PLANT PROPOGATION BY BUDDING

S.ESWARA REDDY

PLANT PROPOGATION BY BUDDING Budding:budding is also a method of grafting where in only one bud with a piece of bark and with are with out wood is used as scion material It is also called as bud grafting.

Materials required:budding knife,root stock plants,scion shoots,polythene sheets. METHODS OF BUDDING: T-BUDDING(shield budding):it is the common method of budding widely used in propogating most fruit tree sps.,its use is generally limited to stocks which are about ¼ to 1’’ in diameter with fairly thin bark. Procedure: A vertical long cut about 1’’long is made in the stock.A horizontal cut is made through the bark about 1/3rd the distance around the stock.The knife is given a slight twist to open the two flaps of bark starting about ½ inch beyond the bud.

About ¾ inch above the bud a horizontal cut is made through the bark and into the wood,permitting the removal of the bud piece The shield piece is inserted by pushing it downward untill the horizontal cuts of the shield and the stock are even.The bud union is then tightly tied with some wrapping polythene material,leaving the bud exposed.

Inverted T-budding:In rainy localities water running down the stem or the root stock may enter the T-cut;soak under the bark and cause decay of the shield piece. Under such conditions an inverted T-budding may give better results. The techniques of the inverted Tbud method are the same as those already described in T-budding except at the incision in the stock has the transverse cut at the bottom rather than at the top of the vertical cut,and in removing the shield piece from the bud stick the knife starts above the bud and cuts downward below it.

The shield piece containing the bud is inserted into the lower part of the incision and pushed upward untill the two transverse cuts meets.

Patch budding:The distinguishing feature of patch budding is that a rectangular or square patch of bark is removed completely from the root stock and replaced with a similar patch of bark of the same size containing a bud of the scion tree to be propogated.It is widely used on thick barked sps such as walnuts,pecans, rubbertree etc., Adouble bladed knife is used to make two parallel horizontal cuts about the distance around the stock.The two horizontal cuts are connected by vertical cuts.The patch containing the bud is cut from the bud stock by two horizontal cuts with the same double bladed knife followed by two vertical cuts on each side of the bud.

The patch bud is removed by sliding it off to one side.When the bud patch is ready the bark is removed from the stock and the bud is inserted.The inserted patch ready for wrapping should be fit tightly in opening on all 4 sides.Then the union is wrapped with tape leaving the bud exposed.

Procedure:

Chip budding: This method can be used when the bark s not slipping.Chip budding in the fall has given excellent results in budding grape cultivator on phylloxera or nematode resistant root stocks.It is not commonly used on deciduous tree fruits a cut is made at a 45 degree angle about 1/4th through the stock.About 1 inch above the 1st cut a second cut is made going downward and inward untill it connects with the 1st cut and a chip of wood is removed.The cuts removing the bud from the bud stick are made just as those in the root stock.the lower cut is made about ¼ inch below the bud.

A second cut is made about ½ inch above the bud,coming downwards behind the bud and connecting with the 1 st cut,permitting the removal of the bud piece.Appearance of bud and stock ready to be placed together.The chip bud is finally wrapped with polythene material.There are no protective flaps of bark to prevent the bud piece from drying out,as there in T-budding.It is very important,than that the chip bud be wrapped to seal the cut edges as well as to hold the bud piece tightly into the stock.

Procedure:

Flute budding: It is similar to patch budding, except that the patch of bark removed from the root stock almost completely encircles it, leaving a narrow connection between the upper and lower parts of the stock.In taking the bud patch from the bud stick a two bladed knife is used,with the two transverse cuts completely encircling the bud stick.A single vertical cut connects the two horizontal cuts, permitting the bud patch to be removed.If the bud patch fails to unite,the narrow connecting strip of bark on the stock keeps the top of the root stock alive.

Procedure:

Ring budding:By this method, a complete ring of bark is removed from the stock and a complete ring from the bud stick.Since the stock is completely girdled, if the bud patch fails to heal in the top of the stock above the ring may eventually die.This method is not widely used as the ordinary patch budding.

I-budding:This method should be considered for use when the bark of the stock is much thicker than that of the bud stick.In such cases,if the patch bud is practised, considerable paring down of the root stock around the patch wood be necessary.This operation is not necessary in the I-budding. The bud patch is cut just for patch budding. Two tranverse cuts are made on the stock and are joined by a single vertical cut to produce the figure ”I”. The two flaps of bark can then be raised for insertion of the bud patch beneath them.

Procedure:

Micro budding:It is similar to T-budding except that the bud piece is reduced to a very small size.The leaf petiole is cut off just above the bud, and then the bud is removed from the bud stick by a flat cut just underneath the bud. Only bud itself and a small piece of wood under it are used.On the stock an inverted T-cut is made and the bud is slipped into it,right side up.The entire union is wrapped with the PVC tape.

Procedure:

Double working:It is practised for several purposes.To over come incompatability between the stock and the scion,To secure resistance to drought or cold by providing a disease or cold resistant trunk,To obtain resistance to pests and dwarfing effect,Top working of grafted orchard trees is essentially a double working;here the tree trunk as an intermediate stock may exert certain influences on the new top.The inserted intermediate stem piece is called as sinking scion/faster mother/inter stock/inter stem.

Procedure:

Top working:It is changing a variety generally done on long lived sps,growing in a healthy condition.Short lived sps,old trees or diseased trees are not suitable;In such cases new planting is considered more economical and useful than top working.

Developing buds:

Plants propogated by budding:

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