TOPIK 7 | Second Language | Vocabulary

METHODS AND APPROACHES OF A SECOND LANGUAGE

MAESTRIA EN EDUCACION BILINGÜE

Unit 2. Oriented Methodologies for Second Language Teaching
Text: The Direct Method and Natural Approach

Professor: César Hernández

May, 2010

 Student learn to understand the language.The Direct Method Background Berlitz and Jespersen XIX century.Speaking associate and appropiate.  Direct association: words vs phrases objects vs actions  . .  Based on the way children learn their native language.Listening large quantities. .

Grammar rules are not explicitly taught . Correct Pronunciation 5. Here and Now 3. Read text 4. Sentences in simple discourse Major Characteristics 6. Constructed pictures depicting 1.The Direct Method 2.

 Affective happens in group activities.Personalized.  Class is spend to responding to teacher question.survival situation. . .  Culturally oriented pictures.Contextualized.The Direct Method Proficiency Orientation Student engage in oral language.vocabulary.  Use paraphrase encorage students.  . . .

 Insufficient Provision.The Direct Method Phenomenon of Fossilization.  Modern Adaptations.  Short Translation. . .Structures in a coherent sequence.  Potential Drawbacks Why the direct method is an eclecticism? .Systematic Practice.

.  Higgs and Clifford emphasis on teaching and practice vocabulary and structural accuracy.  Intermediate Proficiency in the Second Languague.The Natural Approach Background Krashen Theory of SLA.Oral skills.  Communicative Competence.  .

Distribution of learning and acquisition activities communication Foreigner talk Major Characteristics . Error correction 3. Response in both L1 and L2 instructions 1.The Natural Approach 2.

 Instruction. (acquire and learn)  Affective.  .The Natural Approach Terrell main principles Major Characteristics Immediate communication competence.  The learning of vocabulary is the key.  Student opportunity. should be directed to modifying and improve.

 Learn language in context in personalized activities.  Proficiency Orientation .  Corrective feedback. affective atmosphere in class.  Group practice.  Student create with the language.  Warm.The Natural Approach Survival-Level Communication.

 Student do not obtain the corrective feedback.  Higgs and Clifford: Fossilization can be in the first years if…  Terrell: corrective feedback on written work.  .The Natural Approach Potential Drawbacks Low range of perfomance.  Student may not be motivated to produce the target language.

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