Historical Background of I/O Psychology


Overview: Industrial/ Organizational (I/O) Psychology What is I/O Psychology? I/O Psychology as a Career 2 .

What is I/O psychology? The application of psychological principles to the workplace (anywhere people work) Help people do their jobs help employers treat employees fairly  help make jobs more interesting and satisfying  help workers be more productive  3 Prepared by the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology .SIOP © 1998 .

What is I/O psychology? Treat employees fairly Treat people from diverse backgrounds fairly select people for jobs  provide training  reward promotions/raises  address harassment  4 Prepared by the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology .SIOP © 1998 .

SIOP © 1998 .What is I/O psychology? Make jobs more interesting/satisfying Design jobs people will find satisfying rewarding work  safe. efficient work areas (Human Factors)  Motivate employees to perform Create teams that work well together  combine diverse talents and perspectives 5 Prepared by the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology .

What is I/O psychology? Help workers be more productive Design work patterns that enhance efficiency Provide skills training and development Help to meet the challenges of competition Move past downsizing 6 Prepared by the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology .SIOP © 1998 .

I/O psychology uses scientific methodology to research and advance knowledge about people at work And as a PRACTICE.I/O Psychology: Science and Practice As a SCIENCE. I/O psychology is a profession concerned with the application of psychological knowledge to solve real-life problems in the world of work 7 .

The average employee quits after three months. Science: Turnover Theories Past Empirical Studies Practitioner: Create Plan 8 .Science and Practice Scientist-Practitioner Model: Interaction of scientific knowledge and application A call center has a three week training program Problem for new employees.

I/O Psychology Organizational Psychology is part of a broader field of Industrial/Organizational Psychology. Industrial/Organizational Psychology Industrial Recruitment Selection Classification Compensation Performance Appraisal Training Organizational Socialization Motivation Occupational Stress Leadership Group Performance Organizational Development 9 .

perception.  10 . etc.I/O Psychology ENGINEERING PSYCHOLOGY/HUMAN FACTORS Person-machine systems  Working conditions  Equipment. and machine design and function in recognition of operator limitations in strength. tool. reaction-time.

negotiation & bargaining  11 .I/O Psychology INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS Labor-union relations  Employee/employer relations  Cooperation & conflict resolution  Arbitration.

and retirement CONSUMER PSYCHOLOGY Consumer choice and preference for products  Purchasing behavior & decision making  12 .I/O Psychology VOCATIONAL & CAREER COUNSELING  Career choice. change.

Overview: Professional Life of the I/O Psychologist Activities and work settings of I/O psychologists Employment in I/O psychology (salary surveys) Training for I/O psychology Professional involvement of I/O psychologists Licensure 13 .

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Where do I/O Psychologists Work? Dual orientation (science & practice) reflected in principal work settings of I/O psychologists Universities (37%) Consulting firms (38%) Industry (18%) Gov't (7%) 15 .

000 16 .000  Ph.D.I/O Psychologists’ Salaries Median Salaries for 2000  MA/MS: $67.: $90.

. Management. Personnel Research. VP of . Industrial Relations Staff member. Manager. .Common Job Titles for I/O Psychologists Professor of . Personnel Development. Psychology. Dir. Training. OD. Management Development. Affirmative Action Management Consultant 17 . Employee Relations. HR. Personnel. . Organizational Planning. . Organizational Behavior.

org) Society for Industrial/Organizational Psychology (SIOP: www.apa.shrm.org) Academy of Management (AoM: www.pace.edu) Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM: www.Professional Associations related to I/O Psychology American Psychological Association (APA: www.siop.org) 18 .org) American Society for Training and Development (ASTD: www.astd. aom.

Licensure for I/O Psychologists Licensure requirements vary by state SIOP’s policy – recognize the requirement and offer guidance SIOP’s Guidelines for the Education and Training of I/O Psychologists Organizational requirements for licensure 19 .

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