EU/CANADA CETA NEGOTIATIONS

State of Play

Conference on the EU-Canada Relationship and CETA
Fred Kingston EU Delegation to Canada Vancouver, 7 June 2013

CETA Process
• The launch of CETA negotiations took place at the EU/Canada Summit in May 2009 in Prague. • The decision to launch negotiations followed almost two years of study on the costs and benefits of a closer EU/Canada partnership, the so-called “Joint Study” .
http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2008/october/tradoc_141032.pdf

• The Joint Study was then followed by the “Scoping Exercise”, which set the objectives of the negotiations.
http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2009/march/tradoc_142470.pdf

Modalities for the negotiations

Reach maximum degree of liberalization of trade in goods and services, far beyond WTO commitments, towards economic integration; Pursue a comprehensive and ambitious agreement: No minimalist deal (all issues on the table);

Conclude negotiations quickly – target was 2012.

Modalities for the negotiations
Large scope of the agreement • CETA contains traditional « FTA » elements: goods and services, plus • Public procurement • Intellectual property • Investment • Labour mobility • Regulatory cooperation  Because of the wide scope for the negotiations, essential to secure a strong involvement of the Canadian Provinces and Territories in the negotiations (first time for Canada).

CETA Negotiations – achievements (1)

• Nine rounds have taken place.
• Since then, talks are held in expert groups, more frequent meetings. • Ministerial meetings took place in December 2010, in November 2012 and, the last one, in February 2013. • In spite of some delay, the negotiations have progressed very well. Excellent atmosphere and high ambitions remain on both sides.

CETA Negotiations - achievements (2)
• In terms of trade in goods, EU and Canada plan to eliminate tariffs on roughly 99% of existing tariff lines in bilateral trade, with a maximum dismantling period of seven years . • But CETA goes well beyond trade in goods. Key elements of these negotiations are :
– – – – – – Public procurement (Provincial and Municipal level) Intellectual Property Rights (including pharma patents and GIs) Services Investment Regulatory Cooperation Labour mobility, etc.

CETA Negotiations – state of play
• Now into the “end game”. • However, there still are many complex and sensitive areas of negotiation to resolve, such as: – Agriculture market access – IPR (pharma patents, GIs) – Rules of Origin (auto sector) – Investment (market access, investment protection) – Procurement (urban transport) – Services (financial services)

Perspectives -

• Political support for an ambitious agreement remains strong on both sides.

• Satisfaction for the serious and constant implication of the Provinces and Territories in the negotiations. Provinces must remain active and committed.
• Hope to solve the remaining issues quickly and conclude negotiations rapidly.

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