RUANG LINGKUP GEOLOGI

• • • • • pengertian cara mempelajari geologi ilmu-ilmu terkait sistem dalam geologi profesi yang berhubungan dengan geologi

Pengertian
• Geology: The study of the Earth as a whole, its origin, structure, composition, and history (including the development of life), and the nature of the processes which have given rise to its present state.

Whitten, DGA and Brooks, JRV. 1977. The Penguin Dictionary of Geology. Middlesex: Penguin Books. p. 204.

Pertanyaan: • Cari definisi lain dari buku-buku geologi berbahasa Inggris di Perpustakaan Pusat.

Cara mempelajari • Mengikuti pendidikan geologi • Loka dan wahana utama: – Perpustakaan termasuk internet – Laboratorium (studio) – Lapangan Perhatikan • Belum dikatakan belajar geologi sebelum ke lapangan. laboratorium dan perpustakaan! .

Ilmu-ilmu terkait TEKNOLOGI TEKNIK TEKNIK PERTAMBANGAN SIPIL INDUSTRI TEKNIK PARIWISATA PERMINYAKAN GEOLOGI BAHAN GALIAN GEOLOGI TEKNIK GEOLOGI PANASBUMI DLL DLL ILMU-ILMU TERAPAN GEOLOGI MINYAKBUMI GEOLOGI LINGKUNGAN METEOROLOGI ILMU-ILMU DASAR KEBUMIAN HIDROLOGI BIOLOGI GEOLOGI STATISTIKA ILMU-ILMU DASAR FISIKA MATEMATIKA KIMIA .

Ilmu-ilmu antara GEOLOGI GEOFISIKA FISIKA GEOKIMIA KIMIA ARKEOLOGI GEOARKEOLOGI DLL GEOWISATA WISATA PALEONTOLOGI BIOLOGI GEOHIDROLOGI HIDROLOGI GEOSTATISTIKA STATISTIKA Pertanyaan: • Mengapa muncul ilmu-ilmu antara? .

Cabang-cabang geologi GEOLOGI PALEONTOLOGI MINERALOGI STRATIGRAFI GEOLOGI STRUKTUR TEKTONIKA GEOMORFOLOGI PETROLOGI VOLKANOLOGI GEOLOGI SEJARAH SPELEOLOGI LIMNOLOGI DLL Pertanyaan: • Mengapa cabang-cabang geologi juga banyak? .

RUANG LINGKUP GEOLOGI • • • • • pengertian cara mempelajari geologi ilmu-ilmu terkait sistem dalam geologi profesi yang berhubungan dengan geologi .

but they have been being maintained in a single magnificent system and under dynamic equilibrium.I WONDER • There are many diversifications in the world. Bambang Prastistho .

Our previous earth .

GEOSPHERE ATMOSPHERE HYDROSPHERE .

ATMOSPHERE BIOSPHERE HIDROSPHERE GEOSPHERE .

RUANG LINGKUP GEOLOGI • • • • • pengertian cara mempelajari geologi ilmu-ilmu terkait sistem dalam geologi profesi yang berhubungan dengan geologi .

• 1.Why Study Geology? Because geology is all around us. Engineering • 5. Geological Hazards Geology (Changes posing risks) • 4. Historical Geology Geology forms the basis of our great civilizations . “The Environment” Environmental • 3. Landforms and Surface Processes • 6. Geological Resources • 2.

The Cradle of Civilization Sprung from geology of the region Tigris River.com/ .msn. Iraq http://encarta.

msn.com/ .. Geological Resources – The Cradle of Civilization (Fertile Crescent) – Development limited by availability. e. water. water.Why Study Geology? 1. soil.. oil… http://encarta. minerals. e.g. energy – Conflicts based on resources.g.

have shrunk 90 percent in that period. pictured in green. Illustration courtesy United Nations Environment Program .Misuse of Resources 2. Permanent marshlands. The Environment These Maps illustrate the Fertile Crescent in 1973 (top) and 2000 (bottom).

Misuse of Geologic Resources Desiccation of the Aral Sea. The Environment http://www.htm .grida.no/aral/aralsea/english/arsea/arsea. Kazakhstan 2.

UK) .7 billion are joining the consumer class and the environment won’t sustain this standard of living (Worldwatch Institute 2004) • Emissions of Greenhouse gasses is accelerating global warming • Climate change is accelerating melting of glaciers and driving mass extinctions (The Centre of Biodiversity and Conservation. The Environment (Geology in the News) • 1. Leeds University.Overuse of Geologic Resources 2.

Geology in the News http://news.com/news/2003 San Andreas Fault 3. Geologic Hazards • Two die in 6.5 magnitude Earthquake near San Lois Obispo California • Earthquake triggers mudslides .nationalgeographic.

Assessing Risk “Major Quake Likely to Strike San Francisco Bay Region Between 2003 and 2032” 3.gov/research/seismology/wg02/ .usgs. Geologic Hazards • Assessing Risks • Avoiding Risks • Preventing Damage • Predicting Impact http://quake.wr.

Earthquake Bam.000 in Iran 1226-03 – 30.000 Refugees Photos from AP • US sends aid and releases sanctions • Relations improved .and mudhouse city of 100.000 Dead – 30. Iran • A Magnitude 6.5 Earthquake hits a stone.

3. Geological Hazards Volcanoes Landslides Earthquakes .

4. Geology in Engineering Slope Failure Risk Assessment and Control To prevent slope failure engineers must understand the geology that forms and controls the slope .

edu .si. an engineer. Engineers use knowledge of geology to design.Geology in Engineering The Leaning Tower Straightens Up In Pisa the tilted one is back in business after an 11-year effort to keep it from collapsing Committee member John Burland. protect and correct structures www. promoted soil extraction as the best way to save the tower.smithsonianmag.

Landforms and Surface Processes H. 1987 • Glaciers • Mass Wasting • Streams • Shorelines • Deserts • Groundwater http://www.5.berann.com .C. Berann (1915-1999) Yosemite National Park.

Sub Disciplines Areas of Study Which Rely on Geology • Environmental Geology – Environmental Sciences: how we influence the earth – Geologic Hazards: how geology influences us • Engineering Geology – Geologic Materials – Foundations – Geotechnical engineering .

) • Geological Resources – Locating and characterizing amounts and quality – Extracting and – Understanding environmental effects of extraction and use (misuse. overuse) of resources • Historical Geology – Deciphering Earth History and – Evolution of life .Sub Disciplines (cont.