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Born Residence Nationality Field ~ 300 BC Alexandria. Egypt Greek Mathematics Known for Died Euclid's Elements ~ 260 BC .
Known as : Euclid of Alexandria the Father of Geometry Father’s name : Naucrates Grandfather’s name: Zenarchus Race : Greek Place of Birth : Tyre Live : Damascus and Alexandria Era :the Hellenistic period .
Ptolemy I invited him to teach in his university at Alexandria in Egypt which also known as The Alexandria library or “museum” There. Euclid founded his school of mathematics.Served in the Egyptian army. At this school he tutored such people as Archimedes .one of the greatest mathematician . until he was send back to Alexandria at age 24 He first studied under the great philosopher Plato in Athens Later.
kind Willing to help Often prove things systematic .
and and it is from this the circle and postulate. its lineradius can be drawn through a point parallel to a Euclid's geometry given line – was one of construction .The parallel Central tostates Euclid's postulate portrait isand a circle that one. elements what has to come to Euclid's be known as constructions "Euclidean geometry" proceeds . and on radius werethat central this basis. only with one.
The diagram accompanies Proposition 5 of Book II of the Elements .Wrote a book entitled “Elements” Consists of 13 volumes Explore many different aspects of geometry and mathematics Also written by various mathematicians But Euclid was the first to compile all of these into one giant work A fragment of Euclid's Elements found at Oxyrhynchus. which is dated to circa 100 AD.
theorems. and Pithagoras demonstrated logically 467 propositions in plane and solid geometry One of the proofs was for the theorem of Pythagoras. and set Right Triangle Began with accepted mathematical truths. axioms andTheorem postulates. axioms. proving that the equation is always true for every right triangle .Organized the known geometrical ideas.
Used the "synthetic approach" to present his theorems one progresses in a series of logical steps from the known to the unknown. Euclid proved that it is impossible to find the "largest prime number“ Euclid's proof for this theorem is generally accepted as one of the "classic" proofs .
which he called "postulates.Mathematicians since Euclid have attempted without success to find a pattern to the sequence of prime numbers Euclid believed that we can't be sure of any axioms (statements that are accepted as true) without proof." into two groups of five . so he devised logical steps to prove them Euclid divided his ten axioms.
the remainders are equal Things which coincide with one another are equal to one another The whole is greater than the part . the sums are equal If equals are subtracted from equals.Common Notions Things which are equal to the same thing are also equal to one another If equals are added to equals.
draw only one line through the point that is parallel to the first line .The remaining five postulates were related specifically to geometry: Draw a straight line between any two points Extend the line indefinitely Draw a circle using any line segment as the radius and one end point as the center All right angles are equal Given a line and a point.
Wrote many other books :His "On Divisions" deals with contraction and dividing figures into different parts. "Optics" talks about perspective "Phaenomena" which discusses astronomy .
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. parallel to another line For years this was accepted as fact. Euclid has lost much of the status There are holes in his work The most notable being his 5th postulate. passing through a given point.Today. which causes some modern day mathematicians and scientists to doubt him Euclid„s fifth postulate says that there is one and only one line. however no one could prove it In the 19th century people chose to disregard Euclid's 5th and create "hyperbolic geometry" in which there can be many different parallel lines through one point to any given line.
Euclid has lost much status in the eyes of many prominent mathematicians He is still referred to as "The Father of Geometry." however.From there. because of the holes in his 5th postulate and in other areas of his work. all of which had different rules regarding parallel lines differently Thus. many different "non-Euclidean geometries" sprouted up. doubt arises about how much of Euclid's work was actually his .
or Book of Fallacies Surface Loci .In addition to the Elements. five works of Euclid have survived to the present day: Data deals On Divisions of Figures Optics Catoptrics There are four works credibly attributed to Euclid which have been lost Conics Porisms Pseudaria.
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