GPRS Radio Network Planning

ZTE university

Objective

After completing this course, you will be able to :
 

Know the principle of the GPRS network planning Know how to make capacity planning and coverage planning Know how to make GPRS frequency planning and GPRS parameter planning

Catalog

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GPRS Network Planning Overview GPRS Traffic Distributing GPRS Coverage Planning GPRS Capacity Planning GPRS Frequency Planning GPRS Parameter Planning

Main Planning Principle

Balance CS and PS traffic and make development together

Main Planning Principle Take full use of the existing GSM resource.

Keep the quality of GSM network, meet the need of GPRS traffic

Influence of GPRS traffic

Signal load increasing Short of traffic channel Distribution of the radio resource become more complicated.

New interference from GPRS

Change of the traffic mode and planning

Influence of GPRS traffic

GPRS Planning Procedures

1

Create GPRS traffic mode 2 GPRS coverage Planning 3 GPRS Capacity Planning 4 GPRS frequency Planning

5

GPRS parameter planning

Catalog

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GPRS Network Planning Overview GPRS Traffic Distributing GPRS Coverage Planning GPRS Capacity Planning GPRS Frequency Planning GPRS Parameter Planning

GPRS traffic sort and application

GPRS traffic sort  Unconnected PTP service  Connected PTP service  PTM  others

GPRS traffic application  Information on Demand  SMS based on GPRS  Inertnet explorer and WAP  E-mail  FTP download and upload  E-trade  others

Key point of GPRS traffic mode

Subscriber mode

Traffic mode

The whole volume of GPRS traffic

Package length distribution of each

   

Percent of different traffic Traffic distributing by time Traffic distributing by space ……
  

Key points of GPRS traffic mode
Radio transmission mode Distributing of coding scheme Signaling cost ……

traffic

Package interval distribution

……

GPRS traffic mode calculation
 On

the assumption that there is no SNDCP compression/decompression and segmentation/reassembly (one IP block is transferred as one LLC block on LLC layer)  On the assumption that LLC is in Nack mode  On the assumption that LLC frame is made of:LLC header(9 bytes)+SNDCP header(4 bytes) +IP data+FCS(3 bytes),one RLC length indicator byte for each block  RLC in ack mode and 10% retransmit rate  On the assumption that the average length of IP package is 200 bytes.  On the assumption that IP data is continues for every 10 IP packages.

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M is the min RLC blocks for the transmission of N LLC PDU A1 is the bytes number of N LLC PDU


  

A2 is the bytes number of N IP packages
B is the bytes number of LLC PDU that one RLC block can bear T is the time for the transmission of N LLC PDU V_IP is assumed to be the bearing rate of IP layer for each PDCH VGb is assumed to be the bearing rate of GB for each PDCH

「X」means round up (X) ,『X』 means round down (X)

M = 「A1 / B」 T = (M + 『M×0.2』+『M×0.1』) ×20 V_IP = A2 / T V_Gb = V_IP×(200+53) / 200=1.265V_IP

Bearing Rate of GPRS traffic

CS-1(Kbps) CS-2(Kbps) CS-3(Kbps) CS-4(Kbps) physical layer rate on Um interface
Bearing rate of IP layer Bearing rate of physical layer on Abis interface Bearing rate of physical layer on Gb interface 9.05 5.58 16 13.4 8.31 16 15.6 9.89 32 21.4 13.95 32

7.06

10.51

12.51

17.65

Catalog

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GPRS Network Planning Overview GPRS Traffic Distributing GPRS Coverage Planning GPRS Capacity Planning GPRS Frequency Planning GPRS Parameter Planning

Allowable minimum C/I on different code scheme

Hopping (C/I) CS-1 CS-2 CS-3 CS-4
7.1 11.5 13.6 20.8

Non- hopping (C/I)
10.8 12.8 13.7 17.2

Remark: BELER=10%

Throughput affected by C/I using different code scheme

Procedure of GPRS coverage planning

Link budget

Calculate the maximum allowable pass loss of CS and PS (on certain code scheme) on certain assumption

Coverage radius calculating

According to the maximum allowable pass loss, calculate the coverage area both of CS and PS traffic.

Coverage planning

Choose the less one as the coverage area to meet the coverage requirement both of CS and PS traffic. The assumption of radio environment and transmission model is the same as CS traffic.

PS coverage contrasted with the CS

GPRS code scheme CS-1 CS-2 CS-3 CS-4

ratio of relative coverage radius
97.02% 85.94% 71.66% 44.13%

Catalog

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GPRS Network Planning GPRS Traffic Distributing GPRS Coverage Planning GPRS Capacity Planning GPRS Frequency Planning GPRS Parameter Planning

Assumption of Compbell algorithm
On GPRS/EDGE channels,service with different

Assumpti on1

average bandwidth requirements at the same time are provided. For each request(Session),data is transferred with traffic equivalent bandwidth continuously.

Assumpti on2

Assumptio n3

The number of PDCH requested by MS is the minimum number which can meet the bandwidth requirement.

Method of calculating the bearer bandwidth of channels on IP layer
LLC efficiency LLC efficiency=(sign al flow+ data flow– number of data package *4)/(signal flow + data flow+ GMM/SM messages number + number of packages *10) LLC bearer rate CS-1:8kbps CS-2:12kbps CS-3:14.4kbps CS-4:20kbps RLC efficiency 95% RLC retransmission rate 1%

Bearer bandwidth on IP layer for a single channel (10kbps) =LLC throughput * LLC efficiency * RLC efficiency *(1-RLC retransmission rate)

Compbell algorithm

Procedure of GPRS signal channel planning

Calculat e the signal capacity accordin g to the configrat ion of existing network

Increas ed load of signal channel by each WAP user

Increas ed load of signal channel by each internet user

Get the number of WAP user and internet user from the result of capacity planning

Calculate the increasem ent of total signal channel after introductio n of GPRS traffic

Determi ne whethe r CCCH needs expansi on based on the network

Examples of GPRS signal channel planning

Note: The above result is got based on vast of data after WAP
log-on; The number of paging that needs to be added shall also conclude paging resending in CS domain caused when GPRS users in PDP ACTIVE fail to monitor PCH during data

transferring.

Catalog

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GPRS Network Planning Overview GPRS Traffic Distributing GPRS Coverage Planning GPRS Capacity Planning GPRS Frequency Planning GPRS Parameter Planning

GPRS frequency planning programme for initial network

It’s suggested to set the PDCH on BCCH trx in initiate stage of GPRS development. Main advantages are:
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C/I can satisfy the requirement of GPRS coverage NO extra interference to GSM traffic Avoid the extra consideration of DTX, IUO, Hopping and PC etc.

Catalog

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 

GPRS Network Planning Overview GPRS Traffic Distributing GPRS Coverage Planning GPRS Capacity Planning GPRS Frequency Planning GPRS Parameter Planning

Important parameters in GPRS Planning

GPRS Cell Identifer


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RAC NSEI BVCI NMO T3168 T3192
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SPCUMUNIT BSIC FREQ
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GPRS Cell Parameter

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DRX_TIMER_MAX BS_CV_MAX PAN_DEC
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PAN_INC PAN_MAX

GPRS Cell Access Parameter

ACCESS_CONT ROL_CLASS MAX_RETRANS CRH TEO CRO

TX_INT AG MFR PT RXLEVACCESS MIN

GPRS Cell Reselection Parameter

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GPRS PC Parameter

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α T_AVG_W T_AVG_T
Priority Delay Class Reliabilty Class


ULPWCTRL DLPWCTRL
Peak Throughput Class Mean Throughput Class

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GPRS SM Parameter

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