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0RG004601 CDMA1X Capacity planning
Issue 3.0
Internal Use
Chapter 1 Characteristics of CDMA Network
Chapter 2 Interference analysis
Chapter 3 Reverse link capacity analysis
Chapter 4 Forward link capacity analysis
Chapter 5 Capacity planning
Internal Use
Capacity Analysis

In CDMA system, all cells shares the same spectrum, which increases
the capacity of a CDMA system. However the use of same frequencies
may cause for multi-address interference. This kind of interference
can restrict the system capacity.

The capacity of a radio system is determined by both the forward and
reverse links. During the capacity planning. The analysis should be
based upon both the forward and reverse links.

Because of distributed sources, in general we concentrate more on
the reverse link capacity.
Characteristics of CDMA network
Internal Use
Basic Capacity Model
Limited interference model
I
TOT
=I
own
+I
other
+P
N
+T
I
own
Interference from subscribers in the local cell
I
other
Interference from subscribers in the neighboring cells
P
N
Background noise of receiver
T External interference
Limited power model
P
TOT
=P
pil
+P
sync
+P
pag
+P
traf
+P
other

P
pil
Power of pilot channel
P
sync
Power of synchronous channel
P
pag
Power of paging channel
P
traf
Power of traffic channel
P
other
Power of other channel
Characteristics of CDMA network
Internal Use
Chapter 1 Characteristics of CDMA Network
Chapter 2 Interference analysis
Chapter 3 Reverse link capacity analysis
Chapter 4 Forward link capacity analysis
Chapter 5 Capacity planning
Internal Use
Interference at reverse link
I own Interference from subscribers in the local cell


Interference each subscriber should overcome: ITOT - Pj

P
j
is the receiving power of j
th
subscriber , V
j
is the voice activation
factor

Provided that the power control is ideal, then:





The value of Pj can be obtained:






The subscriber interference in the local cell is equal to the sum of all
other subscribers power reaching the receiver:

I nterference analysis
Internal Use

Interference due to the neighboring cell subscribers

It is difficult to conduct theoretical analysis of the interference
contributed by the neighboring cell subscribers, which is closely
related to the subscriber distribution, actual cellular layout, load
of neighboring cell, antenna pattern, etc.

f is adjacent cell interference factor and it is the ratio between the
intercell interference to the intra cell interference, i.e.




If the subscribers are distributed uniformly,

The typical value of f is 0.55 for an omni-directional cell

The typical value of f is 0.65 for 3-sectors directional cell
Interference at reverse link
I nterference analysis
Internal Use
Let
We can write
Since
Interference at reverse link
I nterference analysis
Internal Use

Where is uplink load factor:







The two main components of the reverse interference depends upon the cell load

When the load factor is equal to 1, ITOT reaches infinite. In this case, the corresponding
capacity is called the limit capacity

Assuming:

Power control is ideal

Interference from subscribers from neighbor cells is constant

From last equation we get

Interference at reverse link
I nterference analysis
Internal Use

Relationship between load factor and reverse interference
50% load -- 3dB
60 % load -- 4dB
75 % load -- 6dB
Interference at reverse link
I nterference analysis
Internal Use

Iown from subscribers in the local cell (Less interference due to Rake receiver)

Forward coherent demodulation of the local cell, the interference originates from
multipath, and defining the multipath factor. In the following graph, the horizontal
axis indicates the number of multipath components and the vertical axis
indicates the ratio of the co-channel interference to the total power spectrum in
the same cell. The distribution of multipath energy has a certain rule, according
to it, 87% of the energy is distributed into three strongest multipaths. The Rake
receiving technology is adopted to compensate this effect and achieve the 2-3dB
demodulation gain.
Interference at forward link
I nterference analysis
Internal Use
Interference at forward link
I nterference analysis

Interference from the neighboring cell subscribers

The interference from the neighboring cell is closely related to the
subscriber distribution. At the center of BTS, the interference from
the neighboring cell is very small, while at the edges of the cell, the
interference is very large

The horizontal axis indicates the distance from the mobile station
to the BTS, and the vertical axis indicates ratio of the forward link
interference from other cells to the forward link power received by
the local BTS (Ioc/S).

Internal Use
How to Control Interference

Influence of interference upon the network

Successful handoff rate

Access efficiency

Call drop rate

Conversation quality


How to control interference

Improve power control

Improve the Rake receiving efficiency

Reasonable network planning
I nterference analysis
Internal Use
Chapter 1 Characteristics of CDMA Network
Chapter 2 Interference analysis
Chapter 3 Reverse link capacity analysis
Chapter 4 Forward link capacity analysis
Chapter 5 Capacity planning
Internal Use
Reverse Capacity Model – Soft Blocking Model
)
) 1 (
) 1 (
(
2 2
2 2
2 2 2
2
1
0
c µ o
c µ o
o |
o |
' +
+ ÷
=
e M
e M X
R
W
Q B
cdma
dt e x Q
t
x
2 /
2
2
1
) (
÷
·
}
=
t
0
X
: Indicating the permitted cell load, determined by factors such as cell
coverage, etc.
10 / ) 10 (ln ,
) / (
= = | µ
|
t b
N E
e
2
o o、
: First order and second order factors for speech activation
c c ' 、
: First and second order interference factor
o : Power control covariance
M
: Cell capacity (Erlang)
R W/
: Spread frequency gain
CDMA
B
: Soft blocking possibility
Reverse link capacity analysis
Internal Use
Soft Capacity of the CDMA 1X System
Reverse Capacity Test Results:
Mean system load

70%

Soft blocking rate 2%

Interference factor 0.1

Power control covariance (dB)

2.5

Activation factor

1

Mean Eb/Nt value of traffic channel (dB)

2.7

Sector factor

2.55





Throughput of traffic channel in omni-directional
cell (Kbps)

307





Throughput of traffic channel in 120º sector
(Kbps)

261

Throughput of S111 BTS in 3-sector cell (Kbps)

783

Reverse link capacity analysis
Internal Use
Static 3km/h 8km/h 30km/h 100km/h
Mean load of the
system
50% 50% 50% 50% 50%
Service blocking rate 2% 2% 2% 2% 2%
Interference factor 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55
Basic
parameter
Second order
interference factor
0.086 0.086 0.086 0.086 0.086
Power control
covariance (dB)
2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Sector factor 2.55 2.55 2.55 2.55 2.55
Activation factor Select 0.4 for voice service and 1 for data service
Service
demodulation
threshold
6.6 7 7.8 9.2 8.8
IS95 voice Throughput of
omni-directional BTS
(Kbps)
78.5 70.6 56.9 38.7 43.3
Throughput of
directional TRX
(Kbps)
66.8 60.0 48.4 32.9 36.8

Typical values of reverse capacity
Reverse link capacity analysis
Eb/Nt increase
Throughput decrease
Internal Use
1X9.6K voice Service demodulation
threshold
5.08 5.57 6.34 7.13 6.78
Throughput of omni-
directional BTS
(Kbps)
117.2 103.1 84.2 68.2 74.9
Throughput of directional
TRX (Kbps)
99.6 87.6 71.5 57.9 63.6
1X19.2K
data
Service demodulation
threshold
3.4 4.11 4.96 5.96 5.37
Throughput of omni-
directional BTS
(Kbps)
138.5 113.0 88.1 65.4 78.0
Throughput of directional
TRX (Kbps)
117.7 96.0 74.9 55.6 66.3
1X38.4K
data
Service demodulation
threshold
2.59 3.01 3.64 4.78 4.26
Throughput of omni-
directional BTS
(Kbps)
145.7 128.4 105.9 74.2 87.4
Throughput of directional
TRX (Kbps)
123.8 109.1 90.1 63.1 74.3
Typical values of reverse capacity
Reverse link capacity analysis
Internal Use
1X76.8K data Service demodulation
threshold
2.15 2.47 3.01 4.28 3.57
Throughput of omni-
directional BTS (Kbps)
131.5 118.7 99.5 65.1 82.7
Throughput of directional
TRX (Kbps)
111.8 100.9 84.6 55.4 70.3
1X153.6Kdat
a
Service demodulation
threshold
1.54 1.98 2.51 3.8 2.68
Throughput of omni-
directional BTS (Kbps)
118.8 102.1 84.8 53.4 79.9
Throughput of directional
TRX (Kbps)
101.0 86.8 72.1 45.4 67.9
Typical values of reverse capacity
Reverse link capacity analysis
Internal Use
Mean Reverse Throughput of Sector TRX
M
d
= ¿K
i
R
i

M = ¿M
d
.P
d
V
i
+¿M
v
.P
v
V
i

M
v
:Throughput of TRX voice service
M
d
:Throughput of TRX data service

K
i
: Proportion of different service access
rates
R
i
: Different service access rates
P
d
: Data subscriber proportion
P
v
: Voice subscriber proportion
V
I
: Proportion of subscriber movement rate
At different service access rates, the air interface of the cdma-1X
system has different capacity. With the combination of traffic model
and subscriber proportion, the basic capacity of air interface can be
planned. Use the following formula:
Capacity planning
Internal Use
According to the traffic model provided by Zhengzhou Research Institute and
the subscriber proportion, the calculated TRX capacity of embedded omni-
directional cell is 110kbps in reverse link and 300kbps in forward link. For 120º
sector site, it is 94kbps in reverse link and 255kbps in forward link.

Reverse Capacity at Different Rates and Speeds
Capacity planning
Application rate proportion Static 3km/h 8km/h 30km/h 100km/h
Data subscriber 90% 5% 3% 2% 0%
Voice subscriber 60% 20% 14% 5% 1%
Access rate proportion 9.6kbps 19.2kbps 38.4kbps 76.8kbps 153.6kbps
Data subscriber 85% 8% 6% 1% 0%
Proportion of
subscriber service
type
Voice
subscribers
Data
subscribers
Mixed service
subscribers
Proportion of
voice
subscribers
Proportion of
data
subscribers
90% 0% 10% 90% 10%
Internal Use
Chapter 1 Characteristics of CDMA Network
Chapter 2 Interference analysis
Chapter 3 Reverse link capacity analysis
Chapter 4 Forward link capacity analysis
Chapter 5 Capacity planning
Internal Use



Note: The numbers in red indicate “exceeding the throughput of
single TRX”, which is solved by adding more TRXs.
TRXs & CE Configuration in the System (S1/1/1)
Capacity planning
Number of
subscribers per
sector
Voice service flux
(kbps)
Channels needed
for voice
service
Data service flux
(kbps)
Channels needed
for data
service
100 7.68 2 0.15 0.01
250 19.2 5 0.38 0.03
550 42.24 11 0.84 0.06
1150 88.32 23 1.75 0.12
1750 134.4 35 2.67 0.19
The real project planning should be based on the detailed subscriber configuration according to
the coverage planning and the subscriber distribution. The subscriber distribution is relatively
sparse in suburb areas, a small number of channels can meet the requirements, while in dense
urban areas, the subscribers are distributed densely, so more channels are needed to meet the
capacity requirements. The typical configuration is given below:
Internal Use

Capacity planning
The following results can be obtained from the above analysis:
Number of
subscribers per BTS
Basic configuration Considering soft
handover
Considering access
channel
Actual configured
channels considering
the blocking rate
100*3 S2/2/2 S3/3/3 S4/4/4 S7/7/7
250*3 S6/6/6 S8/8/8 S9/9/9 S12/12/12
550*3 S12/12/12 S16/16/16 S17/17/17 S21/21/21
1150*3 S24/24/24 S31/31/31 S32/32/32 S36/36/36
1750*3 S36/36/36 S47/47/47 S48/48/48 S52/52/52
Note: The numbers in red indicate “exceeding the throughput of
single TRX”, which is solved by adding more TRXs.
TRXs & CE Configuration in the System
Internal Use
Forward Link Capacity Model
]
. ) (
. 10
[
. .
) (
max
max
10 / ) (
max
pag
pag
p
sync
sync
pil
f T m
dB M
traf traf
traf
PG
N
PG P K R L N
P
K
PG
P M
µ µ
µ
µ o
÷ ÷ ÷
+
=
÷
 ) (
max
P M : Forward capacity ) (dB M : Demodulation threshold allowance

max
P : Maximum permitted power of BTS o : Speech activation factor (being 0.4 generally)

traf
PG : Processing gain of traffic channel;
sync
PG : Processing gain of synchronous channel;

pag
PG : Processing gain of Paging channel
traf
µ : Demodulation threshold of traffic channel;

pil
µ : Demodulation threshold of pilot channel;
sync
µ : Demodulation threshold of synchronous channel;

pag
µ : Demodulation threshold of paging channel
p
N : Number of paging channels in the cell

m
N : Thermal noise
traf
K : Subscriber distribution factor

f
K : Forward integrated interference factor (including interference inside and outside the cell)
 ) (R L
T
: Forward link attenuation (corresponding to the cell radius actually)

Forward link capacity analysis
Internal Use
Forward Capacity Test Results
Forward link capacity analysis
Background noise (dBm) -105
Path loss (dB) 130
System interference index 1.4
Geographic distribution coefficient of subscribers 0.4
Maximum transmitting power (W) 20
Demodulation threshold of pilot channel (dB) -15
Demodulation threshold of synchronous channel (dB) 6
Demodulation threshold of paging channel (dB) 6
Demodulation threshold of traffic channel (dB) 7
Throughput of omni-directional station (Kbps) 401
Throughput of traffic channel in 120º sector

(Kbps) 341
Throughput of S111 BTS in 3-sector cell (Kbps) 1024
Forward Capacity Test Results:
Generally: Forward Capacity > Reverse Capacity
Internal Use
Typical Value Of Forward Capacity
static 3km/h 8km/h 30km/h 100km/h
Basic Parameter thermal noise -105 -105 -105 -105 -105
forward link attenuation 130 130 130 130 130
forward link interference factor 2 2 2 2 2
subscriber distribution factor 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
BTS maximum transmission power (W) 20 20 20 20 20
pilot channel demodulation threshold (dB) -15 -15 -15 -15 -15
sync channel demodulation threshold (dB) 6 6 6 6 6
paging channel demodulation threshold (dB) 6 6 6 6 6
CDMA 1X 9.6k Voice service service demodulation threshold 6.8 7.46 8.49 9.54 9.08
cell throughput (Kbps) 285.7 245 193 152 169
CDMA 1X 19.2k Data service service demodulation threshold 4.8 5.8 7 8.41 7.58
cell throughput (Kbps) 452.8 359 272 197 238
CDMA 1X 38.4k Data service service demodulation threshold 4.5 5.23 6.32 8.31 7.4
cell throughput (Kbps) 485.2 410 319 201 248
CDMA 1X 76.8k Data service service demodulation threshold 3.6 4.14 5.04 7.17 5.98
cell throughput (Kbps) 596.8 527 428 262 345
CDMA 1X 153.6k Data service service demodulation threshold 3.2 4.11 5.22 7.9 5.57
cell throughput (Kbps) 654.46 530 411 221.76 379.21
Forward link capacity analysis
Internal Use
Forward Capacity Characteristics of the System

For different service type, the total capacity of equipment is
different.

The movement speed has great influences on the system
capacity.

In the central area of a cell, the forward interference is
mainly because of multipath.

At the borders of a cell, the forward interference is mainly
because of the neighboring cells.

The capacity of forward link depends upon the total
transmitting power of the cell and the distribution of the
transmitting power in the traffic channel and other
additional channels.

The subscriber distribution has direct influence upon the
forward capacity of the BTS.
Forward link capacity analysis
Internal Use

Reverse capacity

The coherent demodulation of reverse pilot is adopted for traffic
channels and the Turbo code is used for the data service so that
the reverse demodulation performance is improved. The reverse
capacity of the CDMA-1X is 2 to 3 times that of the IS-95.

Forward capacity

The quick power control technique is used for the forward
channel so that the power control accuracy is improved and the
mean forward transmitting power is decreased. Moreover turbo
code is used for the data service. The forward capacity of the
CDMA-1X is 1.5 to 2 times that of the IS-95.
Comparison of Capacity Characteristics
between IS-95 and CDMA-1X
Forward link capacity analysis
Internal Use
Chapter 1 Characteristics of CDMA Network
Chapter 2 Interference analysis
Chapter 3 Reverse link capacity analysis
Chapter 4 Forward link capacity analysis
Chapter 5 Capacity planning
Internal Use
Considerations in CDMA 1X Network Planning

Area division and traffic model analysis

Determine the planned capacity of single TRx in the target area

Conduct capacity-based network planning so as to determine the
number of BTSs and TRxs.

Configuration of BTS

Configuration of Abis interface

Configuration of BSC

Configuration of A interface

Configuration of MSC

Configuration of PDSN and Radius Server
Capacity planning
Internal Use
CDMA 1X Capacity Planning

Data-Voice Traffic Model



Configuration of TRXs and Channel
Resources in the System
Capacity planning
Internal Use
Voice Service Model

For voice service, the 2G and 3G systems do not differ with
respect to subscriber behavior, service type and resource
occupation. A standard model is available for the 2G voice service
in the telecom industry, so the analysis results of the model are
directly quoted.
Voice service model
Service blocking rate 2%
Primary channel rate (Kbps) 9.6
Traffic (Erl) 0.02
Soft handover proportion 30%
Capacity planning
Internal Use

For voice services, the fixed rate channel is adopted and Erl is
used to describe the processing capability of equipment. Once the
data service is imported, different services lead to different mean
subscriber rates, in such case it is difficult to describe the
occupation in Erl. To describe this, Huawei uses throughput, which
is:

Throughput = Traffic strength*Data rate*Activation factor
Voice Capacity Described in Throughput
r
Av S o v × × =
Capacity planning
Internal Use
Data Service Model (1)
Capacity planning
Sum (Data service rate x Statistic proportion of distribution)
Internal Use
Throughput at busy hour:
3600 3 2 1 ÷ × × × × × = R M M M T n S
M1: Centralized coefficient on busy day N: Access service count T: Mean communication time
M2:Centralized coefficient on busy hours M3: duty cycle R: Mean data service rate
Capacity planning
Information
query
WWW
browse
& WAP
E_mail FTP Voice & video
multimedia flow
service
E-
commerc
e
Other
s
Monthly use times 60 60 60 60 5 20 15
Centralized
coefficient on
busy day
0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Centralized
coefficient on
busy hours
0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mean use time (s) 120 300 15 30 300 120 60
Duty cycle 0.1 0.1 0.75 0.8 0.8 0.1 0.1
Throughput (bps) 26.21 65.53 24.57 52.42 43.68 8.74 3.28
Estimated action of high-end users in the
early phase of network
Internal Use
Capacity planning
Information
query
WWW
browse
& WAP
E_mail FTP Voice & video
multimedia flow
service
E-
commerc
e
Other
s
Monthly use times 60 60 60 60 5 20 15
Centralized
coefficient on
busy day
0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Centralized
coefficient on
busy hours
0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mean use time (s) 120 300 15 30 300 120 60
Duty cycle 0.1 0.1 0.75 0.8 0.8 0.1 0.1
Throughput (bps) 26.21 65.53 24.57 52.42 43.68 8.74 3.28
Estimated action of high-end users in the
early phase of network
 The throughput of high-end subscribers is 250 bps
 The uplink and downlink proportion is 1:4
Thus uplink throughput is 50bps and downlink throughput is 200bps
Total throughput = 250bps Total throughput = 250bps
Internal Use
 The throughput of the low-end subscribers is 35 bps
 The uplink and downlink proportion is 1: 4
Thus the uplink throughput is 7bps and the downlink throughput is 28bps.
Capacity planning
Information
query
WWW
browse &
WAP
E_mail FTP Voice &
video
multimedia
E-commerce Others
Monthly useage 30 30 20 30 0 10 10
Centralized
coefficient on busy
day
0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0 0.05 0.05
Centralized
coefficient on busy
hours
0.1 0.12 0.1 0.1 0 0.1 0.1
Mean use time (s) 120 300 15 30 0 120 60
Duty cycle 0.1 0.1 0.75 0.8 0 0.1 0.1
Throughput (bps) 4.80 14.40 3.00 9.6 0 1.60 0.8
Total throughput = 250bps Total throughput = 35bps
Data Service Model (2)
Internal Use
Classification and Definition of Subscriber Behavior
Capacity planning
r
v Av S o × × = 9600
Service allocation and value of voice subscribers (reverse channel)
Subscriber type Proportion Traffic of single
subscriber (Erlang)
Data service throughput of single subscriber (bps)
Voice 100% 0.02 =76.8
Pure voice subscriber service model
S S d =
S S d =
Service allocation and value of voice subscribers (reverse channel)
Subscriber type Proportion Data service throughput of single subscriber (bps)
Low-end pure data
subscriber
80%
= 7
High-end pure data
subscriber
20%
= 50
Pure data subscriber service model
Internal Use
Capacity planning
l l t t
r
d v
P S P S
Av S
× + × +
× × = o 9600 ,
Allocation and value of mixed service (reverse channel)
Subscriber type
Proportion
Traffic of single
subscriber
(Erlang)
Data service throughput
of single subscriber
(bps)
Mixed service throughput of
single subscriber (bps)
voice 100% 0.02 76.8

=92.4
High-end data 20% - 50
Low-end data 80% - 7
Mixed service model
Classification and Definition of Subscriber Behavior
Internal Use

Data Voice Traffic Model


Configuration of TRXs and Channel
Resources in the System
CDMA 1X Capacity Planning
Internal Use
Configuration Procedures of BSS Equipment
Calculate the subscriber throughput according
to the traffic model and subscriber distribution
Calculate the number of channels
to configure the BTS
Configure the BSC voice processing board and data processing board
according to the channel type and the number of each type of channel
Configure the number of links such as A1/A2,A10/11 and
A3/A7 according to the traffic model
The coverage and capacity planning are
combined with the calculation of the number of
TRXs and BTSs
Capacity planning
Internal Use
Um interface channel (FCH with soft handoff +
SCH without soft handoff + Common channel)
Characteristics of the CSM5000 chip:
In forward direction 64 CEs, each CE can
demodulate a 9.6k FCH/SCH
In reverse direction 32 CEs, each CE can
demodulate a 19.2k SCH/FCH

Characteristics of DSP chip:
The voice FCH channel is equivalent to a 9.6k channel
The data FCH channel is equivalent to a 9.6k channel
The data SCH channel is equivalent to multiple 9.6K
channels
Abis interface (including
soft handoff branch)
Voice Data
Channel Processing Board
FMR frame processing board
PM Frame
TC Frame
(Not including soft handoff
branch)
Voice channel
Data channel
Capacity planning
Flow Diagram
Internal Use
Characteristics of Equipment

In the CDMA-1X system, different channel boards have different processing capability.
Therefore, analysis the processing capability of each channel processing unit before
configuration.

Channel processing board of BTS: At present, two types of boards are available
1: With four CSM5000 chips.
Each CSM5000 chip process the 64 forward CEs and 32 reverse CEs.
2: With two CSM5000 chips.

FMR board (BM/BSC): Each board provides 320 channels demodulation resources.
Each demodulation resource can process an FCH channel or a 9.6k SCH channel.

EVC board (TC/BSC): Each board provides 192 voice channels processing units.

PPU board (PM/BSC): Each PPU board provides data throughput of 16Mb and each
PM frame can provide 2500 activated PPP connections.
Capacity planning
Internal Use
Suppose the subscribers in Area 1 are 800000
The subscriber service behavior: Number of pure voice subscribers P
v
=90%,
Number of pure data service subscribers P
d
=0%,
Number of mixed service subscribers P
v,d
=10%.
Plan according to the 50% mean load
The blocking rate of the system is 2%
The voice traffic is 0.02Erl.
The mean throughput of high-end subscribers is 250bps.
The mean throughput of low-end subscribers is 35bps.
The proportion of forward and reverse subscriber data is 4:1.
A case study
Capacity planning
Internal Use
TRX & CE Configuration
Capacity planning
TT
TRx
Num
ber of
subscribers, a
single TRx can
Accommodate
M
Minimumn
umber of
TRXs
needed
B
BTS
type
N
Number of
subscribers, a
single TRX can
Accommodate
M
Minimum number
of BTSs needed
S1 1229 651 S1/1/1 3687 217
O1 1437 557 O1 1437 557
Mean subscriber throughput in the coverage area = Sv × Pv + Sd × Pd + Sd,v × Pd,v
= 76.8*90%+92.4*10%=78.36bps
Number of subscribers a single TRX can accommodate = Mean throughput of a single TRX
Mean subscriber throughput in the coverage area
=94*1024/78.36=1229
Number of TRXs needed = Number of subscribers in the coverage area
Number of subscribers a single TRX can accommodate
= 800000/1229=651
For 120º sector site, the calculated TRX
capacity is 94kbps in reverse link
Internal Use

BTS channel board, the forward and reverse CEs process the forward and
reverse channels independently. Each forward CE can demodulate an FCH or a
9.6k SCH channel, while a reverse CE can demodulate an FCH channel or a
19.2k SCH channel. In one BTS, multiple sectors share the same CE resources.
Please configure the CEs based upon the subscriber services in the coverage
area of each BTS.

In actual application, common channels should be reserved for the cells. For
each sector, a reverse CE should be reserved for reverse access channel.
While three forward CEs should be reserved for the processing of forward pilot,
synchronous and paging channels.

Soft handoff branches of the CDMA system occupy the CE processing
resources. Currently only FCH takes part in the soft handoff while the SCH
does not take part in the soft handoff. During the data service analysis,
carefully consider which data are transferred by the FCH channel and which
data are transferred by the SCH channel.

In a BTS, currently two types of channel boards are provided, type A and B.
Capacity planning
TRX & CE Configuration
Internal Use
In our example, the voice subscribers are 90%, so we consider the reverse limitation i.e. configure the channels in reverse way.
From observations, when the data subscribers reach 70% then there will be the forward limitation on resources. The reverse
configuration method is as follows:

Voice channel resource = Voice subscriber throughput
Voice flux/Voice activation factor

FCH channel resource = FCH data throughput
(Primary rate of FCH data*Utilization ratio of data demodulation resource)

SCH channel resource= SCH data throughput
(Primary rate of SCH data* Utilization ratio of data demodulation resource)

The SCH channel does not take part in the soft handoff.

Total channel resource after soft handoff =
(Voice channel resource + FCH channel resource)
(1 - Soft handoff proportion)

Consider configuring a common access channel for each sector.

Number of channels to be configured = ErlB_B (Basic channel resource of BTS, service blocking rate)

Voice subscriber throughput = Planned number of subscribers a single TRX can accommodate*
(Proportion of pure voice subscribers + Proportion of mixed service subscribers) * Voice subscriber
throughput
Capacity planning
TRX & CE Configuration
+SCH Channel Resource
Internal Use
The detailed configuration of channels and CSM5000 chips should be based upon the
coverage of the BTS and the number of subscribers a single TRX can accommodate. For
the initial planning, we can configure according the approximate estimation of the traffic
coverage:

The number of subscribers a single TRX can accommodate according to the
analysis results of the model developed by Zhengzhou research institute: 1229

Voice throughput =1229*(90%+10%)*76.8=94387.2bps

Data FCH throughput
=(1229*10%*80%*7)+(1229*10%*20%*50*36.6%)=1138.05bps

Data SCH throughput =1229*10%*20%*50*63.4%=779.19bps

Number of voice channel resources =94387.2/(9600*0.4)=24.58

Number of data FCH resources =1138.05/9600=0.12

Number of data SCH resources =779.19/(9600*1.5)=0.05

Considering 30% soft handoff =[(24.58+0.12)/(1-30%)]+0.05=35.3

Number of common channel per sector =1

Number of CEs per BTS =ErlB_B(36.3*3,0.02)=122

Number of channels needed for 800, 000 subscribers =122*217=26474
Capacity planning
TRX & CE Configuration
Needs 2 pcs Type A CCPM,
or 1 pc Type B CCPM
FCH Throughput Proportion=
9.6/26.21x 100%
Internal Use
Number of voice FCH channels = Number of subscribers*Proportion of voice
subscribers*Voice subscriber traffic
=800000*(90%+10%)*0.02=16000

Number of data FCH channels =(Number of subscribers* Proportion of data
subscribers*Proportion of low-end subscribers*Throughput of low-end
subscribers*Forward proportion+ Number of subscribers* Proportion of data
subscribers* Proportion of high-end subscribers* Throughput of high-end
subscribers*Forward proportion*FCH data proportion)/FCH processing
capability
=[(800000*(0%+10%)*80%*35*80%]+[800000*(0%+10%)*20%*250
*80%*36.4%)]/9600=308

Number of data SCH channels =(Number of subscribers * Proportion of data
subscribers * Proportion of high-end subscribers * Throughput of high-end
subscribers * Forward proportion *SCH data proportion)/SCH processing
capability =[800000*(0%+10%)*20%*250*80%*(1-36.4%)]/9600=212
Calculation of BSC Processing Channel
Capacity planning
Internal Use
Number of FMR channels to be configured= Number of FCH channels/(1- soft
handoff proportion) + Number of data SCH channels
=[(16000+308)/(1- 30%)]+212=23510

Number of voice channels in the TC frame (EVC)
= 800000*0.02= 16000

Reverse data traffic flow in the PM frame (PPU)
=(800000*10%*15.6/1024/1024)=1.2M
The forward and reverse proportion is 4:1, so the data traffic in the PM frame is
=1.2*5= 6Mbps

Provided that the subscribers are averagely distributed, then the hardware
resources to be configured are as follows:
Number of FMR boards = 23510/320= 74 pieces
Number of EVC boards = 16000/192= 84 pieces
Number of PPU boards = 6/16= 1 piece
Calculation of BSC Processing Channels
Capacity planning
Data= Mixed – voice
= 92.4 – 76.8 = 15.6
Internal Use

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