Electricity Spider | Series And Parallel Circuits | Electrical Network

Definition

Symbol

Unit

Unit Symbol

Voltage
Current Charge Energy Resistance Power

Push on the electrons
Rate of flow of electrons Total number of charged particles Amount of energy given to a component How hard it is for electrons to flow How fast energy is transferred

V

Volts

V

• Safety Features: Double Insulation: Outer case is _____ so it will always be safe to touch. Insulation: _____ outside cable safe to touch Earthing: outside casing connected to _____ Circuit Breaker: Trips if too big a ____ flows Fuse: _____ if too big a ____ flows • Wiring a Plug: Fuse on the live Wire Green/Yellow: Earth Brown: ______ Blue: _______

Definitions Equations
Mnemonic Exercise Is Very tiring Peter is a Veggie QuIt Very Important Rabbits Equation E=IVt Units J=AVs

Electricity

Mains

• Hazards: Frayed Cables Damaged Plugs Water Don’t play with sockets Series Circuit Current Voltage Parallel Circuit

Series and Parallel Circuits

IV Graphs
Resistor
I V

Circuits
Diode
I Component Diode V Thermistor Function

Bulb
I V

Symbol

Only lets the current through one way Senses _____ (low ______ high _____)

LDR

Senses _____ (low ______ high _____)

Definition Symbol Unit Unit Symbol Voltage Current Charge Energy Resistance Power Push on the electrons Rate of flow of electrons Total number of charged particles Amount of energy given to a component How hard it is for electrons to flow How fast energy is transferred V I Q E R P Volts ampere coulomb joule ohm watt V A C J Ω W • Safety Features: Double Insulation: Outer case is plastic so it will always be safe to touch. Insulation: plastic outside cable safe to touch Earthing: outside casing connected to earth Circuit Breaker: Trips if too big a current flows Fuse: melts if too big a current flows • Wiring a Plug: Fuse on the live Wire Green/Yellow: Earth Brown: live Blue: neutral Definitions Equations Mnemonic Exercise Is Very tiring Peter is a Veggie QuIt Very Important Rabbits Equation E=IVt P = I V Q = I t V = I R Units J=AVs W = A V C = A s V = A Ω Electricity Mains • Hazards: Frayed Cables Damaged Plugs Water Don’t play with sockets Series Circuit Current Voltage same split Parallel Circuit split same Series and Parallel Circuits IV Graphs Resistor I V Circuits Diode I Component Diode V Thermistor Function Less Cabling If one breaks rest still work and/or same voltage Symbol Bulb I V Only lets the current through one way Senses Temp (low resistance high temp) LDR Senses Light (low resistance high light) .

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