Electricity Spider | Series And Parallel Circuits | Electrical Network

# Definition

Symbol

Unit

Unit Symbol

Voltage
Current Charge Energy Resistance Power

Push on the electrons
Rate of flow of electrons Total number of charged particles Amount of energy given to a component How hard it is for electrons to flow How fast energy is transferred

V

Volts

V

• Safety Features: Double Insulation: Outer case is _____ so it will always be safe to touch. Insulation: _____ outside cable safe to touch Earthing: outside casing connected to _____ Circuit Breaker: Trips if too big a ____ flows Fuse: _____ if too big a ____ flows • Wiring a Plug: Fuse on the live Wire Green/Yellow: Earth Brown: ______ Blue: _______

Definitions Equations
Mnemonic Exercise Is Very tiring Peter is a Veggie QuIt Very Important Rabbits Equation E=IVt Units J=AVs

Electricity

Mains

• Hazards: Frayed Cables Damaged Plugs Water Don’t play with sockets Series Circuit Current Voltage Parallel Circuit

Series and Parallel Circuits

IV Graphs
Resistor
I V

Circuits
Diode
I Component Diode V Thermistor Function

Bulb
I V

Symbol

Only lets the current through one way Senses _____ (low ______ high _____)

LDR

Senses _____ (low ______ high _____)

Definition Symbol Unit Unit Symbol Voltage Current Charge Energy Resistance Power Push on the electrons Rate of flow of electrons Total number of charged particles Amount of energy given to a component How hard it is for electrons to flow How fast energy is transferred V I Q E R P Volts ampere coulomb joule ohm watt V A C J Ω W • Safety Features: Double Insulation: Outer case is plastic so it will always be safe to touch. Insulation: plastic outside cable safe to touch Earthing: outside casing connected to earth Circuit Breaker: Trips if too big a current flows Fuse: melts if too big a current flows • Wiring a Plug: Fuse on the live Wire Green/Yellow: Earth Brown: live Blue: neutral Definitions Equations Mnemonic Exercise Is Very tiring Peter is a Veggie QuIt Very Important Rabbits Equation E=IVt P = I V Q = I t V = I R Units J=AVs W = A V C = A s V = A Ω Electricity Mains • Hazards: Frayed Cables Damaged Plugs Water Don’t play with sockets Series Circuit Current Voltage same split Parallel Circuit split same Series and Parallel Circuits IV Graphs Resistor I V Circuits Diode I Component Diode V Thermistor Function Less Cabling If one breaks rest still work and/or same voltage Symbol Bulb I V Only lets the current through one way Senses Temp (low resistance high temp) LDR Senses Light (low resistance high light) .