A subsidiary of Composite Technology Corporation Irvine, California

INNOVATIVE CONDUCTOR SOLUTIONS FOR POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS

Introducing the CTC Cable Solution .ACCC ACCC (Aluminum Conductor Composite Core) Conductor A novel cable design using proven advanced materials  Increases capacity  Improves reliability of a grid system  Improves the safety of any power grid Core incorporates high-strength carbon and glass fibers with special polymers to create a cable that:  Virtually eliminates thermal sag Copyright 2005 Composite Technology Corporation. . All rights reserved.

. All rights reserved.ACCC Provides up to 100% increase in ampacity Has higher conductivity Significantly reduces elevated temperature sag Exhibits excellent self-dampening characteristics Reduced sag and high-strength core allows greater spans (reduces number of structures or reducing height requirements) Non-metallic core eliminates bi-metallic corrosion Can replace ACSR without modifying structures due to it’s similar weight and tension properties Copyright 2005 Composite Technology Corporation.The CTC Cable Solution .

. All rights reserved.ACCC Cable Solutions for the Transmission Grid The ACCC Cable Provides Solutions for the Following:  Increased power demand  Aging transmission grid  Increasing number of constrained lines  Increased blackout potential  Difficulties in obtaining new pathway approvals  Limited incentives for investment in the grid  Increasing environmental concerns  Regulatory constraints Copyright 2005 Composite Technology Corporation.

ACCC Design Features ACCC’s Design is Stronger.6 kcmil ACCC/TW eg 1020 kcmil Compared to conventional conductors of the same diameter:  CTC’s ACCC core is lighter and stronger than steel  The ACCC cable has 28% more aluminum for increased conductivity  The ACCC cable uses trapezoidal-shaped aluminum wires and smaller diameter core to increase the kcmil rating Copyright 2005 Composite Technology Corporation. . All rights reserved. Lighter and More Efficient concentric round eg 795 kcmil conventional TW eg 959.

5 inches at 183°C ACSR cable: 60. All rights reserved.3 inches at 240°C Demonstrating Sag Advantage Kinetrics facility. . Toronto. shows the cable exhibiting very little sag ACCC operated 57° cooler than ACSR with identical current ACCC cable: 4. Nov. 2003 Copyright 2005 Composite Technology Corporation.ACCC – Superior High-Temp Performance ACCC Has Very Low Thermal Expansion Coefficient  Testing at temperatures approaching 200 degrees C.

High Temperature Sag Comparison ACCC’s Exceptional High Temperature.Sag Profile (@ enhanced amp rating) Comparison Conductors (Drake ACSR) Drake ACSS MS Drake ACSS MS TW Suwannee MS Drake ACCC TW ACCC Conductor -----------------.1000 ft Ruling Span* ------------------ 32 ft sag limit Copyright 2005 Composite Technology Corporation. . Low Sag Capability 1500 AMP . All rights reserved.

.Lower I2R Power Losses ACCC Has Lowest I2R Power Losses ACCC’s greater aluminum content enables higher conductivity and lower resistance properties. I R Conductor Power Loss (kW/mile) 500 DRAKE ACSR 2 KiloWatt/mile (per conductor) 400 DRAKE ACSS 300 200 100 0 Operation at 1500 Amps DRAKE ACSS/TW SUWANNEE ACSS/TW DRAKE ACCC/TW Comparison Conductors Copyright 2005 Composite Technology Corporation. All rights reserved. lowering I2R power losses.

0255 0.0360 992 1 221 1 798 27.1 34 0.500 0.7 6 A C C R (3M ) 0.0 0 0 0 .596 1 58.22 28.0 16 5 0 .408 20.021 4 0.08 33.0 0 0 1.1 5 30.1 08 31 .0369 908 1 1 23 --- 32.10 8 4 1.0208 0.0263 0. .1 08 25.ACCC-ACCR-ACSS-ACSR Comparison D R A KE C O M P A R IS O N (T YP E) KCM IL Rating (area) Overall Diameter (inches) Rated Strength (po unds) Co re Diameter (inches) Co re Rated Strength Co re Tensile Strength (psi) Co re Thermal Expansio n Co re Stiffness (mo dulus) Co re Flexural Strength A C C C (C T C ) 10 2 0 1.900 0.5 8 2 4 .4 5 2 4 .836 1 29.000 1 2 x1 0 ^-6 29 M si n/a A C SR 795 1 .000 3.1 08 31 .3 7 4 3 8 .41 0 1 8.5 x 10 ^ .07 33.6 16 M s i 6 2 3 M pa A C C R (3M ) 795 1 .556 1 42.0209 0. All rights reserved.37 --- *** Go verning sag co nditio n is equal tensio n set to 5670 po unds at 60 deg F Copyright 2005 Composite Technology Corporation.408 1 6.4 38.0257 0.3 x 1 0 ^ -6 32 M si n/a A C SS 795 1 .0 2 9 1 10 2 5 12 6 5 18 6 3 2 4 .0 2 0 6 0 .0363 896 1 1 03 1 662 32.43 A C SR 0.000 FOOT SP A N *** 75 C (degrees) 1 00 C (degrees) 200 C (degrees) A C C C (C T C ) 0 .0 0 0 3 4 8 .45 A C SS 0.000 1 2 x1 0 ^ -6 29 M si n/a D R A KE C O M P A R IS O N (T YP E) RESISTA NCE VA LUES DC 20 DEG C (o hms/kft) A C 75 DEG C (o hms/kft) A C 200 DEG C (o hms/kft) 75 C (degrees) A M P A CITY RA TINGS 1 00 C (degrees) 200 C (degrees) SA G A T 1 .

12/04 Arizona Public Svc. Installations to date. CO. TX. include: EPRI Solutions Haslet. 8/04 Holland BOPW Holland. . 3/05 Xcel Energy Denver.ACCC Installation Overview ACCC Installations Use Conventional Methods and Tools A unique wedge assembly crimped inside the aluminum housing. NY. AZ. Phoenix. 5/05 Copyright 2005 Composite Technology Corporation. 8/04 Niagara Mohawk Buffalo. KS. MI. TX. All rights reserved. 12/04 Austin Energy Austin. 11/04 City of Kingman Kingman. assures long-term reliable performance.

• Stress / Strain • Creep • Thermal elongation and sag • Self dampening • Connector interface • Axial impact • Torsional ductility • Flexural strength • Environmental degradation • Electrical resistivity • Conductivity • Power loss • Impedance • EMF/Corona • Sheave • Thermal expansion • Fatigue • Notched impact Copyright 2005 Composite Technology Corporation. All rights reserved.ACCC Comprehensive Testing ACCC Establishes Performance Leadership Through Testing On-going testing and analysis will continue to ensure ACCC performance leadership. .

achieving a minimum of 95% of the ASTM rated strength of the ACCC conductor. All rights reserved. . deadends and accessories  Accessories marketed world-wide All CTC accessories are designed for full tension use.CTC and FCI Burndy Team for Accessories Team Designs and Manufactures Hardware for ACCC  CTC produces core  FCI/Burndy produces splices. Copyright 2005 Composite Technology Corporation.

Sag @ 125°C (257°F) Ampacity = 1450amps After extensive analysis and empirical testing.ACCC in PLS CADD Design Tool Power Line Designers Can Now Use ACCC in PLS-CADD DRAKE ACSR Tension = 5600 lbs. ACCC’s electrical and mechanical characteristics have been included in the PLS CADD design tool Copyright 2005 Composite Technology Corporation. . Sag @ 50°C (122°F) Ampacity = 590 amps DRAKE ACCC Tension = 3600 lbs. All rights reserved.

PLAT . mechanical and electrical advantages of ACCC  The most comprehensive comparative line analysis tool in the industry  Illustrates that ACCC is the most cost-effective and reliable solution for increased power delivery  P.104. is available at: http://65. .New Power Line Analysis Tool by CTC  Showcases CTC’s innovative technology vs. conventional commodity products  Designed for utility executives and planning engineers to understand the increased financial.5/PowerLineAnalysisTool/ Copyright 2005 Composite Technology Corporation.L.111.A. All rights reserved.T.

ACCC Conductor Economic Benefit Summary Confirm Economic and Performance Benefits for Each Line with CTC’s PLAT  Reduction in congestion cost  Revenue potential while reducing rates to consumers  Growth long after traditional solutions have reached maximum output  Increased daily power throughput Copyright 2005 Composite Technology Corporation. . All rights reserved.

All rights reserved.History of the ACCC Conductor  CTC began ACCC conductor development in 2001  CTC composite conductor core testing initiated 2003  General Cable begins wrapping aluminum wire around CTC’s core to produce ACCC/TW conductor in 2003  FCI/Burndy strategic relationship formed in 2004  CTC Cable Corporation subsidiary begins commercial production in 2004 Copyright 2005 Composite Technology Corporation. .

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