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WASTE.

IS NOT TO WASTE

TYPES OF WASTES
Municipal Solid Wastes MSW
Paper Plastic Kitchen Waste

E wastes Radioactive Wastes

A NEED TO RECYCLE, REDUSE , AND REUSE

The Waste Management Hierarchy

A NEED TO RECYCLE
WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO RECYCLE? WHY SHOULD WE REUSE ITEMS?

WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO REDUCE?


WHY SHOULD WE RECYCLE? HOW CAN WE HELP?

WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO RECYCLE?

RECYCLING MEANS TO USE MATERIALS AGAIN TO MAKE SOMETHING NEW!

WHY SHOULD WE REUSE ITEMS?


PRODUCTS THAT STAY USEFUL REDUCE THE DEMAND FOR NEW PRODUCTS

REUSING ITEMS ALSO EXTEND THE PRODUCTS NEED TO BE RECYCLED OR THROWED AWAY

How we can reuse items?


Reuse products for the same purpose. Save paper and plastic bags, and repair broken appliances, furniture and toys. Reuse products in different ways. Use a coffee can to pack a lunch; use plastic microwave dinner trays as picnic dishes. Sell old clothes, appliances, toys, and furniture in garage sales or ads, or donate them to charities.

WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO REDUCE?


REDUCTION MEANS TO MAKE SOMETHING SMALLER USE SOMETHING LESS OFTEN

How can we reduce the waste?


Buy products in bulk. Larger, economy-size products or ones in concentrated form use less packaging and usually cost less per ounce. Avoid over-packaged goods, especially ones packed with several materials such as foil, paper, and plastic. They are difficult to recycle, plus you pay more for the package.

Buy durable goods - ones that are well-built or that carry good warranties. They will last longer, save money in the long run and save landfill space. At work, make two-sided copies when ever possible

Where does it go?


Much of our garbage ends up in landfills. Sometimes the garbage is taken to an Incinerator where it is burned.

HOW CAN WE HELP?


We can help by learning more about and Practicing the three Rs of management: Reduce, reuse, and recycle.

Cans and bottles Cans include steel and aluminum cans such as soup, tuna fish, vegetables, and beverage containers. Bottles include both glass and plastic. Shampoo, cooking oil, milk jugs, laundry detergent, soda and water. Recycle any plastic container with a 1 or 2 on the bottom!

Just remember: If it tears, its recyclable!!!


Printer and copier paper of all colors, newspaper, magazines, cereal boxes, junk mail, file folders, notebooks and even pizza boxes (minus the left over pizza!) are all recyclable! Place them in any of the mixed paper containers in the halls. Break down/flatten your boxes and place them next to the mixed paper containers or place them in the large green dumpsters outside of your hall.

Traditional Residence Halls Look for blue recycling bins in the laundry rooms, floor lounges, elevator lobbies and first floor building lobbies. Paper and newspaper containers are in building lobbies and floor lounges. Suites/Apartments Exterior recycling containers are located adjacent to dumpsters. Newspaper and mixed paper containers are found in the Community Center.

Stack the nearly 19 billion steel cans recycled in 1996 end to end, and you would have a line stretching from here to the moon and back more than three times (based on a can height of 5 inches).

Americans use 2,500,000 plastic bottles every hour. Most of them are thrown away.

Five 2-liter recycled PET bottles provide enough fiberfill for a ski jacket.

Every year, we make enough plastic film to shrink-wrap the state of Texas.

Recycling plastic saves twice as much energy as burning it in an incinerator.

The amount of wood and paper we throw away each year is enough to heat 50,000,000 homes for 20 years. To produce each weeks Sunday newspapers, 500,000 trees must be cut down. If all our newspaper was recycled, we could save about 250,000,000 trees each year.

We throw away enough office paper annually to build a wall twelve feet high stretching from Los Angeles to New York City.

Every month, we throw out enough glass bottles and jars to fill up a giant skyscraper.
Glass can be recycled an infinite number of times.

Recycling one ton of glass saves the equivalent of 10 gallons of oil.

A modern glass bottle would take 4000 years or more to decompose and even longer if its in the landfill.

The energy saved from recycling one glass bottle will operate a 100-watt light bulb for four hours.

Did you know that the state of Maryland generated enough municipal solid waste in 2000 to build a wall 3ft. wide x 6ft. high and 3,839 miles long? That is long enough to go from Baltimore to Miami over 3.5 times.

More than 20,000,000 Hersheys Kisses are wrapped each day, using 133 square miles of tinfoil. All that foil is recyclable, but not many people realize it.

One-third of the water used in most homes is flushed down the toilet.

E- Waste
An Indian Perspective

E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

E-Waste
Electronic waste or e-waste is any broken or unwanted electrical or electronic appliance. E-waste includes computers, entertainment electronics, mobile phones and other items that have been E-WasteAn Indian discarded by their original Perspective users.

E-waste is growing waste problem in the world. It is a crisis of not quantity alone but also a crisis born from toxics ingredients, posing a threat to the occupational health as well as the environment. Rapid technology change, low initial cost, high obsolescence rate have resulted in a fast growing problem around the globe. Legal framework, proper collection system missing. Imports regularly coming to the recycling E-WasteAn Indian markets. Perspective Inhuman working conditions for recycling.

Problems the most rapidly

IT and telecom are two industries in the country.

E-Waste: Growth

fastest

growing

India, by 2008, should achieve a PC penetration of 65 per 1,000 from the existing 14 per 1,000 (MAIT) At present, India has 15 million computers. The target being 75 million computers by 2010.# Over 2 million old PCs ready for disposal in India. Life of a computer reduced from 7 years to 3-5 years . E-WasteAn Indian
Perspective

E-Waste: Growth
Over 75 million current mobile users, expected to increase to 200 million by 2007 end.* Memory devices, MP3 players, iPods etc. are the newer additions. Preliminary estimates suggest that total WEEE generation in India is approximately 1,46,000 tonnes per year. #

# Source: http://www.e-waste.in/about_/ * Source: Hindu


E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

E-Waste: Growth
Three categories of WEEE account for almost 90% of the generation:
Large Household appliances: 42.1% Information and communications: 33.9% technology equipment Consumer Electronics: E-Waste- An Indian 13.7%
Perspective

E-Waste: Main Sources


Imports;

Govt., public and private sector discards (over 70%);


PC retailers, manufacturers; Secondary market of old PCs; and Individual Households.

E-Waste- An Indian Perspective

Let Us Now Learn How Recycling Helps Sustainable Living

How Does Recycling Paper Affect the Environment?


Reduces Solid Waste Stream By diverting paper to recycling processing plants instead of landfills, recycling paper whenever possible helps waste processors avoid having to build new landfills.

Minimizes Global Warming Reducing the waste stream minimizes the releases of methane and other pollutants given off by decomposing materials in landfills.
Minimizes Cutting of Fresh Timber- whole trees and other plants make up one third of the raw products used for making paper. Reducing the need for fresh trees in making paper is thus an important benefit of paper recycling.

How Does Recycling Metal Help?


You can recycle steel, aluminum and other metals, such as copper, lead and brass. Steel is the most-often used metal in the world, with aluminum running second. Steel doesn't have a "memory," so it can be made into your car, then recycled into your child's wagon and then become another product. Aluminum is used for everything from aircraft to cans to consumer durables like fridges. Also, Recycling cuts the amount of material put into landfills

Recycling plastic for a healthy life


If we recycle properly, we reuse resources cutting demand for new materials recycling potentially can reduce pollution and greenhouse gases that damage or kill forests, oceans, and other life-sustaining ecosystems. recycling plastic bottles does not save trees as directly as recycling paper does, but it reduces acreage converted to landfills, saving forestland.

Recycling is a way of life


Once you make the right choice to recycle And stick to that everyday Recycling will become second nature- a way of Life.

The following pollutant does not contained exhaust emissions:

(A) Lead (B) Ammonia (C) Carbon Monoxide (D) Particular Matter

SPM stands for

(A) Suspended particles material (B) Standard particles matter (C) Suspended particulate matter (D) None of the above

Water has become a major problem in the world today. It has an adverse affect on both the environment and health. What are the main sources of water pollution in India?
(A) Municipal sewage (B) Bathing (C) Industrial discharge (D) All of the above

Garbage can be put under four categories: organic, toxic, soiled and recyclable. Of the organic waste, this forms and important part
(A) Vegetable peels (B) Plastic bags (C) Glass (D) Metal

Name the main element that is required to run a nuclear plant.


(A) Sodium (B) Arsenic (C) Carbon (D) Uranium

Following is the most widely discussed impact of climate change:


(A) Increase in average sea level (B) Deforestation (C) Soil erosion (D) Air Pollution

Which household appliance uses the most energy?

A) Refrigerator B) Toaster C) Dishwasher D) Washing machine

Which energy source produces the greatest amount of atmospheric carbon dioxide?
A) Natural gas B) Nuclear C) Oil D) Coal

What household appliance uses the second most amount of energy (the first is the refrigerator)?
A) Hair dryer B) Clothes Dryer C) Microwave D) Computer

What plant has been used to monitor air pollution?


A) Lichen B) Juniper C) Clover D) Strawberry

What type of sector uses the greatest amount of electricity? A) Commercial and industrial B) Restaurant and fast food C) Residential D) Institutional

The average automatic dishwasher uses litres of water for each cycle.
A) 10 B) 20 C) 30 D) 40

Composting can reduce your household waste by:


A) 10% B) 25% C) 50% D) 75%

Which of the following should not go into your personal back yard composter?
A) Egg shells B) Meat trimmings C) Apple cores D) Banana Peals

A plant or animal that is native to an area is called:


A) Nocturnal B) Exotic C) Indigenous D) Perennial

You can improve your gas mileage by about 3.3% by:


A) Having your windows open B) Keeping your tires inflated to the proper pressure C) Driving with the music on D) Keeping your car clean

The major cause of urban air pollution is:


A) Vehicle exhaust B) Smoke stacks C) Home chimneys D) Cigarette smoke

Automobile exhaust contributes to:


A) Ozone depletion B) Acid rain C) Global warming D) Smog E) All of the above

The amount of waste in landfills that could be recycled is about:


A) 20% B) 50% C) 40% D) 70%

What represents the greatest amount of household hazardous waste?


A) Batteries B) Solvents C) Paints D) Cleaners

Composting is one of the oldest forms of disposal of waste. It is the natural process of decomposition of organic waste. One of the following is added to the compost to get better results. (A) Ants (B) Bugs (C) Snakes (D) Worms

What was the first country to introduce a garbage collection system?


A) England B) Spain C) France D) U.S.A.

Which of these will not naturally decompose in nature?


A) Leather shoe B) Steel door C) Wood table D) Plastic bottle

What are the two main components of acid rain?

(A) Hydrochloric acid and nitric acid (B) Sulphuric acid and nitric acid (C) Phosphoric acid and sulphuric acid (D) None of the above

Which of these cups should never be used for drinking tea in offices?

(A) Ceramic cups (B) Paper cups (C) Thermacol cups (D) Stainless steel cups

Which of these contributes to global warming?


A) Car and truck exhaust emissions B) Industrial emissions C) Deforestation D) Incinerators E) All of these