Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Its your health. Protect yourself.

and even death. Putting off treatment can lead to irreversible health effects such as infertility. increased risk for cancer.Why Should I get Tested for STDs? Sexually transmitted diseases are common. . Some STDs show no symptoms. After all. The only way to ―know for sure‖ is to get tested! STDs are treatable. By age 25. and many of those infected don’t know it. Think it can’t happen to you? Think again. you aren’t just having sex with your partner but with everyone they’ve had sex with…. one in two sexually active young people will get an STD. talk with your partner about getting tested for STDs.and everyone they had sex with…. Before you start a new sexual relationship. and most are curable.

simply state that you wish to see a health care provider for a ―personal reason‖.) . You may also request to see a male or female provider at this time. (These requests will be honored but not guaranteed depending on schedule availability. If you are concerned about privacy when making the appointment. instead of saying an STD screening.How can I get Tested for STDs at the WCU Student Health Center? Students should call 227-7640 to schedule an appointment.

Based on your conversation. methods of contraception and STD risk reduction. current sexual behavior.What Will Happen on the Day of My Appointment? The Talk Be prepared to address topics concerning your sexual history. These questions may seem really personal. your provider will determine appropriate tests for you. All information is confidential. . but its important to be honest with your health care provider. and any current symptoms that you may be experiencing.

Blood sample – your provider may take a small blood sample Sometimes your diagnosis can be made based on your symptoms or a physical exam. Treatment could be prescribed right away. sores. Your exam may include: Physical exam – your health care provider may look at your genital and/or your anus for any signs of an infection. discharge. your health care provider may need to send a sample away to a lab. For women. Urine sample – you may be asked to urinate into a cup. cell or oral fluid sample – your provider will use a swab to collect samples that will be looked at under a microscope. such as a rash. Other times. Always follow up! .What Will Happen on the Day of My Appointment? The Exam     There is no single test that will screen for all STDs. In that case. this exam can be similar to a yearly pelvic exam. or warts. Discharge. tissue. the results may not be available for several days.

Signs and Symptoms of Chlamydia    Most of those infected have no symptoms. . they usually appear within 1 to 3 weeks of exposure. fever. a burning sensation when urinating. If symptoms do occur. lower abdominal pain. burning sensation when urinating. Men: discharge from the penis. Women: abnormal vaginal discharge. or bleeding between menstrual periods. or burning and itching around the opening of the penis. pain during intercourse. nausea.

 Pts with chlamydia should abstain from sexual intercourse until 7 days after their partner has completed treatment. .How is Chlamydia Treated?  Chlamydia can be easily treated and cured with a single antibiotic dose.  Both partners must be treated at the same time to prevent passing the infection back and forth.

yellow. increased vaginal discharge. they usually appear within 2 days to 4 weeks of exposure.  Women: a painful or burning sensation when urinating. .  Men: a burning sensation when urinating. or green discharge from the penis. Sometimes men with gonorrhea get painful or swollen testicles. or vaginal bleeding between periods. or a white. If symptoms do occur.Signs and Symptoms of Gonorrhea  Most of those infected show no symptoms.

 Because many people with gonorrhea also have chlamydia. .  Both partners must be treated at the same time to prevent passing the infection back and forth. antibiotics for both infections are usually given together.How is Gonorrhea Treated?  Gonorrhea can be easily treated and cured with a single dose of an antibiotic.

Signs and Symptoms of Genital Herpes  Most people have no symptoms. headaches. flu-like symptoms: fever. . The virus stays in the body forever and may cause recurrent outbreaks. The first outbreak typically occurs 2 weeks after exposure.  Men and Women: small painful blisters or ulcers on the genitals. tender swollen glands.

 Daily suppressive therapy with antiviral medications can reduce the likelihood of spreading the virus to sex partners.How is Genital Herpes Treated?  There is no treatment that can cure the herpes virus itself. .  Antiviral medications (Acyclovir) can help reduce the pain and itching as well as the frequency of recurrent outbreaks.

 Cervical cancer does not have symptoms until it is quite advanced.Signs and Symptoms of HPV (Genital Warts)  Most people with HPV do not develop symptoms. They can be raised or flat. and sometimes cauliflower shaped. small or large. it is important for women to get Pap test annually.  Genital warts usually appear as small bumps or groups of bumps. Certain types of HPV can cause genital warts in men and women. while others can cause cervical cancer in women. For this reason. usually in the genital area. . single or multiple.

. or by chemical treatments performed by your clinician in the office.How is HPV Treated?  There is no treatment that can cure the virus itself.  Visible genital warts can be removed by topical medications prescribed by your clinician.

There is no treatment that can cure HIV or AIDS.Should I be Concerned About HIV?      Many people infected with HIV do not have any symptoms at all for many years after exposure. Antiretroviral medications can slow the progression and delay the onset of AIDS. and during pregnancy or breast. HIV is spread through unprotected vaginal. and anal sex with someone who has HIV. One quarter of the HIV-infected persons in the United States do not know that they are infected. through sharing contaminated needles or drug works. oral.feeding with an HIV-positive mother. .

  . 9/15. 12/1 from 4pm-8pm You may also contact Jackson County Department of Public Health to schedule an appointment at their facilities located on Scotts Creek Rd. 828-586-8994 The American Red Cross screens all donated blood for HIV/AIDS.How Do I get Tested for HIV?  Free HIV Testing is provided by the Jackson County Department of Public Health at the WCU UC on the following dates: 4/15.

How Do I Protect Myself? Get tested  Ask your partner to get tested  Use condoms  Limit your number of sexual partners  Do not inject illicit drugs  If consuming alcohol. do so moderately  .

Then gently pull the condom off the penis. unroll the condom all the way to the base of the erect penis.Condoms…am I Using Them Correctly?       Use a new condom each and every time you have sex (including oral sex)— throughout the entire sex act (from start to finish). Holding the tip. causing breakage. . put the condom on the tip of the erect penis with the rolled side out. body lotions) should not be used because they can weaken latex. grip the rim of the condom and carefully withdraw. Before any genital contact. withdraw. Oil-based lubricants (petroleum jelly. making sure that semen doesn't spill out. massage oils. remove the broken condom. stop immediately. After ejaculation and before the penis gets soft. which might require water-based lubricants such as K-Y JellyTM or AstroglideTM. If you feel the condom break at any point during sexual activity. pinch the tip enough to leave a halfinch space for semen to collect. Ensure that adequate lubrication is used during vaginal and anal sex. and put on a new condom. If the condom does not have a reservoir tip.

References   Center for Disease Control  www.gov www.com UpToDate  .uptodate.cdc.