CONSERVATION OF WILDLIFE

By Anoushka Singh XG2

Contents
• What Is the need for conservation? • Endangered species in India • Bio Reserves in India

What is the need for conservation “The state shall endeavor to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country and it shall be the duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests. . lakes. and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures.“ – The Indian Constitution. rivers.

India contributes to approx. . of which we all are a part. Indian Government and the people have coordinated efficiently to set up and implement various Wildlife Acts and bio-sphere reserves in our country. • Our lives in one way or another is connected to that of the wildlife. this is not only a numeral figure but a national & natural heritage which needs to protected.• It is important for us to protect our wildlife. • To meet this need. We must also remember that every species plays an important role in the maintenance and balance of the ecological system. 60-70% of the world’s biodiversity.

• Asiatic Lion : the pride of the Gir forests of Gujarat . once the their numbers were in decline. but after the implementation of Asiatic Lion Reintroduction Project their numbers have significantly increased. though they still compromise the endangered species. Endangered Species in India .

Their numbers have not showed much increase. this cat species is hunted for its skin.• Indian Leopard : they include the Himalayan snow leopard. . the clouded leopard.

• Asian black bear : described by Rudyard Kipling as "the most bizarre of the ursine species “ . Asian black were mainly threatened due to the overcutting of forests. . They are found mostly in the Himalayan region.

. their lives are threatened by overcutting of forests and hunting (for ivory).• Indian elephant : also known as the national heritage animal of India.

. clearing of forests and illegal poaching.• Indian Rhinoceros : their lives are mainly threatened due to their hunting.

. mainly for the world class fashion houses.• Saltwater crocodile : they were intensely hunted for their skin for production of reptile print bags and shoes.

• Indian peafowl : are mainly threatened due to excessive hunting to obtain “ perfect “ peacock feathers and also by rural people as peacocks eat right away from the trees grown. .

.• • • • • • Other endangered species include: Indian Cobra Chital Lion tailed macaque Black kite and Red panda .

along buffer zones • that are open to • some economic • uses.Bio Reserves in India • The Indian government has established eighteen Biosphere Reserves of India which protect larger areas • of natural habitat and often include one or more • National Parks • and/or preserves. but also to • the human communities who inhabit these regions. Protection is granted not only to • the flora and fauna • of the protected • region. and their ways of life. The Bioreserves in India are: AchanakmarAmarkantak Kachchh Kangchenjunga Manas Nanda Devi The Nilgiris Nokrek Pachmarhi Simlipal Sundarbans Cold desert • • • • • • • seshachalam hills Panna Agasthyamalai Dibru Saikhowa Dihang Dibang Great Nicobar Gulf of Mannar .

• Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve • Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve • Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve • Nokrek National Park • Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve • Simlipal National Park • Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve • Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve . based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) list.• Eight of the eighteen biosphere reserves are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves.

GULF OF MANNAR LOCATION : TAMIL NADU .

Nanda Devi Location : Uttrakhand .

Nilgiri Location : KeralaKarnataka-Tamil Nadu .

Nokrek Location : Meghalaya .

Pachmarhi Location : Madhya Pradesh .

Simlipal Location : Odisha .

Sunderbans Location : West Bengal .

AchanakmarAmarkantak .

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