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DMG 5028 MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTING 2

CHAPTER 1
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Standards of Ethical Conduct for Management Accountants


The Institute of Management Accountants has published and promoted the following standards of ethical conduct for management accountants.

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IMA Statement of Ethical Professional Practice


Principles
IMAs overarching ethical principles include:

Honesty, Fairness, Objectivity, and

Responsibility.
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IMA Statement of Ethical Professional Practice


Standards
A members failure to comply with the following standards may result in disciplinary action.

Competence Confidentiality Integrity Credibility


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Follow applicable laws, regulations and standards.

Maintain professional competence.

Competence

Prepare complete and clear reports after appropriate analysis.

Do not disclose confidential information unless legally obligated to do so.

Do not use confidential information for personal advantage.

Confidentiality

Ensure that subordinates do not disclose confidential information.

Avoid activities that could affect your ability to perform duties. Refrain from activities that could discredit the profession. Refuse gifts or favors that might influence behavior.

Integrity

Communicate unfavorable as well as favorable information.


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Communicate information fairly and objectively.

Objectivity

Disclose all information that might be useful to management.


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IMA Statement of Ethical Professional Practice


Resolution of Ethical Conduct When faced with ethical issues, you should follow your organizations established policies on the resolution of such conflict.

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Exercise

Ethical Dilemmas
Example:1. Case study one: takeover information. You are financial director of a large multinational organisation and have been privy to information about a takeover bid to acquire a rival firm. A family friend is considering selling shares in this rival organisation and has asked you, as an expert in the industry, for advice on this matter. What would you do?
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Exercise (contd)

Ethical Dilemmas
Answer:Integrity :This situation has a clear impact on you integrity fair dealing and truthfulness. Your obligations in this instance are to confidentiality Objectivity :Your objectivity would be at risk if you allow a personal relationship to influence the ethical and legal responsibilities you have to your employer. Professional competence: You have a duty to maintain professional knowledge, to act diligently in accordance with professional standards and to uphold legal requirements. Confidentiality: You have an obligation to refrain from 11 disclosure of information outside the firm or employing -Miss Ifa Chanorganisation.

Exercise (contd)
2. Case study two: withholding information You are a CIMA member who is a non-executive director of a large services company. The board of directors meets on a monthly basis to discuss the quarterly forecast and other business issues. It is the responsibility of the finance director to distribute papers at least two weeks prior to the date of the meeting. These papers should first be signed off by the CEO. Recently documents have only been received a day before the meeting. You have raised this with the finance director who has stated the delay is due to the sign-off by the CEO. You do not feel that you are given sufficient time to review the papers, and also believe the information that is available is not complete and therefore difficult to fully appraise. The CEO is a very dominant character and many members of the board are 12 nervous about broaching the matter. What would you do?
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Exercise (contd)
3. Case study three: possible insolvency As financial controller at a manufacturing company you have been advised by a colleague that the sales director is unlawfully declaring fuel benefits as the tax value is high. This has been creating higher profit margins and if declared those margins will go down. There is potential that this could push the company into insolvency, which would result in job losses for 300 employees. You have made the other directors aware of the situation but they have expressed a wish not to disclose the misleading tax bill. You are aware that by declaring this information to the tax authorities, as required by law, that the organisation may have to declare insolvency and those 300 employees could lose their jobs. What 13 would you do?
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Exercise (contd)
4. Case study five: employee issues You are a CIMA member who has recently joined a limited company that processes food. The company is effectively run by one director. The other directors are non-executive and all have close personal relationships. As a key member of the finance team you have discovered that some employees are being paid cash in hand and not via the formal payroll. You also have suspicions that some of these people are being employed illegally and you have no records of their formal employment documents or contracts. What would you do? 14
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Copyright
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