Organ ism

Cloning in Pop Culture
• • • • • • • • • • • Stargate Atlantis Jurassic Park The Island Dexter’s Lab Star Wars Star Trek Austin Powers Alien Twins The Fifth Element The 6th Day • Godsend • Invasion of the Body Snatchers • Blade Runner • The Stepford Wives • Sleeper • Multiplicity • The Adventures of Pluto Nash

What is cloning?
In nature… • The process of producing populations of genetically-identical individuals • Usually involved in asexual reproduction:
– Bacteria – Plants – Insects

What is cloning?
In biotechnology… • The process used to create copies of DNA fragments (molecular cloning), cells (cell cloning), or organisms

Huma n Cl oni ng

Present Day
• Any biological experimentation on humans are illegal unless it’s tests that people volunteer for
– Ethical reasons – Religion reasons

• Human cloning at the moment is to the extent of natural-born twins.

A few years ago…
• Five human embryo cells were created for the purpose of cloning • After the process was completed, the scientists decided to destroy them, after much controversy over human clones and their rights • They destroyed all five embryos and all research materials involved in their creation.

Discussed In Public
• March 9, 2001 • Severino Antinori – Italian fertility specialist • Spoke at a conference on human cloning • Has plans to clone humans • However, Italian medical authorities said that he risked his right to practice cloning in Italy if he decides to go through with it

Anim al Cl oni ng

Meet the Clones

Meet the Clones

Meet the Clones

Meet the Clones

Meet the Clones

Meet the Clones

Meet the Clones

Meet the Clones

Meet the Clones

Meet the Clones

Mak in g A dul t Co pi es

What do you mean?
• Making copies of already-existing adults – accelerating the growth of the copies so that they catch up in age with the original • No natural aging or growth – just accelerated growth

Is this even possible?

Yes – but what’s the catch?
• Shortened telomeres
– Telomeres determine biological aging – Subject would become prone to cardiovascular diseases

• Degenerating of DNA
– Unwinding of DNA helix – Results in breakdown of cells and organs

Plus, we don’t have the technology possible to make it happen.

If you were a clone…
• You would die at a younger your specie’s average age • Sooner or later, you would some kind of fatal disease didn’t die at a young age • You would still be able to age than of death develop – if you reproduce

– With humans – technically no, since the age we reach sexual maturity at is quite “old”
• We would die first

Saving the Animals, one clone at a time.

Huh?
• Cloning is now being used in many ways
– Commercial – Research – Food production

• And now – they are trying to clone endangered animals and are trying to bring back extinct animals

Saving the Animals

Saving the Animals

Interesting facts about Clones
• After years of debate, F.D.A. has declared that food (meat) produced by cloned animals and their progeny are safe to eat. • One live clone = a hundred failed attempts

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