# Tolerance interpretation

Dr. Richard A. Wysk ISE316 Fall 2010

Agenda
• Introduction to tolerance interpretation • Tolerance stacks • Interpretation

Tolerance interpretation • Frequently a drawing has more than one datum – How do you interpret features in secondary or tertiary drawing planes? – How do you produce these? – Can a single set-up be used? .

5 + 1.05+.05 1.05) = ± 0.TOLERANCE STACKING Case #1 1 4 2 3 1.0±.15 .05+.0 t1-4 = ± (.0 + 1.05 What is the expected dimension and tolerances? D1-4= D1-2 + D2-3 + D3-4 =1.5±.0±.05 ? 1.

05 What is the expected dimension and tolerances? D3-4= D1-4 .5±.05+.TOLERANCE STACKING Case #2 1 4 2 3 1.5±.15 .05 1.05) = ± 0.0±.(D1-2 + D2-3 ) = 1.0 t3-4 =  (t1-4 + t1-2 + t2-3 ) t3-4 = ± (.05 3.05+.

50±0.05 1.05+.05 ? 3.05+.15 .05) = ± 0.TOLERANCE STACKING Case #3 1 4 2 3 1.00’±0.05 What is the expected dimension and tolerances? D2-3= D1-4 .(D1-2 + D3-4 ) = 1.0’±.5 t2-3 = t1-4 + t1-2 + t3-4 t2-3 = ± (.

05 accuracy per cut.From a Manufacturing Point-of-View Case #1 1 4 Let’s suppose we have a wooden part and we need to saw. 2 3 1.0±.05 1. Let’s further assume that we can achieve  .0±.0±.05 ? 1.05 How will the part be produced? .

Process 3 2 Let’s try the following (in the same setup) -cut plane 2 -cut plane 3 Will they be of appropriate quality? .Mfg.

So far we’ve used Min/Max Planning • We have taken the worse or best case • Planning for the worse case can produce some bad results – cost .

005 + 0.010 (AS PREVIOUS) SEMI-FINISH BORING FINISH BORING COUNTER-BORING (SPOT-FACING) END MILLING + 0.0005 0.005 + 0.Expectation • What do we expect when we manufacture something? PROCESS DRILLING REAMING DIMENSIONAL ACCURACY + 0.001 + 0.005 0.001 + 0.007 .005 0.0.008 .005 0.003 POSITIONAL ACCURACY 0.

location.Size. etc. is the mean 2. the most likely size.45 2.55 .5 2. location and orientation are random variables • For symmetric distributions.

What does the Process tolerance chart represent? • Normally capabilities represent + 3 s • Is this a good planning metric? .

we would surmise the 3of our parts would be good 99. . set by a location 2=process variance Let’s further assume that we set = D1-2 and that =. 2) dimension where (this simplifies things) =mean value.05/3 or 3=.An Example Let’s suggest that the cutting process produces  (.73% of our dimensions are good.05 For plane 2.

05 D1-2 2.We know that (as specified) D2-3 = 1.95 1.5 2.5  .05 If one uses a single set up. then (as produced) and .45 2.0 1.55 D1-2 D1-3 D2-3 = D1-3 - D1-2 .

N(.) are normal N(2.i.5 1.5.0. (.45} Sums of i.X1-2>1.10/3)2) So D2-3 1. (.X1-2<1.5.55} + P{X1-3.d.6 . (.What is the probability that D2-3 is bad? P{X1-3.05/3)2) +[(-)N(1.05/3)2)]= N (1.4 1.

55}-1 P {X2-3 < 1. .45} (1-.The likelihood of a bad part is P {X2-3 > 1. calculate the likelihood that D1-4 will be “out of tolerance” given the same logic.933) + (1-.933) = .137 As a homework.

~ 10 – 100 • Electronic components may have 10.000 devices .What about multiple features? • Mechanical components seldom have 1 feature -.000.

9865 .i. the P{bad part} = [1..Suppose we have a part with 5 holes • Let’s assume that we plan for + 3 s for each hole • If we assume that each hole is i.d.99735 = .0 – P{bad feature}]5 = .

986 50 features = 0.Success versus number of features 1 feature = 0.0669 .8735 100 features = 0.9973 5 features = 0.7631 1000 features = 0.

Should this strategy change? .