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# FACTORIAL ANALYSIS

The two factors are called P and K. The two levels of P could be 0 kg P/ha and 20 kg P/ha. whereas two levels of K were 0 kg K/ha and 15 kg K/ha. The experiment was carried out with four blocks. The four treatment combinations: .Example 1  Illustrate the step-by-step procedure for the a 2x2 Factorial Experiment in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) to investigate the effect of Phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K) fertilizers on the paddy yield (ton/ha).

K0 (no fertilizer used as control) Treatment 2: P0. . K0 (fertilizer used: 20 kg P/ha) Treatment 4: P1. K1 (fertilizer used: 15 kg K/ha) Treatment 3: P1.Continue     Treatment 1: P0. K1 (fertilizer used: 20 kg P/ha and 15 kg K/ha).

The field layout of the 2x2 factorial experiments in RCBD Block 1 P0K1 P1K1 P1K0 P0K0 Block 2 P1K1 P0K0 P1K0 P0K1 Block 3 P0K1 P1K0 P0K0 P1K1 Block 4 P1K0 P0K0 P1K1 P0K1 The treatment plot was randomly assigned by using lottery. .Continue  Table 1.

ENTERING THE DATA USING SPSS .

Enter variable data > Values (treatment P)> Insert numeric number (1 & 2) > Insert treatment (P0 & P1) > Add > Ok .

Values (treatment K)> Insert numeric number (1 & 2) > Insert treatment (K0 & K1) > Add > Ok .

Both data will look like below: .

Step 1 : Entering the data .

View > Value labels .

Step 2: Analyze > GLM > Univariate .

Step 3: Insert Value(Parameter variable) > Dependent variable Insert both Treatments (P&K) > Fixed factors .

Step 4: Model > Full factorial > Continue .

OUTPUT: ANOVA Table .

044 (<0.004 (<0.05.05) Fertilizer K (potassium) : 0.05. H0 is received If sig value < 0.05) .354 (>0.05) The mixture of P & K : 0. H0 is rejected Significance value: Fertilizer P (phosphorus) : 0.Analysis by using significance value: If sig value > 0.

Analysis for fertilizer P: The sig value is 0. H1 is received as the value is SIGNIFICANT. This is because phosphorus is one of the important micronutrient needed by paddy plant to maintain their growth. so H0 is rejected. In other words.05). We can say that there are effects of fertilizer P (phosphorus) to the paddy yield. .044 (<0.

Analysis for fertilizer K: The sig value is 0. .05). In other words. This is because potassium is also a type of micronutrient that can increase crop yield and improve their quality. We can say that there are effects of fertilizer K (potassium) to the paddy yield. H1 is received as the value is VERY SIGNIFICANT.004 (<0. so H0 is rejected.

Analysis for interaction of Phosphorus & Potassium K (P*K) The sig value is 0. . H1 is rejected as the value is NOT SIGNIFICANT. In other words.354 (>0. We can say that there is NO INTERACTION between fertilizer P (phosphorus) and fertilizer K (potassium) to the paddy yield. This may be due to no chemical reaction between both of the fertilizer that can give effects to the yield of paddy (ton/ha). so H0 is received.05).

.That’s all…tQ..) .