June 13, 2013
MILTON CITIZENS COMMITTEE ON AVIATION IMPACTS Organizing Milton to Respond to Aircraft Traffic Over our Town

MCCAC Committee Members
 Sheryl Fleitman (Tucker Neighborhood)

 Phil Johenning (Hillside Neighbohood)

 Cindy Christiansen (East Milton)  Ginny Corcoran (Hospital & Police Station)  Muna Killingback (Atherton Street)  John Rowe (Hillside Neighborhood)  Judy Kennedy (Atherton near Curry College)
Milton’s CAC Rep

 Committee Mission: The group’s aim is to study
and respond to the impacts of airplane traffic on the quality of life, property values, and citizens’ health in Milton. We seek to provide timely information to Milton residents and coordinate responses to increase our voice.

 Overview of runway descriptions, background & map  Review what has happened with noise in our town  Handout information & what you can do  Discussion: What ideas do you have? What else can
we do?

Objectives of the Meeting
• To share information about the extent and impact of aviation traffic over Milton.
• To consider options for town responses to the implementation of the 33L RNAV (condensed flight path) over Milton on June 5--despite strong town opposition. • To mobilize citizen action to preserve the environmental integrity and quality of life in Milton by reducing airplane noise and air pollution.

• To build the membership of the Milton Citizens Committee on Aviation Impacts.

What You Have Said
 We have enough flight traffic already!  I've lived in this town for 30 years, paid taxes to support it, and am
enraged that towns like Brookline, Newton, Cohasset and Duxbury are not "sharing the pain"!

 I strongly oppose the noise and environmental pollution the proposed
runway will cause to our neighborhood.

 I am very concerned about the increase to an already detrimental
level of pollution and noise from flights to and from Logan.

 In the summer when outside enjoying the day I am regularly
disturbed by excessive noise.

 Milton has way more than it "fair" share of flight paths. Over our
house I observed planes in four different patterns in the sky during the summer months, some absolutely over our house! And technically, we are not under a flight path!

 Comments taken from the 2011 ESPR (Appendix)

For safety the FAA seeks to operate runways that are aligned with the wind direction

Boston Logan Airport

Runway use YTD April 2013 versus 2012 2013 Arr 4.8% 28.2% 0.0% 0.0% 1.3% 13.4% 0.0% 30.9% 20.4% 1.0% 2012 Arr 3.2% 22.2% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 15.4% 0.0% 41.1% 16.9% 0.9%

4L 4R 9 14 15R 22L 22R 27 33L 32

Dep 0.0% 4.1% 28.9% 0.0% 4.4% 1.2% 27.4% 16.7% 17.3% 0.0%

4L 4R 9 14 15R 22L 22R 27 33L 32

Dep 0.0% 2.7% 23.1% 0.0% 6.2% 1.5% 38.7% 11.8% 16.0% 0.0%

100.0% 100.0%

100.1% 100.0%

4L 4R 9 14 15R 22L 22R 27 33L 32

2013 Arr 2,229 13,069 0 0 594 6,237 1 14,326 9,476 466 46,398

Dep 0 1,886 13,450 0 2,042 555 12,746 7,773 8,022 0 46,474 4L 4R 9 14 15R 22L 22R 27 33L 32

2012 Arr 1,501 10,505 0 0 181 7,289 3 19,485 7,987 416 47,367

Dep 0 1,297 11,159 0 2,983 720 18,670 5,698 7,723 0 48,250 4L 4R 9 14 15R 22L 22R 27 33L 32

Change Arr 48.5% 24.4% 228.2% -14.4% -66.7% -26.5% 18.6% 12.0%

Dep 45.4% 20.5% -31.5% -22.9% -31.7% 36.4% 3.9% -

Boston Logan Airport Runway use 2012 versus 2010 2012 Arr 6.4% 33.8% 0.0% 0.0% 0.6% 16.4% 0.0% 33.7% 8.7% 0.5% 100.1% 2010 Arr 5.0% 28.1% 0.0% 0.0% 1.2% 15.1% 0.0% 32.6% 16.4% 1.5% 99.9%

4L 4R 9 14 15R 22L 22R 27 33L 32

Dep 0.0% 6.4% 33.7% 0.0% 4.3% 3.3% 38.1% 5.9% 8.2% 0.0% 99.9%

4L 4R 9 14 15R 22L 22R 27 33L 32

Dep 0.0% 4.2% 28.0% 0.0% 7.7% 1.6% 31.5% 10.0% 17.0% 0.0% 100.0%

4L 4R 9 14 15R 22L 22R 27 33L 32

2012 Arr 9,241 48,838 0 0 902 23,634 22 48,729 12,523 657

Dep 0 9,366 49,059 1 6,300 4,862 55,412 8,587 11,920 0 4L 4R 9 14 15R 22L 22R 27 33L 32

2010 Arr 7,249 40,698 0 0 1,811 21,954 20 47,355 23,814 2,181

Dep 0 6,254 41,229 11 11,376 2,314 46,406 14,677 25,000 0 4L 4R 9 14 15R 22L 22R 27 33L 32

Change Arr Dep 27.5% 20.0% 49.8% 19.0% -90.9% -50.2% -44.6% 7.7% 110.1% 10.0% 19.4% 2.9% -41.5% -47.4% -52.3% -69.9% -

144,546 145,507

145,082 147,267

You Are Not Imagining It!
 Over the last two years, Milton has experienced a 21% increase in
airplane arrivals on Runways 4 alone.

 On March 7, 2013, the FAA made ―tweaks‖ to the RNAV
(concentrated flight paths—akin to highways in the sky) for runways 4 and 27 and this impacted neighborhoods not previously effected.

 A third RNAV for Runway 33L was implemented by the FAA on
June 5, despite strong opposition from Milton. This concentrates flights over a three mile span instead of throughout the South Shore.

 Two other RNAVs already exist over Milton for Runways 4 and 27.
(See wall map* for details.)

You Are Not Imagining It!
In 2011, Milton’s noise measure was higher than seven measurement locations that are closer to Logan! (Table 6-8, p 6-41
ESPR 2011)

 East Boston

 Quincy
 Everett  Nahant

 Medford
 Mattapan  Jamaica Plain

Noise over Milton at night!
Milton’s 9-hour nighttime noise burden has increased - whereas most sites have decreased. (p 6-53
ESPR 2011)

Planes after 11 pm and before7 am are very disruptive but the FAA says they are allowed to do this - although overwater landings and arrivals are an option at Logan.

Noise Over Milton is Not Being Adequately Monitored
 Of the 30 noise monitors in towns around Logan, only
one third (10 out of 30) are south of Logan.

But only ONE is in Milton, at Cunningham Park.

Noise Increased for Milton, Decreased Overall
Massport's most recent annual report shows that two other reported noise measures are the highest they’ve been in Milton over the last 7 years.
(Table 6-3 pages 6-52 & 6-53)

However, across all the noise monitors, these measurements have decreased.

Logan’s Airplane Noise is Being Moved From Urban to Suburban Areas
―A proposed satellite-guided flight route for planes departing one of Logan International Airport’s major runways would send planes along more precise routes and reduce airplane noise in some urban areas, officials say…The new flight paths would alter the airplane noise experienced in cities and towns in the Metropolitan Boston area. Data submitted as part of the FAA’s draft environmental assessment indicates

that some airplane noise will move from urban to suburban areas.‖
Boston Globe, Jan. 26, 2013

Number Of Planes Flying Over Milton From Just ONE of The THREE RNAVs Over Our Town

 About 146 days out of the year, approximately 400
arrivals/day fly over most of our town

 This runway (the 4’s) is just one of the three runways
that are affecting us.

 Massport’s Airport Monitor is a tool for tracking flights
over Milton

 The next slide shows the effect of the RNAV’s
highway in the sky

Box shows 6 planes flying in a highway over Milton with others lining up

Guiding Principles
 All communities around Logan Airport that enjoy the
convenience of being in close proximity to a major airport should shoulder a fair portion of the airplane traffic burden.

 RNAVs are bad for communities - plane routes should
NOT be concentrated over narrow corridors of residential areas: government agencies need to reverse this trend and find other solutions.

 No one should be disturbed by airplane noise between
the hours of 10 pm and 7 am - the normal noise curfews in communities.

Serious Health Impacts
 ―Globally…8,000 deaths a year result from pollution
from planes at cruising altitude—about 35,000 feet (10,668 meters)—whereas about 2,000 deaths result from pollution emitted during takeoffs and landings…The most common causes of death due to air pollution are cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, including lung cancer, according to the UN's World Health Organization.‖ (Natl. Geographic Daily News

Plane Exhaust Kills More People Than Plane Crashes
Toxic pollutants kill at least ten thousand annually, study says.
By Mason Inman for National Geographic News Published October 5, 2010 There's a new fear of flying: You're more likely to die from exposure to toxic pollutants in plane exhaust than in a plane crash, a new study suggests. In recent years, airplane crashes have killed about a thousand people annually, whereas plane emissions kill about ten thousand people each year, researchers say. Earlier studies had assumed that people were harmed only by the emissions from planes while taking off and landing. The new research is the first to give a comprehensive estimate of the number of premature deaths from all airline emissions.

"We found that unregulated emissions from [planes flying] above 3,000 feet [914 meters] were responsible for most of the deaths," said study leader Steven Barrett, an aeronautical engineer at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/10/101005-planes-pollution-deaths-scienceenvironment/

Particulate Matter From Planes is VERY Bad for Your Health
 ― The estimated increase in the relative rate of death
from all causes [due to air pollution from planes] was 0.51 percent…for each increase in the PM10 level of 10 μg per cubic meter.‖ [PM10 are the particulate matter from airplanes: ozone, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide.] NE Journal of Medicine 2000.
Article: Fine Particulate Air Pollution and Mortality in 20 U.S. Cities, 1987–1994 From NE Journal of Medicine (N Engl J Med 2000; 343:1742-1749)Authors: Jonathan M. Samet, M.D.,

Francesca Dominici, Ph.D., Frank C. Curriero, Ph.D., Ivan Coursac, M.S., and Scott L. Zeger, Ph.D.

Aircraft Noise is Associated with Increased Hypertension
 In residential areas, outdoor aircraft noise-induced
equivalent noise levels of 60 dB(A) in the daytime and 45 dB(A) at night are associated with an increased incidence of hypertension. There is a dose-response relationship between aircraft noise and the occurrence of arterial hypertension. The prescription frequency of blood pressure-lowering medications is associated dose-dependently with aircraft noise from a level of about 45 dB(A). Around 25% of the population are greatly annoyed by exposure to noise of 55 dB(A) during the daytime. Exposure to 50 dB(A) in the daytime (outside) is associated with relevant learning difficulties in schoolchildren. [The RNAVs go or over MHS & Pierce.]

Aircraft Noise is Associated with Increased Hypertension
 Based on recent epidemiological studies, outdoor noise limits
of 60 dB(A) in the daytime and 50 dB(A) at night can be recommended on grounds of health protection. Hence, maximum values of 55 dB(A) for the day and 45 dB(A) for the night should be aimed for in order to protect the more sensitive segments of the population such as children, the elderly, and the chronically ill. These values are 5 to10 dB(A) lower than those specified by the German federal law on aircraft noise and in the report "synopsis" commissioned by the company that runs Frankfurt airport (Fraport).

 Health Consequences of Aircraft Noise Deutsch Arztebl Int.
2008 August; 105(31-32): 548–556. Published online 2008 August 4. doi: 10.3238/arztebl.2008.0548 PMCID: PMC2696954 Published on the US Natl. Instititutes of Health website http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2696954/

Airplane Noise Harms Property Values

―A report prepared for the FAA entitled The Effect of Airport Noise on Housing Values: A Summary Report (1994)…indicated a consistent

negative impact on residential property market values located near the airport and/or underneath the flight track. This report
found that the impact on property values of airport noise varied from negligible amounts ($627 for housing units around Baltimore-Washington International Airport) to significant ($60,800 for moderately priced housing units around Los Angeles International Airport) (Booz-Allen & Hamilton, 1994). The study concluded that…the loss to moderately priced homes is as high as 19 percent.

Finally, it was concluded the reduction in value of a high priced home would be approximately 2.5 times that of a moderately priced home (Booz-Allen & Hamilton, 1994). Because of the federal sponsorship of the FAA study, many studies have used the results of this study, such as the 1.33 percent estimate in diminution of property value per decibel, as a calculation for other studies."

 http://web.pdx.edu/~jdill/Muldoon_FAP.pdf

What Can You Do? What Can We Do?
 Join the Milton Citizens Committee and become active share your talents, skills, and energy! Everyone is welcome and needed.

 Write, email, and/or call the FAA, Massport, Sen. Joyce,
Rep. Timilty, our Selectman, and your US Congressional Reps (NB: Rep. Capuano is on the transportation subcommittee).

 Mobilize your neighbors. Start and/or sign a petition.  And whatever you can do, keep on doing it until we see
positive change!
[Take a flyer home for yourself and your neighbors!]

Comment on the Decision

rd 3


 The FAA accepts written comments on their final
decision about the RNAV for Runway 33L for 30 days after its release (so before 7/4/13)

 If your comments were not addressed or if you have
new thoughts or information regarding the Runway 33L RNAV, Please voice your opinion by writing to: Terry English terry.english@faa.gov

Comment During the 6 Month Trial Period of 33L RNAV
 File Noise Complaints (See handout)  Let your federal state and local representatives know

Thank you for getting involved! Let’s work together to protect Milton’s quality of life and environment!