36 views

Uploaded by a_j_sanyal259

basic structure for architects

- ADRB
- 1 Introduction 7
- SAFE Verification
- Composite Beam Simply Supported Design
- Sandwich Composite Analysis Software
- Tabla de Desplazamientos y Giros en Vigas
- 149624516 an Architect s Approach to Structures
- SAFE Verification
- flexion
- sdqdvq dg24923v
- Leaf Springs
- Support design.pdf
- Calculating Maximum Bending Stress of a Pipe
- 1. Analysis and design of High Rise Building Frames.pdf
- An Architect's Approach to Structures
- RC04_Bending2
- Problem_H
- Mechanics of Materials
- Structural Beam Calculator (Supported on Both Ends Loaded at any Location)
- PART I

You are on page 1of 15

Sanyal:

An Architect is basically space planner. He has to co-ordinate works of various consultant e.g. structural, HVAC, Mechanical & Electrical, Acoustics & Illumination etc. Hence he should have at least working knowledge of above fields. Structural options & possibilities & their behavior under the influence of loads being most important.

Structural design of building may be defined as to channelized all types of loads acting on building during its lifetime by shortest possible route to the foundation below so that bearing capacity of soil is not exceeded & structure is safe to use during its life time. The loads which will be acting on a building during its lifetime can be classified as: a) Dead load such as self weight, permanent fixtures etc. b) Live load such as occupancy loads, movable loads etc. c) Dynamic loads such as wind loads, Earthquake loads etc. d) Hydraulic loads such as load due to water table in rainy seasons etc. e) Impact loads etc.

Loads can be also classified as: UDL (Uniformly distributed loads e.g. self weight of structural members. Point loads (Loads which acts on very small area e.g. secondary beam transferring loads on main beam. Triangular loads e.g. water pressure in water tank, soil pressure on retaining wall etc. Trapezoidal loads e.g. loads transferred on long beam of two way slab. Combination of above loads.

Due to action of loads three types of stresses are set up in structural members : 1. Tensile e.g. shell structures, cables etc. 2. Compression e.g. column, struts etc. 3. Bending & tension or bending & compression e.g. beams, truss etc. 4. Stress is force per unit area, while strain is change in length divided by original length. 5. Standard bending formula is: M/I=F/y or M=fZ , where M= External B.M, I=Moment of inertia, f= allowable stress in structural members , y= position of extreme fiber from N.A; Z= Modulus of section. 6. In building we are encountered with members as mentioned in type 3 stress category.

Bending moment & shear force diagrams: Bending moment about any point can be defined as force x perpendicular distance from the point in question. Shear force can be defined as unbalanced force to the right or left of the section. B.M. & S.F. diagram is graphical representation of B.M. & S.F. In general B.M. is maximum where S.F. is zero & S.F. is maximum where B.M. is zero (Point of inflection). In cantilever structure B.M. & S.F. is maximum at support. In a continuous beam/slab advantage can be taken of cantilever projection, which reduces span moments of adjacent span. Propped cantilever is better option as compared to cantilever projections.

In simple beam moment is zero at ends & maximum at centre: wl2/8, while in fixed beam at ends FEM=wl2/12 & centre it is wl2/24. In reality beam/slab is neither completely free or simply supported or completely fixed, but it can be assumed either nominally fixed or partially fixed. Hence for practical design for initial sizing of members can be based on wl2/10 for UDL. Deflection of beam/slab depends on load , span & end condition of beam. Fixed beam is stiffer as compared to simple beam. If the load is doubled BM in beam/slab is also doubled , but deflection becomes 16 times as deflection= k.wl4 where k= 5/384 for simple beam & 1/384 for fixed beam.

Important components of any building are : 1.Roof/Floor-truss with roofing materials, slabs, plank. Decking etc. 2.Beams plinth, floor beams etc. 3.Columns/wall-corner column, side column, central column etc. 4.Foundation/footing-strip footing, isolated footing, combined footing etc.

Slabs/beams can be classified based on spanning e.g. one way slab, two way slab etc. It can be also classified as per shape e.g. rectangular, square, triangular, circular etc. It ca be also classified as per support condition e.g. simple support, fixed support, continuous support, cantilever etc. Columns can be classified as/ its effective length e.g. short or long column. It can be also classified as per position e.g. corner column, side column or central column etc. Foundation can be classified as shallow or deep foundation/ pile foundation. Again it can be strip foundation, isolated footing, eccentric footing, combined footing, raft foundation etc. Roof can be sloping roof in A.C./G.I. sheets or tiles, r.c.c. slabs, folded slabs, shell structures, pneumatic/fabric structures etc.

Most of the structure falls under the category of bending & tension or bending & compression , general guide lines can be given as under: 1. Prefer short span as compared to long span from deflection point. 2. Doubling of load will double the BM but doubling of span will increase the deflection 16 times for UDL. 3. Prefer propped cantilever in place of isolated cantilever. 4. Isolated cantilever structure should be limited in use & adequate counter weight shall be provided for the same generally 1.5 times the load on cantilever. 5. In a continuous structure overhang reduces the BM in the adjoining span. 6. Beams/slabs are not completely free to rotate or completely fixed but it is either nominally/partially fixed. 7. Prefer ULD as compared to point load as BM & SF is less in common types beams/slabs. 8. If point loads cannot be avoided then try to ensure that is more than 10, which is practically very near to UDL.

9. In corner column there will be biaxial bending, in side column it be uniaxial bending & in central column it may be axial loading for symetrical beam & loading. 10. Short column if preferable to long & slender column. 11. Braced column if preferable to un-braced column. 12. Concentric isolated footing is preferable to isolated eccentric/strip footing. RULE OF THUMBS: a) For isolated footing Length x breadth = 1.1nwA/B.C. b) Plinth beam (lintel at 2.1mt) d= 50mm/mt run & Ast= 10mm , no. being equal to span in mts. c) Tee or beam= 60mm/mt Ast= d/3 for tee beam & d/4 for ell beam d) Column with 1% reinf. = 15.57Sq. Cms/tonne load. e) Slabs= 40 mm/mt. run

Sr. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. Member Plinth beam Tie beam Floor beam Grid beam Span/Overall depth ratio. 15 to 18 18 to 20 12 to 15 20 to 30

Sr.No. 1. 2. 3. 4. Slab type One-way simply supported One-way continuous Two-way simply supported Two-way continuous Span to overall depth ratio. 30 35 38 for L/B=1.5 35 for L/B>1.5 40 for L/B=1.5 38for L/B>1.5

Miscellaneous structures : Truss depth/span= 10 Virendell truss = 1/8 to 1/10 span, compression & tension at top & bottom cords is given by: C=T= qL2/8h, where q=UDL & L=Span in mts & h=depth of V. truss. Arch. Optimum rise= 1/6 to , d=Span/40 to span/70 Folded plate: depth of fold= Span/15 to Span/10. Flat plate: d=Effe.Span/22 to E.Span/18. Two way ribbed slab= Eff. Short span/30 to 1/25. Flat plate ribbed slab= Eff. Span/20 to 1/17 Domes: Rise/span=1/8 to for nomal dome & 1/5 to for shallow domes.

Rule of thumbs for M20 concrete mix (AJS): 1. Beam in general: d= 15.41[w/k]1/2 , Ast=1.94[w/k]1/2 & of bar= 0.884[w/k]1/4 2. Plinth beam: d= 50mm/mt. run & Ast=10mm , number =span in mts. 3. Tee or Ell beam: MR=Qbd2, where Q= 40xy(2-y), x=Bf/br, y=ds/d, Bf=Effe. Flange width, br=width of rib, ds=thickness of slab, d= effe. Depth of beam. 4. d of Tee/Ell beam=12.77[w/{40kxyb(2-y)}]1/2, Ast=6.527[w/{40kxyb(2-y)}]1/2 d/2 5. Column: Load carrying capacity Pu=[72+24.3p], where Pu= Ultimate load, p=% of reinf. 15.57 sq. cms./tonne load with 1% reinf. 6. Slab: d= 12.2474l[w/k]1/2=3.873l[w]1/2, Ast 7. Approximate UDL on columns: Corner-2T/M2, Side-1.5/M2, Central-1.1T/M2

Sorry I could not go in details due to constrain of time. If you want detail seminar it should be minimum 2-3 days seminar, where basic theory, derivation of common formula, numerical & assignments with probable solutions etc. can be covered comfortably. Any way if like my presentation, tell your friends, else tell your enemies so you can Pleasure of revenge. But tell somebody.

THANK YOU

- ADRBUploaded byakhilkvsh
- 1 Introduction 7Uploaded bySmr Only
- SAFE VerificationUploaded bygan6043
- Composite Beam Simply Supported DesignUploaded byTharanga Pradeep
- Sandwich Composite Analysis SoftwareUploaded byDouglas Rodrigues
- Tabla de Desplazamientos y Giros en VigasUploaded byGerman Pinasco
- 149624516 an Architect s Approach to StructuresUploaded byjbonvier
- SAFE VerificationUploaded bysandycivilpg
- flexionUploaded byivan bolaños
- sdqdvq dg24923vUploaded byscqfqqe1214
- Leaf SpringsUploaded byshehnazbir
- Support design.pdfUploaded bySakthi Vel
- Calculating Maximum Bending Stress of a PipeUploaded byNabil Al-Khirdaji
- 1. Analysis and design of High Rise Building Frames.pdfUploaded bysanjay mishra
- An Architect's Approach to StructuresUploaded byAshish Jain
- RC04_Bending2Uploaded bysofianina05
- Problem_HUploaded bySofiane Bensefia
- Mechanics of MaterialsUploaded bysatishkumarkolluru9809
- Structural Beam Calculator (Supported on Both Ends Loaded at any Location)Uploaded bySpreadsheetZONE
- PART IUploaded bymark_torreon
- Structural Beam Calculator (Supported on Both Ends Loaded Two Equal Loads)Uploaded bySpreadsheetZONE
- Background to Structural AnalysisUploaded byMihajloDjurdjevic
- اتصالات از پیش_ تائید شده در Aisc - انواع اتصالات قاب خمشی سازه فلزیUploaded byMehdi Farrokhi
- Mechanics of Materials 2015Uploaded byAlex Lake
- RAM Concept Manual_rev01Uploaded byBabak WSP Group
- Interview Questions122Uploaded bySai Gnanadeep
- Civil Engineering III and IV SemUploaded byNikhilPrakash
- DesiUploaded byAlemayehu Darge
- AC 302 to AC 307Uploaded byAkshat Trivedi
- Bridges_Oct 2012_2008Uploaded bySahil Gandhi

- Canada Authority LetterUploaded bya_j_sanyal259
- 001 Design of Concrete Beam With Tension Reinf OnlyUploaded byMREFAAT
- Lecture No. 11 Stone MasonryUploaded byAnmol Jassal
- Design_And_Analysis_Of_Flat_Slab_Floor_S.docxUploaded bya_j_sanyal259
- Reference Books 125Uploaded byMayank Jain
- is.1172.1993Uploaded byShekharShirke
- booksUploaded bybagmass
- Onion SilkUploaded bya_j_sanyal259
- Building-elements-checklist.docUploaded bya_j_sanyal259
- Statics Week3Uploaded bya_j_sanyal259
- Wood CP Tabulation.pdfUploaded bya_j_sanyal259
- structural safetyUploaded byThulasi Raman Kowsigan
- Advantages and Disadvantages of MasonryUploaded bya_j_sanyal259
- Applied Architectural StructuresUploaded bya_j_sanyal259
- dpdc_architectsactUploaded byJayita Chakraborty
- working_drawings_checklist.pdfUploaded bya_j_sanyal259
- First Year to Fifth Year.b-arch. Syllabus (RSTMN UniUploaded bya_j_sanyal259
- Building Elements ChecklistUploaded byAl-Asya'irah Al-Maturidiah
- Site Planning NotesUploaded bya_j_sanyal259
- Acoustics in Nut ShellUploaded bya_j_sanyal259
- Right to Information Act GuideUploaded bySanket_Dhanave
- Um CitizenUploaded byNasir Ahmed
- Adv. Rcc VergheseUploaded bya_j_sanyal259
- Role of Architects in the Rural IndiaUploaded bya_j_sanyal259
- Hindi Vastu eBookUploaded byprem4ku
- Student Materia MedicaUploaded bya_j_sanyal259
- Chapter 4-Exterior ProtectionUploaded bya_j_sanyal259
- AJS Certificate AuthorUploaded bya_j_sanyal259
- dpdc_architectsactUploaded byJayita Chakraborty
- SP 35 (1987)_ Handbook on Water Supply and Drainage (With Special Emphasis on Plumbing)Uploaded byAnamika Tiwary

- Gen Math Lesson 2Uploaded byDerren Nierras Gaylo
- DB2Uploaded bykombissanmanoj
- EYLES MACHIN 2015 the Introduction of Academy Schools to England s EducationUploaded byclfrites
- Computational Modeling of Genetic and Biochemical NetworksUploaded byMarcus Braga
- 5 Forms of Failure in Rigid PavementUploaded byhartolengo
- GE HiSpeed Diagnostics ManualUploaded byIgor
- 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network; Physical channels and mapping of transport channels onto physical channels (FDD) (Release 7)Uploaded byAdarsh TJ
- Chapter 18 Class 10th.pdfUploaded byMuneer Kaleri
- Evolution of solar systemUploaded byanon020202
- (Springer Texts in Statistics ) Hung T. Nguyen, Gerald S. Rogers (auth.)-Fundamentals of Mathematical Statistics_ Probability for Statistics-Springer New York (1989).pdfUploaded bysivakumar
- Reflexw ManualUploaded byDiego Mota Jara
- 350680_1Uploaded byOzgur Tung
- DS Wiki BookUploaded byeanwahm
- Effect of ozone pretreatment on low temperature CO oxidation catalystsUploaded byAlice Ho
- 10022015 SLK-Class Speclist EPDFUploaded byBen Musimane
- OpticsUploaded byAraman Tanvir
- Power Xpert Solar 250 KW Inverter - Harvest the Power of the SunUploaded byEmilio Escalante
- The SQL LanguageUploaded byransantiger
- 4.Lecture on Hydropower IntakeUploaded byEng Bagaragaza Romuald
- Capacitor - El-fergany2014 - 2Uploaded byiraj
- Welding Parameters for Dupelx WeldUploaded byarunrad
- LECTURE 1Uploaded byDevmani Shukla
- Universal Audiencie Epistem Aspiration of Argument AikinUploaded byGabriel Reis
- math - nov 15Uploaded byapi-237893135
- hamza paper.pdfUploaded byHamza Ahsan Ahsan
- Air Shields 7865 Infant Warmer - Service ManualUploaded byJair Jesús Cazares Rojas
- Restructuring ClausesUploaded bysdgm1
- Computer Systems Servicing Gr 11Uploaded bygaylebugayong
- Bio SpargingUploaded byMichael Huffman
- entahhhhhUploaded byZati Thz