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GSM BASED HOME SECURITY SYSTEM (Lovely Professional University )

By : Amarjeet Singh Pranjit Bhattacharya Rajpreet Kaur Dilip Chaurasia

INTRODUCTION

Idea of comfortable living . Intelligent Homes fully automated .

Users take advantage of technology.


Provide extra layer of security . Sensors based system IR , Temperature

BLOCK DIAGRAM

COMPONENTS USED

AT 89S52 MICROCONTROLLER PCB BOARD

TRANSFORMER 12V / 500mA


SENSORS GSM MODEM IC MAX 232

AT89S52 MICROCONTROLLER

4K Bytes of Flash Memory (ROM). 32 Input / Output Lines .

16 Bit timers .
128 bytes on chip data memory (RAM). 3 internal and 2 external interrupts.

PIN DIAGRAM

PCB BOARD

Defines the electrical pathways . Provide Mechanical support .

Electrically connect Electrical components .


Inexpensive and highly reliable . PCB- Design ,Quality control Standards published by IPC (Inter Process Communication ).

TYPES OF LAYERS

Signal Layers tracks represent copper placing. Internal Layers used for power planes . Mechanical Layers provide drill and cut out guides . Solid mask Layer green coating on PCB Board. Multi- Layer way of adding object .

GSM MODEM

Global System for Mobile Communications . Digital circuit switched network .

Full Duplex voice telephony .


Packet data transport via GPRS and EDGE . One end Wired connection ,Other end RF antenna . Communicate with GSM Network via SIM .

GSM SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

PSTN MS ISDN

DATA NETWOR KS

Base station Subsystem

Network Switching Subsystem

Public Networks

MOBILE STATION ( MS )

Consist of Mobile Equipment and SIM . Transmit and receive Voice and Data . Frequency and Time synchronization . Receive, store, send SMS up to 160 characters. MS identified by unique IMEI .
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BASE TRANSCEIVER STATION (BTS)


Signal processing . Synchronization .

Signal Link Management .


Local Maintenance Handling . Functional supervision and Testing .

MOBILE SWITCHING CENTRE ( MSC )


Switcing and call routing .


Communication with HLR.

Communication with VLR.


Control of connected BSCs.

Service provisioning .
Communication with other MSCs.

VISITOR LOCATION REGISTER ( VLR )


Contains data of mobiles roaming in its area. VLR assigns TMSI which keeps on changing .

HOME LOCATION REGISTER ( HLR )


Store subscribers parameters, numbers, authentication . Roaming restriction Allowed or Not .

EQUIPMENT IDENTITY REGISTER ( EIR )


Stores IMEI - Registered mobile equipments . Consists White , Black and Grey List .

AUTHENTICATION CENTER (AUC)


To authenticate subscribers to use Network . Connected to HLR and provide authentication.

GSM SERVICES AND FEATURES


Uses radio frequency efficiently. Quality of speech better than analog phones . Allows the data to be encrypted . Supports new services - ISDN. Provider services Roaming , SMS . Telephone Services Calling , Videotex , teletex etc.

AT COMMANDS

RS-232
Standard for transfer of characters across copper wire Produced by EIA Full name is RS-232-C RS-232 defines serial, asynchronous communication Serial - bits are encoded and transmitted one at a time (as opposed to parallel transmission) Asynchronous - characters can be sent at any time and bits are not individually synchronized

IC MAX 232

Used for Serial Communication . Basically a Voltage Level Converter . Used to convert the TTL/CMOS logic levels to RS232 logic levels. Receiver converts RS232 inputs to 5V TTL/CMOS levels. Transmitter convert the TTL/CMOS input level into RS232 level ( 25 V to + 25V ).

RS-232 specification
The mechanical specifications for the RS-232 interface specifies a cable with two connectors. The standard RS-232 cable is sheath, containing 25 wires with a DB25Pcompatible male connector (plug) on one end & a DB25S-compatible female connector on the other end. There is also a special PC nine-pin version of the RS-232 interface cable with DB9P-male & DB9S-female connectors.

PIN DIAGRAM OF IC MAX232

SERIAL COMMUNICATION

INFRA RED SENSORS

Electronic sensor -measures IR light radiating from objects Detect abrupt changes in Temp. at a given point. To check if something obstructs the path or not Detect abrupt changes in Temp. at a given point. Rise Room Temperature to Body Temperature. Op-am in output terminal to amplify signals and to convert analog signal into digital .

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM OF IR SENSORS

TEMPERATURE SENSORS

Output voltage proportional to Celsius temperature. Measure temperature accurately than a thermistor. Sensor circuitry sealed and not subject to oxidation. The scale factor is .01V/oC. Draws only 60 micro amps from supply . Possesses a low self-heating capability .

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM OF LM35

GAS SENSOR

Detects presence of various gases within area. Detect combustible, flammable and toxic gases. Detect a gas leak and interface with a control system. Electrochemical sensors to detect carbon monoxide, chlorine and nitrogen oxides . Metal Oxide Semiconductors -detecting toxic gases

CONCLUSION
Low cost , Secure , Auto-configurable. More level can be further developed (a). Smoke detection (b). Glass breaking detection (c). Motion detection Target to control Home appliances. Not prone to Electric Failure . GSM Technology provide Home security.

Thank you..