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IS NOT TO WASTE
TYPES OF WASTES
Municipal Solid Wastes –MSW
– Paper – Plastic – Kitchen Waste
E wastes Radioactive Wastes
A NEED TO RECYCLE, REDUSE , AND REUSE
The Waste Management Hierarchy .
A NEED TO RECYCLE WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO RECYCLE? WHY SHOULD WE REUSE ITEMS? WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO REDUCE? WHY SHOULD WE RECYCLE? HOW CAN WE HELP? .
WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO RECYCLE? RECYCLING MEANS TO USE MATERIALS AGAIN TO MAKE SOMETHING NEW! .
WHY SHOULD WE REUSE ITEMS? PRODUCTS THAT STAY USEFUL REDUCE THE DEMAND FOR NEW PRODUCTS REUSING ITEMS ALSO EXTEND THE PRODUCTS NEED TO BE RECYCLED OR THROWED AWAY .
. Save paper and plastic bags. and furniture in garage sales or ads. furniture and toys. use plastic microwave dinner trays as picnic dishes.How we can reuse items? Reuse products for the same purpose. toys. appliances. Reuse products in different ways. Sell old clothes. or donate them to charities. Use a coffee can to pack a lunch. and repair broken appliances.
WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO REDUCE? REDUCTION MEANS TO MAKE SOMETHING SMALLER USE SOMETHING LESS OFTEN .
They are difficult to recycle. plus you pay more for the package. Larger.How can we reduce the waste? Buy products in bulk. especially ones packed with several materials such as foil.ones that are well-built or that carry good warranties. Avoid over-packaged goods. economy-size products or ones in concentrated form use less packaging and usually cost less per ounce. paper. They will last longer. Buy durable goods . At work. and plastic. make two-sided copies when ever possible . save money in the long run and save landfill space.
Where does it go? Much of our garbage ends up in landfills. . Sometimes the garbage is taken to an Incinerator where it is burned.
and recycle. .HOW CAN WE HELP? We can help by learning more about and Practicing the three “R”s of management: Reduce. reuse.
soda and water. cooking oil. milk jugs.Cans and bottles… Cans include steel and aluminum cans such as soup. tuna fish. Shampoo. laundry detergent. Recycle any plastic container with a 1 or 2 on the bottom! . vegetables. and beverage containers. Bottles include both glass and plastic.
cereal boxes. . Break down/flatten your boxes and place them next to the mixed paper containers or place them in the large green dumpsters outside of your hall. newspaper. Just remember: ”If it tears. magazines. junk mail. file folders. notebooks and even pizza boxes (minus the left over pizza!) are all recyclable! Place them in any of the mixed paper containers in the halls. it’s recyclable”!!! Printer and copier paper of all colors.
floor lounges.Traditional Residence Halls – Look for blue recycling bins in the laundry rooms. Suites/Apartments – Exterior recycling containers are located adjacent to dumpsters. Newspaper and mixed paper containers are found in the Community Center. Paper and newspaper containers are in building lobbies and floor lounges. . elevator lobbies and first floor building lobbies.
Stack the nearly 19 billion steel cans recycled in 1996 end to end, and you would have a line stretching from here to the moon and back more than three times (based on a can height of 5 inches).
Americans use 2,500,000 plastic bottles every hour. Most of them are thrown away.
Five 2-liter recycled PET bottles provide enough fiberfill for a ski jacket.
Every year, we make enough plastic film to shrink-wrap the state of Texas.
Recycling plastic saves twice as much energy as burning it in an incinerator.
The amount of wood and paper we throw away each year is enough to heat 50,000,000 homes for 20 years. To produce each week’s Sunday newspapers, 500,000 trees must be cut down. If all our newspaper was recycled, we could save about 250,000,000 trees each year.
We throw away enough office paper annually to build a wall twelve feet high stretching from Los Angeles to New York City.
A modern glass bottle would take 4000 years or more to decompose – and even longer if it’s in the landfill. we throw out enough glass bottles and jars to fill up a giant skyscraper.Every month. Glass can be recycled an infinite number of times. Recycling one ton of glass saves the equivalent of 10 gallons of oil. . The energy saved from recycling one glass bottle will operate a 100-watt light bulb for four hours.
All that foil is recyclable.000 Hershey’s Kisses are wrapped each day. wide x 6ft.839 miles long? That is long enough to go from Baltimore to Miami over 3. One-third of the water used in most homes is flushed down the toilet. using 133 square miles of tinfoil. but not many people realize it. .000.5 times. high and 3.Did you know that the state of Maryland generated enough municipal solid waste in 2000 to build a wall 3ft. More than 20.
Waste An Indian Perspective E-Waste.An Indian Perspective .E.
E-waste includes computers. entertainment electronics.E-Waste Electronic waste or e-waste is any broken or unwanted electrical or electronic appliance. . mobile phones and other items that have been E-WasteAn Indian discarded by their original Perspective users.
low initial cost. Problems the most rapidly . Rapid technology change. posing a threat to the occupational health as well as the environment. Legal framework. high obsolescence rate have resulted in a fast growing problem around the globe. E-waste is growing waste problem in the world. Imports regularly coming to the recycling E-WasteAn Indian markets. proper collection system missing. Perspective Inhuman working conditions for recycling. It is a crisis of not quantity alone but also a crisis born from toxics ingredients.
The target being 75 million computers by 2010. should achieve a PC penetration of 65 per 1.000 (MAIT) At present. E-Waste: Growth fastest growing India.000 from the existing 14 per 1. Life of a computer reduced from 7 years to 3-5 years . by 2008.# Over 2 million old PCs ready for disposal in India. India has 15 million computers. E-WasteAn Indian Perspective .IT and telecom are two industries in the country.
# # Source: http://www.* Memory devices.E-Waste: Growth Over 75 million current mobile users.e-waste. are the newer additions.in/about_/ * Source: Hindu E-Waste.46. iPods etc. MP3 players. Preliminary estimates suggest that total WEEE generation in India is approximately 1.An Indian Perspective . expected to increase to 200 million by 2007 end.000 tonnes per year.
1% Information and communications: 33.E-Waste: Growth Three categories of WEEE account for almost 90% of the generation: Large Household appliances: 42.9% technology equipment Consumer Electronics: E-Waste.7% Perspective .An Indian 13.
E-Waste: Main Sources Imports. E-Waste. Govt. Secondary market of old PCs..An Indian Perspective . and Individual Households. public and private sector discards (over 70%). PC retailers. manufacturers.
Let Us Now Learn How Recycling Helps Sustainable Living .
recycling paper whenever possible helps waste processors avoid having to build new landfills.How Does Recycling Paper Affect the Environment? • • Reduces Solid Waste Stream By diverting paper to recycling processing plants instead of landfills. Reducing the need for fresh trees in making paper is thus an important benefit of paper recycling. Minimizes Global Warming Reducing the waste stream minimizes the releases of methane and other pollutants given off by decomposing materials in landfills. Minimizes Cutting of Fresh Timber. .whole trees and other plants make up one third of the raw products used for making paper.
Also." so it can be made into your car. then recycled into your child's wagon and then become another product. Aluminum is used for everything from aircraft to cans to consumer durables like fridges. Steel is the most-often used metal in the world. aluminum and other metals.How Does Recycling Metal Help? You can recycle steel. Steel doesn't have a "memory. lead and brass. Recycling cuts the amount of material put into landfills . such as copper. with aluminum running second.
oceans. but it reduces acreage converted to landfills. . saving forestland.Recycling plastic for a healthy life If we recycle properly. and other life-sustaining ecosystems. we reuse resources cutting demand for new materials recycling potentially can reduce pollution and greenhouse gases that damage or kill forests. recycling plastic bottles does not save trees as directly as recycling paper does.
a way of Life. .Recycling is a way of life Once you make the right choice to recycle… And stick to that everyday… Recycling will become second nature.
The following pollutant does not contained exhaust emissions: (A) Lead (B) Ammonia (C) Carbon Monoxide (D) Particular Matter .
SPM stands for (A) Suspended particles material (B) Standard particles matter (C) Suspended particulate matter (D) None of the above .
Water has become a major problem in the world today. It has an adverse affect on both the environment and health. What are the main sources of water pollution in India? (A) Municipal sewage (B) Bathing (C) Industrial discharge (D) All of the above .
soiled and recyclable.Garbage can be put under four categories: organic. this forms and important part (A) Vegetable peels (B) Plastic bags (C) Glass (D) Metal . toxic. Of the organic waste.
Name the main element that is required to run a nuclear plant. (A) Sodium (B) Arsenic (C) Carbon (D) Uranium .
Following is the most widely discussed impact of climate change: (A) Increase in average sea level (B) Deforestation (C) Soil erosion (D) Air Pollution .
Which household appliance uses the most energy? A) Refrigerator B) Toaster C) Dishwasher D) Washing machine .
Which energy source produces the greatest amount of atmospheric carbon dioxide? A) Natural gas B) Nuclear C) Oil D) Coal .
What household appliance uses the second most amount of energy (the first is the refrigerator)? A) Hair dryer B) Clothes Dryer C) Microwave D) Computer .
What plant has been used to monitor air pollution? A) Lichen B) Juniper C) Clover D) Strawberry .
What type of sector uses the greatest amount of electricity? A) Commercial and industrial B) Restaurant and fast food C) Residential D) Institutional .
The average automatic dishwasher uses litres of water for each cycle. A) 10 B) 20 C) 30 D) 40 .
Composting can reduce your household waste by: A) 10% B) 25% C) 50% D) 75% .
Which of the following should not go into your personal back yard composter? A) Egg shells B) Meat trimmings C) Apple cores D) Banana Peals .
A plant or animal that is native to an area is called: A) Nocturnal B) Exotic C) Indigenous D) Perennial .
3% by: A) Having your windows open B) Keeping your tires inflated to the proper pressure C) Driving with the music on D) Keeping your car clean .You can improve your gas mileage by about 3.
The major cause of urban air pollution is: A) Vehicle exhaust B) Smoke stacks C) Home chimneys D) Cigarette smoke .
Automobile exhaust contributes to: A) Ozone depletion B) Acid rain C) Global warming D) Smog E) All of the above .
The amount of waste in landfills that could be recycled is about: A) 20% B) 50% C) 40% D) 70% .
What represents the greatest amount of household hazardous waste? A) Batteries B) Solvents C) Paints D) Cleaners .
(A) Ants (B) Bugs (C) Snakes (D) Worms . One of the following is added to the compost to get better results.Composting is one of the oldest forms of disposal of waste. It is the natural process of decomposition of organic waste.
.S.What was the first country to introduce a garbage collection system? A) England B) Spain C) France D) U.A.
Which of these will not naturally decompose in nature? A) Leather shoe B) Steel door C) Wood table D) Plastic bottle .
What are the two main components of acid rain? (A) Hydrochloric acid and nitric acid (B) Sulphuric acid and nitric acid (C) Phosphoric acid and sulphuric acid (D) None of the above .
Which of these cups should never be used for drinking tea in offices? (A) Ceramic cups (B) Paper cups (C) Thermacol cups (D) Stainless steel cups .
Which of these contributes to global warming? A) Car and truck exhaust emissions B) Industrial emissions C) Deforestation D) Incinerators E) All of these .