Fast Growth and even faster re-growth a great producer of light versatile wood

cultivation and management of small plantations of the tree. . widely distributed and extremely fast growing both in south and north China. It is very adaptable. the International Development Research Centre of Canada has supported a program of research by the Chinese Academy of Forestry. It grows equally well on the plains as well as in mountainous regions up to 2.1983. Presently. municipalities and autonomous regions. The genus Paulownia is represented by nine species of fast growing timber trees which are indigenous to China. the genus provides a great potential for extensive cultivation all over China. Therefore. propagation.000 m high. This has resulted in many new developments in the breeding. the genus is either naturally distributed or cultivated in 23 provinces.

000 m3 of timber by 1976 for the local people. they can produce useful timber within five to six years. Honan Province. However. Felling started in 1971 and it yielded almost 148. Paulownia was planted over a large area from 1963 to 1965 the total area under mixed cultivation had already reached 20.5 m3.000 hectares. under optimum conditions.3-0. For example.Under normal conditions. effectively solving years of timber shortage. in Lankau County. . a 10year old Paulownia tree can measure 30-40 cm diameter at breast height (dbh) and will have a timber volume of 0.

Current locations growing Paulownia .

paulownia is grown commercially in South America and the United States. . from which up to 10 million cubic metres of logs may be produced each year. New Zealand. Along side these sites. Chilie and Spain. Within Asia. Elsewhere. Laos. Vietnam. where it has naturalised in Appalachian forests. Plantations have also cropped up in Australia. paulownia is grown in Taiwan.5 million hectares of Chinese farm land now has paulownia shelter belts planted on it.It is estimated that 2. projects for large plantations being implemented across large parts of southern Africa. Cambodia. Korea and Japan.

.190 lbs.23 to 0. which weighs 2.30 (23 to 30 percent of the weight of water).S.382 lbs per thousand board feet compared to yellow poplar (tulip poplar).Lightness — Paulownia is about 2/3 the weight of the lightest commercial wood in the U. or white oak. The specific gravity of paulownia wood ranges from 0. which weighs 3.55 lbs. Average cubic foot weight is 16.337 lbs. The bulk weight of lumber averages 1.

Strength and stability — Although the wood is light. Unlike other commercial woods. cracking and deformation unlike poplar wood which cupped badly and cracked at the ends. paulownia does not split and crack with rapid drying. It resists warping. Easily dried and reduced warping — Paulownia will air dry in about 30 days with no warping. oak checked and honey-combed and wood of other kinds which can be severely damaged by changes in humidity. it is extremely strong and will not split even when spikes are driven into it. This reduces the cost of kiln-drying. furniture made of dried Paulownia wood is very good even under humid conditions. .

woodworking. but not as hard as most domestic woods. It is suitable for carving. . especially when green. As it dries. it becomes considerably harder. and peeling for veneer. model airplane construction.Easily worked — Another unique quality is the ease with which it can be worked.

063-0.086 Kcal m-1 lu'1 °C'1. one of the lowest values for wood). Thermal and electric — Paulownia wood has very high heat insulation properties (with the thermal conductivity of the eight Paulownia species at 0. .• Good Insulator.

6. The large and hairy leaves of Paulownia play a very useful role in purifying dust and smoke. 3. Each tree releases about 5. Paulownia elongata prevents erosion and enriches the soil with humus.8 liters of wastewater per day.The Paulownia tree could be considered the ultimate environmental tree. 5. of carbon dioxide per day. It has a high tolerance to drought. 4. soil content and temperature amplitudes (from –20oC to + 40oC).7 kg. Each hectare of trees will scrub 32 636. 2.8 kg. of oxygen per day. . 1. Each tree removes 21. gases and dust from the air per year. of harmful CO2.9 kg. this make the species Paulownia elongata and its hybrids highly beneficial to environmental recovery. Each tree can absorb 56.

.The tree develops many lateral branches. The blossoms last 2-4 weeks then the tree re-foliates with it's enormous lush and exotic leaves creating a luxuriant. cool Summer shade. thick crown with cluster flowers which vary in color from creamy to deep violet.

PARIS Central Park NYC .

2. For handicrafts The people in China. dressing boxes. statue of Buddha or deities. Threshing tubs of Paulownia wood are more durable than those of Cunninghamia lanceolata. .1. People in some provinces and the dockers in China are very fond of using the poles made of Paulownia wood. TV and radio boxes etc. For farm implements – Aquaducts made of Paulownia wood do not subside and crack. are durable and retain their shape. wooden fish. medal boxes. Japan and some other countries in South East Asia have a long tradition of making handicrafts with Paulownia wood such as flower vases.

sleds and surfboards. Paulownia wood can also be used to make blackboards. life rafts. Paulownia charcoal can make charcoal crayons.3. Paulownia bark can be used to make dye . black powder and fireworks and can also be used in industries as active carbon.

Fodder – The leaves and flowers of Paulownia are good fodder for pigs. flowers and the leaves of Paulownia contain fat. The nitrogen content in Paulownia leaves can be compared favourably with some leguminous plants. It is especially suitable for cases and cupboards which are smoke-proof and are little attacked by insects . 73). They are made into tablets and injections. fruits and wood have certain effects on bronchitis especially on relieving the cough and reducing phlegm. ceilings and inner roofs due to the woods insulation properties. There is no decay in houses more than 100 years old which are completely made of Paulownia wood.4. windows. 5. The flower buds. For house construction – As the strength of wood is not high. 6. 7. it is not suitable for uses which require mechanical strength but it is quite widely used for houses. sugar and protein. Medicinal uses – Medicines made of Paulownia leaves. Paulownia wood is very good for making doors. Roof beams and purlin made of Paulownia wood are light and keep in shape for many years so they do not put the house out of shape. For furniture – Paulownia is used to manufacture tables and chairs. sheep and rabbits (Fig. partition boards.

Musical instruments – Paulownia wood has good resonance properties and is often used in making musical instruments. .8.

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