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use an e-mail program to spread the virus to other computers.VIRUS  A computer virus is a software program that spreads from one computer to another computer and that interferes with computer operation. or even delete everything on the hard disk. .  A computer virus may corrupt or delete data on a computer.

discovered at Lehigh University in 1987. which infected both . which made it difficult to alter or remove. Several other Friday the 13th viruses would follow. specifically COMMAND. was the first to attack an executable file.COM files.  The Jerusalem virus (1987). .COM.History of virus  The Lehigh virus. was the first to trigger its payload (the subroutine within a virus or worm that actually does the damage) on a specific date -Friday the 13th.  The Cascade virus (1988) was the first encrypted virus.EXE and .

and Tequila .Viruses – Types and Examples  Boot viruses: These viruses infect floppy disk boot records or master boot records in hard disks. Cascade  Multipartite viruses: A hybrid of Boot and Program viruses. • Examples: Invader. Disk Killer. Michelangelo. • Examples: Form. • Examples: Sunday. and Stone virus  Program viruses: These infect executable program files. Flip.

Stimulate. • Examples: Involuntary. Evil. Cascade.Viruses – Types and Examples  Stealth viruses: These viruses use certain techniques to avoid detection. Word Concept. • Examples: DMV. Whale  Polymorphic viruses: A virus that can encrypt its code in different ways so that it appears differently in each infection. Nuclear. Joshi. Phoenix. . Proud. • Examples: Frodo. Virus 101  Macro Viruses: A macro virus is a new type of computer virus that infects the macros within a document or template.

it has the capability to travel without any help from a person. .  The Trojan Horse.worm.trojan  A computer virus attaches itself to a program or file so it can spread from one computer to another. at first glance will appear to be useful software but will actually do damage once installed or run on your computer. leaving infections as it travels. but unlike a virus.Difference between virus.  Worms spread from computer to computer.

running the file may also infect their computers. and files from those computers may spread the infection to yet more computers. the virus code will also run and try to infect other programs.  The newly infected programs will try to infect yet more programs. .How do viruses spread?  When you execute program code that's infected by a virus.  When you share a copy of an infected file with other computer users. either on the same computer or on other computers connected to it over a network .

the antivirus program cannot be restarted.Symptoms of a computer virus  The computer runs slower than usual. or it locks up frequently. .  The computer stops responding.  Additionally.  The computer restarts on its own.  An antivirus program is disabled for no reason.  Strange sounds or music plays from the speakers unexpectedly.  Disks or disk drives are inaccessible.

unethical or illegal things on the internet  Email others a copy of itself and infect their computers  Gather sensitive data by logging every keystroke you make and sending it to someone.How do viruses affect my computer?  Crash your operating system so your computer won't run anymore. photos. passwords and bank account numbers are favorite targets.  Cause your computer to behave abnormally such as: slow down. and videos to a hacker.  Send copies of all of your files including office documents. keep on rebooting  Hijack your computer and use it to do immoral.  Allow more viruses into your computer . Sensitive data include: credit cards numbers. hang.

 3.How to protect your computer against viruses ?  To protect your computer against viruses.  2.Keep the computer operating system up-to-date. turn on the firewall. follow these steps:  1.Use updated antivirus software on the computer.On the computer.  4. .Use updated antispyware software on the computer.

perform a thorough scan of the computer by using the antivirus remove a computer virus.Install the latest updates from Microsoft Update on the computer. visit the following Microsoft Web site:  http://www.mspx . To download the Malicious Software Removal Tool. and then run the Microsoft Malicious Software Removal Tool to remove existing viruses on the computer.Download software. Then.Update the antivirus software on the computer.  to remove a computer virus?  t. install.  2. follow these steps:  3.

formerly known as Network Associates. .Antivirus  A software program which helps protect a computer against being infected by a virus.  A software program designed to identify and remove a known or potential computer virus  Norton AntiVirus (NAV) is a popular product of Symantec Corporation and is one of the most widely used antivirus programs.  McAfee VirusScan is a popular antivirus program created and maintained by McAfee.