Early Writing: - Sentence Building - Paragraph Writing

Prepared by : PISMP TESL 1 SEM 4 Akashah bin Osman Chai Xiao Ling Hema a/p Sriranga Pillai Ng Pin Ting Ong Pei Shan

Important information includes the various components of the car (parts of speech in writing) how these components function together (the rules of grammar)  what is needed to keep the car moving along. Effective writing requires a sound understanding of the mechanics of good writing. stopping and starting in the right places. a child begins to develop basic understanding of the mechanics of writing. and pausing whenever it is necessary (punctuation) . A useful analogy in thinking about the mechanics of writing is that of driving a car.Early Writing • During this stage of writing.

create an awareness and develop a deeper understanding of the various forms and functions of writing .Sentence construction and paragraph writing An integral part of writing is the ability to construct sentences and paragraphs. examples birthday card to daddy. writing shopping lists. copying food labels • give children insights into writing . thank you card to grandma.create opportunities for children to write. The main principles in teaching children to write are : • provide meaningful context for writing . It is important for a teacher or parent to teach child to write using systematic methods and various activities.

. Subsequently a new tree was planted to replace the old tree. grandparents.reading aloud and participatory reading of stories provide rich resources for children to develop ideas to write as well as increasing their vocabulary range. parents) need to set aside time and take the effort to read to children. Adults (teachers.encourage the desire to put their thoughts into writing for example. a child writes a simple poem expressing his sadness that the local council has cut down his favourite tree in the park .create in them the curiosity to know the consequences of their writing for example the above child’s poem gets published in the local press resulting in an explanation by the council that the tree was old and termite-infested .• develop children’s curiosity and thinking skills . • read to children . therefore it was cut down.

the topic of the sentence) a predicate (what is said about the subject) • Look at this simple example: • <----.sentence ----->subject +predicate +verb You speak English.What is a sentence? • A sentence is a set of words that contain: a subject (what the sentence is about. .

a declarative sentence will avoid any special emotional impact. used sparingly. a short simple sentence will grab a reader's attention. will jolt the reader. an exclamatory sentence. a good writer uses different types of sentences in different situations: a long complex sentence will show what information depends on what other information.Why Sentence Structure Matters? • • • • • • • Just as a good driver uses different gears. . an interrogative sentence will force the reader to think about what you are writing. a compound sentence will emphasize balance and parallelism. and an imperative sentence will make it clear that you want the reader to act right away.

 The ice on the river melts quickly under the warm March sun. and it remains by far the most common sentence in the spoken language of people of all ages. • It is the first kind which children learn to speak. the ice on the river melts quickly under the warm March sun. .  The ice melts quickly. which contains only one clause.  Melt!  Ice melts.  Lying exposed without its blanket of snow.The Simple Sentence • The most basic type of sentence is the simple sentence.

Simple: Canada is a rich country. Simple: Still. Compound: Canada is a rich country. and he showed it to the class. • Small children learn to use them early on to connect their ideas and to avoid pausing (and allowing an adult to interrupt): Eg: Today at school Mr.. and it ate part of my carrot at lunch. and . or. . and we coloured pictures of it. but. and Kate held it.The Compound Sentence • A compound sentence consists of two or more independent clauses(or simple sentences) joined by co-ordinating conjunctions like for. it has many poor people. but still it has many poor people. nor. (FANBOYS). and.. Moore brought in his pet rabbit. so. yet. and I got to pet it.

since. Simple: My friend invited me to a party. Complex : Although my friend invited me to a party. or when or a relative pronoun such as that. • A complex sentence always has a subordinator such as because.The Complex Sentence • A complex sentence contains one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. or which. but I do not want to go. although. I do not want to go. after. I do not want to go. Compound: My friend invited me to a party. • A complex sentence contains clauses which are not equal. who. .

• Children mistakenly use sentence fragments in their writing because that is how people commonly speak. .• Teaching children to write sentences can be difficult because of the abstract concept of the two parts of a sentence – the subject and predicate. • Modeling proper sentence structure and activities that help students understand necessary parts of a sentence will teach children to write them correctly.

If it’s a sentence. They learn that sentences express a complete idea. The teacher then reads phrases aloud.Exercise: Sentence or not a sentence? • One of the first things I try to teach my students is to recognize sentences. they must raise the other card. If it’s not a sentence. • Have each student make two cards (one will say SENTENCE and the other will say NOT A SENTENCE). the children must raise the correct card. .

What is a paragraph? • A paragraph is a series of sentences that are about one topic. and • a clincher(summarizes the main ideas or feelings in a paragraph and lets the reader know when the paragraph is done). . • supporting ideas(Details give writing flavor). • A paragraph is made up of three parts: a topic sentence(expresses the main idea of the paragraph).

Hamburger Paragraph Writing • The top bun is your topic sentence. • What is in between are the details supporting the topic sentence (thesis). and burger are an example or examples to support each detail. and the bottom bun is your concluding sentence. and • whatever comes after the lettuce. . tomato.

blogspot.uottawa.pdf • http://www.ca/hypergram mar/paragrph.edu/englishdept/wtg-perfectparagraph.writingcentre.References • http://tpfox.powermediaplus.html • http://www.html • http://www.html .com/2013/03/hamburgerparagraph-writing.nacc.com/furtherlearnin g/pdfs/cl958-03cvxws.ca/hypergram mar/bldsent.htm • http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.

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