You are on page 1of 20

Road Traffic Injury

Presented by:
Prakash Budha Pralish Joshi Pratik Man Shrestha Pratik Shrestha Prativa Subedi Pravina Tamang

Introduction

Road traffic injury results from a motor vehicle crash. Involving a vehicle on the public roads. Resulting in injury to the occupants of vehicles, pedestrians or any other animals.

Purpose

Present the clear picture of road traffic accidents in Nepal. Trend of road accidents in these recent years. Effects of road accident in life of people.

Limitation

Time Limitation Financial Limitation Area Limitation Electricity Limitation

Methodology

Primary sources: Since our data are based on secondary sources, there is no primary Source of data collection. Secondary sources:
National Census Sample Survey conducted by Central Bureau of Statistics Records of Nepal Police, and Transport Management Office Medico legal Centers Reports sources of local newspapers and published reports, articles.

Causes of road accidents

Narrow road Increasing Vehicles Ignoring traffic rules Increase in corruption Civic sense Attitude of the Youngsters

Effects of road accidents

Injuries Untimely demise Lack of health facilities Familys economy Tension to the family

Ignoring traffic rules

Increasing Corruption

Increasing vehicles

Youngsters attitude

Narrow road

Civic sense

CAUSES EFFECTS

Injuries

Lack of health facility

Untimely demise

Familys economy

Tension to the family

Some Facts about accidents in 1999

Most people involved in accidents were found to be from the age group 20-29 i.e. 28.6%. Laborers were the largest group (27.6%) followed by students(24.1%) Most Road accidents occurred in the month of July (14.5%) Most accidents occurred in Sundays(30.5%)

Contd

16.9% drivers, have consumed alcohol 2-3 hours prior to accident. 31.4% of the road accidents involved buses, 12.3% involved trucks and 11.3% involved bicycles.

Road deaths
1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0

Some other facts

Fiscal year Road Accidents

Road Accidents

19 93 / 19 94 94 / 19 95 95 / 19 96 96 / 19 97 97 /9 19 8 98 19 /9 99 9 /2 0 20 00 00 / 20 01 01 / 20 02 02 /0 3

Number of Deaths

140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0

Trend of road accidents

Fiscal Year

19 81 / 19 82 83 / 19 84 85 / 19 86 87 / 19 88 89 / 19 90 91 / 19 92 93 / 19 94 95 / 19 96 9 19 7/9 99 8 /2 0 20 00 01 /0 2

Series1

800 700
No. of Casualty

600 500 400 300 200 100 0 Killed female pedestrian Killed male pedestrian Injured female pedestrian Injured male pedestrian

1000 900 800


Number of Deaths

700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 0-14 15-65 Age 65+ Male Female

Cause

Deaths

Injury

Excessive speed

146

156

Driving Carelessly

311

1330

Fall from vehicles

41

36

Crossing road without care

18

37

Brake Problems

20

109

Tyres and wheels

12

16

Moving off the road

13

19

Overtaking improperly

22

Road Safety Practices in Nepal


Existing rules and regulations mandatory vehicle registration and subsequent renewals, licensing obligations, penalties for violators, road permit.
This act also mentions about vehicle speed, provision of traffic signs and signals, use of seat belts and helmets, banning of consumption of alcoholic substances by the drivers, insurance of the occupants etc. There are several possible improvements such as setting speed limits, setting level of blood alcohol concentration, issues related to child passengers safety, school children safety, the mandatory insurance of the drivers, and vehicles and more.

Contd

Current practices and strategies awareness program Traffic Week Different CommitteesNational Transportation Safety Committee Transport Management Committee Transportation Safety Management Monitoring Committee

Summary

Road traffic injuries have been an increasing cause of mortality, morbidity worldwide. Injury resulted from road traffic crashes accounts 2.1% of all global deaths every year.

Conclusion

Pedestrians, bicycles, riskshaws, carts and motorcyclists in Nepal carry the largest burden of road traffic death and serious Injury. Reducing the risks of the road traffic injuries requires commitment and informed decisionmaking by government, industries and nongovernmental agencies Participation from many different disciplines, such as road engineers, motor vehicle designer, law enforcement officers and health professionals and community groups.

Recommendations

Role of the Government institutional development Policy, legislation and enforcement Role of Public health Role of donors/International Agencies Role of NGOs, Communities, and Individuals