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HARMONIC PROGRESSION

What is a Harmonic Progression?

A Harmonic Progression is a sequence of quantities whose reciprocals form an arithmetic progression.

Note!

* The series formed by the reciprocals of the terms of a geometric series are also geometric series.

And .

.* There is no general method of finding the sum of a harmonic progression.

Example .

s2 . … . sn” is a Harmonic Progression if “1/s1 . 1/s2 . . 1/sn” forms an Arithmetic Progression. … .The Sequence “s1 .

Method For Re-checking a Harmonic Progression .

. results to an Arithmetic Progression.A Harmonic Progression is a set of values that. the reciprocated values must possess a rational common difference. Once this has been identified. once reciprocated. To check . we may say that the sequence is a Harmonic Progression.

Harmonic Means are the terms found in between two terms of a harmonic progression. .

Problems .

Determine which of the following are Harmonic Progressions. .

1) 1 . . 1/4 .. 1/3 .. .1/2 .

3 . * The reciprocals are: 1 . . 4 . … Step 2: Identify whether the reciprocated sequence is an Arithmetic Progression by checking if a common difference exists in the terms.Step 1: Reciprocate all the given terms. 2 .

.Answer: It is a Harmonic Progression.

. 1/4 .. 1/5 . 1/7 . .2) 1 ..

* The reciprocals are: 1 . 4 . 7 .Step 1: Reciprocate all the given terms. . 5 . … Step 2: Identify whether the reciprocated sequence is an Arithmetic Progression by checking if a common difference exists in the terms.

.Answer: It is NOT a Harmonic Progression.

Determine the next three terms of each of the following Harmonic Progressions. .

1) 24 . … . 12 . 6 . 8 .

8 .Solution: 24 . 12 . 1/12 . 1/8 . … = 1/24 . 1/6 * To find the common difference: 1/12 – 1/24 = 2/24 – 1/24 = 1/24 . 6 .

Note! .

the third to the second term. and so on and so forth. the forth to the third term.You can subtract the second term to the first term. .

To get the next three terms: th 5 Term = 1/6 + 1/24 = 4/24 + 1/24 = 5/24 * Reciprocate = 24/5 .

6th Term = 5/24 + 1/24 = 6/24 = 1/4 * Reciprocate =4 .

7th Term = 1/4 + 1/24 = 6/24 + 1/24 = 7/24 * Reciprocate = 24/7 .

Find the Harmonic Mean between the following terms. .

1) 12 and 8 .

Step 1: Reciprocate all the given terms. * The reciprocals are: 1/12 and 1/8 Step 2: Arrange the given terms as follows: .

1/12 1’st term Harmonic Mean 2’nd term 1/8 3’rd term .

we will use the formula: tn = t1 + (n – 1)d .*For this problem.

We may now substitute the values in the problem to the formula to find the common difference (d) and the Harmonic Mean as follows: .

t3 = t1 + (3 .1)d 1/8 = 1/12 + 2d 1/8 – 1/12 = 2d (3 – 2) / 24 = 2d (3 – 2) = 48d 1 = 48d d = 1/48 .

add it to the first term to get the Harmonic Mean between the two terms. .*After getting the Common Difference.

t2 = t 1 + d = 1/12 + 1/48 = (4 + 1) / 48 = 5/48 *Reciprocate = 48/5 .

Insert three Harmonic Means between the following terms: .

1) 36 and 36/5 .

Step 1: Reciprocate all the given terms. * The reciprocals are: 1/36 and 5/36 Step 2: Arrange the given terms as follows: .

1/36 1’st term Harmonic Means 2’nd . 3’rd . and 4’th term 5/36 5’th term .

*For this problem. we will use the formula: tn = t1 + (n – 1)d .

We may now substitute the values in the problem to the formula to find the common difference (d) and the Harmonic Means as follows: .

t5 = t1 + (5 .1) / 36 = 4d (5 .1)d 5/36 = 1/36 + 4d 5/36 – 1/36 = 4d (5 .1) = 144d 4 = 144d d = 4/144 = 1/36 .

*After getting the Common Difference. . and then add it to the third term to get the Harmonic Means between the two terms. then add it to the second term. add it to the first term.

t2 = t 1 + d = 1/36 + 1/36 = 2/36 = 1/18 *Reciprocate = 18 .

t3 = t 2 + d = 2/36 + 1/36 = 3/36 = 1/12 *Reciprocate = 12 .

t4 = t 3 + d = 3/36 + 1/36 = 4/36 = 1/9 *Reciprocate =9 .

and 9. the three means between 36 and 36/5 are 18. 12.Therefore. .

Activity .

5 .Determine if the following are harmonic progressions or not: 1) 1/12 . 1/10 . 1/15 . 1/36 2) 2 . 8 3)1/5 . 1/24 . 7 .

1/8 . … . 1/11 .Find the next three terms in the following harmonic progressions: 1) 1/2 . … 2) 19 . 1/5 . 4 . 15 . 3 . … 3) 12 . 17 . 6 . 13.

Find the harmonic mean between: 1) 1/2 and 1/5 2) 1 and 1/9 .

Insert three harmonic means between: 1) 1/2 and 1/8 2) 1 and 1/10 .

Homework .