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• Telecommunication processor. • Telecommunication software's. • Fixed line networks • Wireless network. • Terminals. • Components used in telecommunication networks. . • Private network. • Telecommunication channels. • Types of telephone networks. • Examples.CONTENTS • Introduction. • Telecommunication computers.
• A telecommunications network is a collection of terminals. Networks may use circuit switches or message switching.INTRODUCTION • A telephone network is a telecommunications network used for telephone calls between two or more parties. links and nodes which connect to enable telecommunication between users of the terminals. . • Now a days we are surrounded by number of telephone network and we are familiar to these network.
This is usually used inside companies and call centres and is called a private branch exchange (PBX)..TYPES OF TELEPHONE NETWORK • A fixed line network where the telephones must be directly wired into a single telephone exchange. This is known as the public switched telephone network or PSTN. • A wireless network where the telephones are mobile and can move around anywhere within the coverage area • A private network where a closed group of telephones are connected primarily to each other and use a gateway to reach the outside world. .
Originally a network of fixed-line analogy telephone systems. . thus allowing any telephone in the world to communicate with any other. It consists of telephone lines. fiber optic cables. • These landline telephone lines are connected to public switched telephone network(PSTN). celluar networks. microwave transmission links. and undersea telephine cables.FIXED LINE NETWORK • A landline telephone (also known as land line. and fixed-line) refers to a phones which uses a solid medium telephone lines such as a metal wires or fiber optic cables for transmission as distinguished from a mobile cellular lines which uses radio waves for transmission. main line. the PSTN is now almost entirely digital in its core and includes mobile as well as fixed telephones. communication satellite. all inter-connected by switching centers. land-line.
FIXED LINE NETWORK .
since no cable running here and there. • Neat and easy Installation .WIRELESS NETWORK • Wireless network refers to any type of network that is not connected by cables of any kind. just start up the wireless device and you're ready to rumble. • More user supported . • Mobility . .cable device have limited slots whereas wireless does not.user device can be moved easily within the wireless range.
WIRELESS NETWORKS BASIC WIRELESS NETWORK TYPICAL WIRELESS NETWORK .
• These private network has there own telephone exchange these exchange are known as Private branch exchange(PNX).PRIVATE NETWORKS • Telephone network that serves a particular business or office. • The primary advantage of PBXs was cost savings on internal phone calls: handling the circuit switching locally reduced charges for local phone service. as opposed to one that a common carrier or telephone company operates for many businesses or for the general public is known as private network. .
PRIVATE NETWORKS .
• Telecommunications channels. These basic components includes:• Terminals .COMPONENTS USED IN TELEPHONE NETWORK • All telecommunication networks are made up of five basic components that are present in each network environment regardless of type or use. . • Telecommunications processors. • Telecommunications control software. • Computers.
• The above figure represent basic terminal which is used for transmit and receive data. . Any input or output device that is used to transmit or receive data can be classified as a terminal component.TERMINALS • Terminals are the starting and stopping points in any telecommunication network environment.
(i.TELECOMMUNICATION PROCESSOR • Telecommunications processors support data transmission and reception between terminals and computers by providing a variety of control and support functions. convert data from digital to analog and back) .e.
TELECOMMUNICATION CHANNELS • Telecommunications channels are the way by which data is transmitted and received. . Fibre-optical cabling are increasingly used to bring faster and more robust connections to businesses and homes. Telecommunication channels are created through a variety of media of which the most popular include copper wires and coaxial cables (structured cabling).
.COMPUTERS • In a telecommunication environment computers are connected through media to perform their communication assignments.
SOFTWARES • Telecommunications control software is present on all networked computers and is responsible for controlling network activities and functionality. .
TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORK STRUCHER • Every telecommunications network conceptually consists of three parts: • The control part carries control information. • The data part carries the network's users traffic. • The management part carries the operations and administration traffic required for the network management. .
and generally the most popular protocol stack for wide area networks. because of its most important protocols: Transmission Control Protocol(TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP). It is commonly known as TCP/IP. which were the first networking protocols defined in this standard.EXAMPLE: THE TCP/IP DATA NETWORK • The Internet protocol suite is the set of communication protocols used for the internet and similar networks. .
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