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GSM900-DCS1800 PARAMETER PROPOSAL

Central Java Team

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CONTENTS
1. Objective 3. Background 2. BSS Parameter Review 4. Proposal

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OBJECTIVE
To review and define proper BSS Parameter setting
especially on idle mode parameter between GSM900 and GSM1800 The strategy should consider the existence of GSM900 & DCS1800 network coverage, link budget, penetration level, capacity, quality and subscriber perceived in both network

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BACKGROUND
The number of ARFCN
The number of ARFCN for GSM900 is 49 and for DCS1800 is
99. Comparison for total ARFCN GSM:DCS=49:99=33%:67% RF quality on DCS1800 should be better than GSM900

Coverage
From the link budget calculation, the coverage GSM900 is
wider than DCS1800 GSM900 cells use frequency 900 MHz which has best propagation and penetration that is theoretically 8 dB better than DCS and more stable against fading

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DISTANCE vs RX LEVEL

The delta rxlevel between GSM900 and DCS1800 is about 8 dB in Outdoor coverage Due to fading and propagation loss, delta level between GSM900 and DCS1800 is about 8 12 dB in indoor coverage penetration For C1/C2 Calculation will assume delta between GSM900 and DCS1800 is 10 dB
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LINK BUDGET CALCULATION

The Path balanced between DL and UL is 0.5 dB both of GSM900 and DCS1800 The Delta between Downlink and Uplink level is 5 dB for GSM900 and 8 dB for DCS1800

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LINK BUDGET CALCULATION


If DL rxlevel = -103 dBm RACH Level on Uplink ?

BTS

MS

Based on the calculation of delta between DL and UL level, we can calculate receive signal level on BTS side if the level at MS is X dBm. For example DCS1800,Rx level on MS is -103 dBm. Delta DL and UL is 8 dB. So when MS send RACH at level -103 dBm the BTS will receie with signal level at -111 dBm. Its mean receive signal level is below the sensitivity of BTS

From this point, the parameter setting for rxLevelAccessMin should be greater than 8 dB from BTS sensitivity to guarantee uplink signal level is valid to BTS (calculation for DCS1800 point of view)

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BSS PARAMETER REVIEW


Cell selection
To be selected by the cell selection procedure, a cell has to fulfill the C1
criterion C1>0, where C1=AV_RXLEV rxLevAccessMin-Max(0,msTxPwrMaxCCH P) AV_RXLEV = 1/5*(RXLEV1+RXLEV2+...+RXLEV5) P=Maximum RF output power of the MS This mean that the received downlink level has to be above a threshold (rxLevAccessMin)

Cell Reselection
While moving within the radio network in idle mode, another cell may be
more appropriate to serve the MS. Teherefore, cell reselection may be performed Cell Reselection criterion C2 : C2=C1-cellReselectOffset for PT = 31 C2=C1+cellReselectOffset-TO for T<PT<31 C2=C1+cellReselectOffset for else
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EXISTING IDLE MODE BEHAVIOUR

GSM900

RXP=6 REO=0

RXP=6

DCS1800

-104 dBm

REO=3

DI area

-104 dBm

Outdoor Coverage

Indoor Coverage

Signal level for DCS1800 more not stable in DI area compare to GSM900 due RF propagation behaviour (higher frequency will have more signal fading loss) Possible to causing more SDCCH/TCH drop in DI area for DCS1800 Many Handover attempt due to level on DCS1800 (LDR=-90 dBm) With REO=3 make call dragging on DCS1800 make low signal level in customer perceive
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PROPOSE
GSM900
RXP=6

REO=0

DCS1800

RXP=15 REO=10

-104 dBm

-95 dBm

Outdoor Coverage

Indoor Coverage

Signal level for DCS1800 more stable due to MS only camp on DCS1800 if rxlevel > -95 dBm No coverage missing due coverage GSM900 wider than DCS1800 Possible to reduce SDCCH/TCH drop on DCS1800 Reduce HO attempt due to Level on DCS1800 In customer perceive, signal level on MS looking more stable
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EXISTING HANDOVER MECHANISM


GSM900

SL=20 PMRG=6 AUCL=30 ACL=NOT USE

SL=30
PMRG=10 LMRG=3 ACL=NOT USE LDR=20

DCS1800

GSM900 DCS1800 if rxlevel on DCS1800 > -80 dBm DCS1800 GSM900 if PBGT>10 dB and rxlevel on GSM900 > -80 dBm

DCS1800 GSM900 if DLRxLev DCS1800 <-90 dBm and PBGT>3dB

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EXISTING HANDOVER MECHANISM


GSM900

HO PBGT

-80 dBm

HO Level

DCS1800

-80 dBm

-90 dBm

More flexible to adjust parameter setting Since HO due to PGBT between GSM900 DCS1800, this may cause Ping pong handover Since SL from DCS1800 to GSM900=-80dBm and Different Rx level between GSM900 and DCS is 10 dB, this may cause dragging call at DCS1800 due to Rx Lev on GSM900 already less than -80 dBm. (if Rx Level DCS1800=-91 dBm, at the same time Rx Level on GSM900=-81 dBm)
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PROPOSE
GSM900

SL=20 AUCL=25 FMT=1 ACL=LOWER

SL=20 LDR=20 LMRG=3

ACL=UPPER

DCS1800

GSM900 DCS1800 if rxlevel on DCS1800 greater than -85 dBm DCS1800 GSM900 only if rxlevel on DCS1800 lower than -90 dBm

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PROPOSE
GSM900

Slow Moving MS

HO Level
-80 dBm

DCS1800

-85 dBm

-90 dBm

More easier to control traffic sharing mechanism between GSM900 and DCS1800 Reduce ping pong HO between GSM900 and DCS1800 It may look low Rx Level on MS at dedicated mode since MS always camp on DCS1800 until -90 dBm

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C1/C2 CALCULATION

10 dB
GSM900 DCS1800

GSM=-80 dBm DCS=-90 dBm

BSS Parameters
GSM900
rxLevAccessMin=6 cellReselectOffset=0

DCS1800
rxLevAccessMin=15
cellReselectOffset=10

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C1/C2 CALCULATION
GSM900 C1=AV_RXLEV rxLevAccessMin-Max(0,msTxPwrMaxCCH P) C1= -80 (-104) = 24 C2= C1+cellReselectOffset C2= 24 + 0 = 24

DCS1800
C1=AV_RXLEV rxLevAccessMin-Max(0,msTxPwrMaxCCH P) C1= -90 (-95) = 5 C2= C1+cellReselectOffset

C2= 5 + 10*2 = 25
MS will camp on DCS1800.

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C1/C2 CALCULATION

10 dB
GSM900 DCS1800

GSM=-90 dBm DCS=-100 dBm

BSS Parameters GSM900 rxLevAccessMin=6


cellReselectOffset=0

DCS1800
rxLevAccessMin=15 cellReselectOffset=10
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C1/C2 CALCULATION
GSM900 C1=AV_RXLEV rxLevAccessMin-Max(0,msTxPwrMaxCCH P) C1= -90 (-104) = 14 C2= C1+cellReselectOffset C2= 14 + 0 = 14

DCS1800
C1=AV_RXLEV rxLevAccessMin-Max(0,msTxPwrMaxCCH P) C1= -100 (-95) = -5 C2= C1+cellReselectOffset

C2= -5 + 10*2 = 15
Since C1 for DCS1800 < 0, MS will camp on GSM900.

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C1/C2 CALCULATION

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Trial Scenario and Area Selection

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Thanks

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