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E-Business Systems

Ki Ho Kim

What is e-Business System?


The conducting of business using the Internet, other networks and information technologies, not just the buying and selling of goods but also servicing customers, collaborating with business partners, conducting e-learning and processing electronic transactions. 1. E-tailing, or virtual storefronts on Web sites. 1. Online business-to-business transactions.

2. Electronic data interchange (EDI), the business-to-business exchange of data using compatible software.
3. Email, instant messaging, and other Web-enabled communication tools and their use as media for reaching prospective and existing customers. 4. The gathering and use of demographic, product and other information through Web contacts.

E-commerce vs. E-business

e-Commerce is defined as buying and selling over digital media. e-Business encompasses e-commerce, but also includes both fontand back office applications that form the engine for modern business. It also redefines old business models, with the aid of technology, to maximize customer value.

What is Cross-Functional Enterprise System?


It cross the boundaries of traditional business functions in order to reengineer and improve vital business processes all across the enterprise. It provides significant business value to a company, its customers and partners.

Examples: Customer Relationship Management (CRM) Partner Relationship Management (PRM) Supply Chain Management (SCM) Knowledge Management (KM)

Enterprise Application Architecture

How does a business interconnect some of the cross-functional enterprise systems?


Enterprise Application Integration (EAI) software Enables users to model the business processes involved in the interactions that should occur between business applications. Provides middleware that performs data conversion and coordination, application communication and messaging services and access to the application interfaces involved

Integrate a variety of enterprise application clusters by letting them exchange data according to rules derived from the business process models developed by users.
Integrate the front-office and back-office applications of a business so they worked together in a seamless, integrated way.

Enterprise Application Integration

Figure show that, how EAI software can integrate the front office & back office applications of an E-business.

Enterprise Application Integration

Here, EAI software connects major e-business applications like CRM & ERP. Thats because EAI integrates access to the entire customer and product data representative need to quickly serve customers. EAI also streamlines sales order processing so products and services can be delivered faster. Thus, EAI improves customer & supplier experience with the business because of its responsiveness.

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Transactional Processing Systems

What is Transaction Processing Systems (TPS)?


Are cross-functional information systems designed to process routine business transactions. It support business processes mainly accounting & finance transactions e.g, Purchases & Orders, banking, financial, stocks, airline reservation system.

Transactions are events that occur as part of doing business such as sales, purchases, deposits withdrawals, refunds and payments. Online transaction processing systems Plays a strategic role in electronic commerce. These real-time systems, which capture and process transactions immediately, can help them provide superior service to customers and other trading partners. Many firms are using the Internet, extranets and other networks that tie them electronically to their customers or suppliers for online transaction processing (OLTP).

Value of Transaction Processing System (TPS)


Efficiency Paperless Transactions Reduce manual data entry Speed up transaction process Elimination of redundant steps

Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) Real Time systems, immediate feedback Real time Reports and databases updates

The Transaction Processing Cycle

5 Basic Activities of Transaction Processing Cycle :


1) Data Entry 2) Transaction Processing 3) Database Maintenance

4) Document and Report Generation


5) Inquiry Processing

5 Basic Activities of Transaction Processing Cycle :


1) Data Entry The process of collecting and capturing transactions. The data is collected by scanning, recording, coding and editing activities.
Examples of devices used in data automation include: Point-of-Sale (POS) transaction terminals ATM (Automated Teller Machine) terminals Optical character recognition (OCR) scanners and wands PCs and network computers with cash drawers as intelligent POS terminals. Portable digital radio terminals and pen-based tablet for remote data entry PCs equipped with touch screens and voice recognition systems for data entry. Bar coded tags Magnetic stripe cards Electronic website on the Internet.

5 Basic Activities of Transaction Processing Cycle :


2) Transaction Processing

Two basic ways that Transaction Processing systems process the data: Batch Processing All transactions for a period of time would be collected in a group (called a batch), input & processed as a unit. This was normally done at regular intervals, such as every hour, day or week.
Real-time Processing - also called online transaction processing (OLTP) where each transaction is processed immediately as it occurs. The drawback to OLTP is the high costs because of its fault tolerance features that can continue to operate even if the parts of the system fail.

5 Basic Activities of Transaction Processing Cycle :


3) Database Maintenance It is designed to keep a database running smoothly. It is also used to keep the database clean and well organized so that it will not lose functionality.
TPS helps ensure the databases are up-to-date and correct. 4) Document and Report Generation Transaction processing systems produce a variety of documents and reports. Examples of transaction documents include: Purchase Orders Pay checks Sales receipts Invoices Bank statements

5 Basic Activities of Transaction Processing Cycle :


5) Inquiry Processing Many transaction processing systems allow you to use the Internet, intranets, extranets and Web browsers or database management query languages to make inquiries and receive responses concerning the results of transaction processing activity Examples of queries: Checking on the status of a sales order Checking on the balance in an account Checking on the amount of stock inventory

What is Enterprise Collaboration Systems (ECS)?


Its main objective is to provide each user with the tools that enhance communication ,coordination and collaboration to specific team and individual with the enterprise. Operational employees can work together more easily and effectively. Example of software tools that enhance enterprise collaboration: Electronic Communication Tools Help user share everything from voice and text messages to copies of project documents and data files within workgroup. Electronic Conferencing Tools Help people communicate and collaborate as they worked together. It enable the embers of the team and workgroups at different locations to exchange ideas interactively at the same time or at different times. Collaborative Work Management Tools Help people accomplish or manage group work activities

Diagram

Functional Business Systems


Joy Ngo

Functional Business Systems


Various types of information systems that support the business functions of: Accounting Finance Marketing Operations management Human resource management

How Information Systems can be grouped into business functions categories

Real World Case 2: Nationwide Insurance- Unified Financial Reporting and One Version of the Truth
Nationwide Insurance, a diversified insurance and financial services company Headquarters: Columbus, Ohio CEO: Jerry Jurgensen CFO: Robert A. Rosholt CIO: Michael Keller Revenue: $160 billion in assets; $21 billion in annual revenues Employees: 36,000 IT Employees: 5,500

Focus Project Fast Facts: 280 team members worked 1.2 million man hours (including overtime) over 24 months

Real World Case 2: Nationwide Insurance- Unified Financial Reporting and One Version of the Truth
Started transformation in early 2004 Master Data Management that would alter: How every Nationwide business reported its financials How accounting personnel did their jobs How data were governed and by whom How the companys information systems would pull all that together Financial transformation program called FOCUS used 14 general ledgers 12 reporting tools 17 financial data repositories 300,000 spreadsheets

Real World Case 2: Nationwide Insurance- Unified Financial Reporting and One Version of the Truth
Followed 80/20 rule Get roughly 80% of the project up and running in 24 hours then fix the remaining 20% later. The requirements, definitions and parameters were mapped out:

Two rules
Financial-related systems had to be subscribers to the central book of record None of the master data in any of the financial applications could ever be out of sync.

Final step is to evaluate technologies that would follow and enforce the rules.
March 2005 the team started rolling out the new Focus System Fall of 2005 new business processes and financial data governance mechanisms actually being used by Nationwide employees and it all was working.

Marketing Information Systems

Marketing Information Systems


The business function of marketing is concerned with the following to better serve present and potential customers. planning, promotion sale of existing products in existing markets development of new products and new markets Marketing information systems integrate the information flow required by many marketing activities. Provide information for:

Marketing Information Systems


Interactive Marketing is a type of marketing that is based on using the internet, intranets and extranets to establish two-way interaction between a business and its customers. GOAL: to enable a company to profitably use the networks to attract and keep customers who will become partners with the business in creating, purchasing and improving products and services. Targeted Marketing has become an important tool in developing advertising and promotion strategies for a companys electronic commerce websites. Five targeting components:

Marketing Information Systems


Sales Force Automation The sales force is being outfitted with notebook computers that connect them to Web browsers and sales contact management software that connect them to marketing websites on the internet, extranets and their company intranets GOAL: Increase the personal productivity of sales people Speeds up the capture and analysis of sales data Allows marketing and sales management to improve the delivery of information and the support they provide to their sales people Gain a strategic advantage in sales productivity and marketing responsiveness.

Manufacturing Systems

Manufacturing Systems
Supports production/operations functions All activities concerned with planning and control of the processes that produce goods or services

Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) is an overall concept that stresses that the goals of computer use in factory-automation must be to: Simplify/Reengineer Automate Integrate Goal: Flexible manufacturing systems Agile manufacturing Total quality management

Manufacturing Systems
Results of CIM- enables a company to quickly respond to and fulfill customer requirements with high-quality products and services Uses of CIM: Computer-aided engineering (CAE) Computer-aided design (CAD)

Computer-aided process planning (CAPP)


Material requirements planning (MRP) Manufacturing resource planning (MRP-II) Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) Manufacturing execution systems- performance monitoring information systems for factory floor operations. Monitor, track and control five essential components: Material Equipment

Personnel
Instructions and specification Production facilities

Manufacturing Systems
Benefits of CIM: Increased efficiency through: Work simplification and automation Better production schedule planning Better balancing of production workloads in production capacity Improved utilization of facilities, higher productivity, better quality control through: Continuous monitoring Feedback and control of factory operations, equipment and robots Reduced investments in production inventories and facilities through: Work simplification Just-in-time inventory policies Better planning and control Production Finished goods requirements

Manufacturing Systems
Benefits of CIM: Improved customer service through: Reducing out-of-stock situations Producing high-quality products that better meet customer requirements Process Control Use of computers to control an ongoing physical process Requires the use of special sensing devices that measure physical phenomena such as temperature of pressure changes These continuous physical measurement are converted to digital form by analog-to-digital converters and relayed to computers for processing Machine Control (Numerical control) Use of computers to control the actions of machines The computer-based control of machine tools to manufacture products of all kinds.

Human Resource Systems

Human Resource Systems


Involves recruiting, placement, evaluation, compensation and development of the employees of an organization. GOAL: effective and efficient use of human resources of a company

Human Resource Systems


HRM and the Internet Major force for change in HR management Recruiting employees through recruitment sections of corporate websites Using commercial recruiting services and databases on the world wide web Posting messages in Internet newsgroups Communicating with job applicants by Internet e-mail HRM and the Corporate Intranet Allows HRM Dept. provide services to employees Allows the dissemination of valuable information faster Collect information online from employees Enables employees to perform HRM tasks Serve as a superior training tool Enables employees to produce automated paycheck

True or False
1. One component of targeted marketing is tracking the online behavior of customers who visit a companys website. Answer: TRUE Computer-aided manufacturing systems can include both process control and machine control. Answer: TRUE 3. Employee self-service intranet applications frequently allow employees to view their benefits, enter travel and expense reports and compare the salaries of different employees.

2.

Answer: FALSE

Accounting System Financial Management Systems


Harry HJ Yang

Accounting System
Accounting Information System record and report business transaction and other economic events that report: Flow of fund through an organization;

Financial statements; and


Projected financial statements

Operational accounting systems include:

Transaction processing systems such as order processing;


Inventory control systems; Accounts receivable systems; Accounts payable systems; Payroll systems; and General ledger systems

Accounting System
sales order accounts
receivable

processing

billing

receivable

cash

general ledger

reporting

financial

cash receipts and disbursements transaction processing systems sales analysis sales transaction processing system purchase transaction processing system
purchase

accounts payable

cash disbursement

general ledger processing and reporting system

payroll

payroll transaction processing system

inventory
processing

timekeeping

Financial Management Systems


Support company concerning: Financing of a business; and Allocation and control of financial resources
Information Systems in Finance

cash Management

cash Management

cash Management

cash Management

Forecast and manage cash position

Manage short-term and other securities

Evaluate risk/return of capital expenditures

Forecast financial performance and financing needs

Financial Management Systems


Outline of the System Uses financial forecasts concerning the economic situation, business operation, types of financing available, interest rates, and stock and bond prices to develop an optimal financing plan for the business. Electronic spreadsheet packages, DSS software, and Web-based groupware can be used to build and manipulate financial model. Answers to what-if and goal-seeking questions can be explored as financial analysts and managers evaluate their financing and investment alternatives.

REAL WORLD CASE Cisco Systemsx : Telepresence and the Future of Collaboration
Collaborative Technology Cisco 1.0 People could be connected by truckloads of routers and switches. Cisco 2.0 According to Chambers, the CEO of Cisco, this became centered on business process change. Cisco 3.0 Chamber said that it will fundamentally change the nature of work, enabling productivity growth.

REAL WORLD CASE Cisco Systemsx : Telepresence and the Future of Collaboration
What did they do for revolution? Cisco has deployed telepresence rooms in 160 of its offices worldwide since late 2006 when it began to roll out the conferencing technology. It created an environment of directed participation, in which the tools are adapted, refined, and sharpened to drive innovation and growth. Cisco changed company structure also toward more horizontal: instead of command- and control structure, to collaboration.

Cisco says that telepresence itself will be offered as an on-demand managed service at off-site locations for companies that cant or dont want to invest in their own systems.

REAL WORLD CASE Cisco Systems : Telepresence and the Future of Collaboration
Keen Competition Polycom

Offers high-end telepresence system with merged, seamless displays


Uses standards-based system that will interoperate with any standards based video codex on the market. HP introduced its Halo telepresence system before the Cisco product launched. Cisco

Cisco 3.0 having three screen, high-definition, surround-sound theater.


Though it doesnt use standards-based system, it expect its method will be de facto standard due to its installed base, brand power and marketing muscle.

REAL WORLD CASE HRs Turn


Introduction In recent years, HR departments have focused their technology efforts on driving down cost by automation or outsourcing. HR is being urged not only to reduce the cost of hiring, retaining, and compensating employees but also to optimize the corporate talent pool. Most corporate executives like having a tool that helps them evaluate and promote people on purely objective criteria.

REAL WORLD CASE HRs Turn


Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) Uses Oracle Corp.s iRecruitment software Routes requisition forms to the appropriate managers and posts the job opening on the Web site. It is filling job opening two weeks faster than before and saving $1,500 per job. OHSU recently added Oracles Manager Self-Service module for logging changes to employees status such as promotions or use of family leave. Uses Oracle Employee Self-Service application for benefits management.

REAL WORLD CASE HRs Turn


Sony Computer Entertainment America Inc. Uses recruitment software from WorkforceLogic to automate its process for hiring contract workers. Particularly useful for ensuring that hiring managers understand and comply with the legal distinctions between contract and salaried employees. By answering a series of questions through the WorkforceLogic interface, the application renders a recommendation on whether the position is best filled by a contractor or by someone on the payroll

Tyco International Ltd. Employee performance management, career development, and succession planning are the functions that can be automated with human capital management (HCM) applications. Tyco uses Kenexas CareerTracker to track employee performance and promotion. Provides objective criteria.

Customer Relationship Management


Jeanie de la Rama

1 2
3

What is CRM? The three phases of CRM Benefits and challenges of CRM Trends in CRM

Introduction
Customer-focused business is one of the top business strategies that can be supported by information technology. Many companies are implementing customer relationship management (CRM) business initiatives and information systems as part of a customer-focused or customer centric strategy to improve their chances for success in todays competitive business environment.

What is CRM?
CRM is described as a cross-functional e-business application that integrates and automates many customer-serving processes in sales, direct marketing, accounting and order management, and customer service and support. CRM systems create an IT framework that integrates all the functional processes with the rest of a companys business operations. CRM systems consist of a family of software modules that perform the business activities involved in such front office processes. CRM software provides the tools that enable a business and its employees to provide fast, convenient, dependable, and consistent service to its customers.

What is CRM?
Contract and Account Management CRM software helps sales, marketing, and service professionals capture and track relevant data about every past and planned contact with prospects and customers, as well as other business and life cycle events of customers. Sales CRM software tracks customer contacts and other business and life cycle events of customers for crossselling and up-selling.

What is CRM?
Marketing and Fulfilment CRM software can automate tasks such as qualifying leads, managing responses, scheduling sales contacts, and providing information to prospects and customers. Customer Service and Support CRM helps customer service managers quickly create, assign, and manage service requests. Help desk software assists customer service reps in helping customers whom are having problems with a product or service, by providing relevant service data and suggestions for resolving problems.

What is CRM?
Retention and Loyalty Programs
It costs six times more to sell to a new customer than to sell to an existing one.

A typical dissatisfied customer will tell eight to ten people about his or her experience.

What is CRM?
Retention and Loyalty Programs A company can boost its profits 85% by increasing its annual customer retention by only 5%. The odds of selling a product to a new customer are 15%, whereas the odds of selling a product to an existing customer are 50%. 70%of complaining customers will do business with the company again if it quickly takes care of a service snafu. More than 90% of existing companies dont have the necessary sales and service integration to support e-commerce.

Examples of benefits of CRM


CRM allows a business to identify and target their best customers; those who are the most profitable to the business, so they can be retained as lifelong customers for greater and more profitable services.

CRM enables real-time customization and personalization of products and services based on customer wants, needs, buying habits, and life cycles.
CRM can keep track of when a customer contacts the company, regardless of the contact point. CRM enables a company to provide a consistent customer experience and superior service and support across all the contact points a customer chooses.

Acquire

Enhance

Retain

The three phases of CRM


CRM can be viewed as an integrated system of Webenabled software tools and databases accomplishing a variety of customer-focused business processes that support the three phases of the relationship between a business and its customers.

The three phases of CRM


Acquire a business relies on CRM software tools and databases to help it acquire new customers by doing a superior job of contract management, sales prospecting, selling, direct marketing, and fulfilment.
The goal of these CRM functions is to help customers perceive the value of a superior product offered by an outstanding company.

The three phases of CRM


Enhance Web-enabled CRM account management and customer service and support tools help keep customers happy by supporting superior service from a responsive networked team of sales and service specialists and business partners. CRM sales force automation and direct marketing and fulfilment tools help companys cross-sell and up-sell to their customers, thus increasing their profitability to the business.
The value perceived by customers is the convenience of one-stop shopping at attractive prices.

The three phases of CRM


Retain CRM analytical software and databases help a company proactively identify and reward its most loyal and profitable customers to retain and expend their business via targeted marketing and relationship marketing programs.
The value perceived by customers is of a rewarding personalized business relationship with their company.

Benefits and challenges of CRM


CRM allows a business to identify and target their best customers; those who are the most profitable to the business, so they can be retained as lifelong customers for greater and more profitable services. CRM enables real-time customization and personalization of products and services based on customer wants, needs, buying habits, and life cycles. CRM can keep track of when a customer contacts the company, regardless of the contact point. CRM enables a company to provide a consistent customer experience and superior service and support across all the contact points a customer chooses.

CRM Failures: Major reason for the failure of CRM systems is the lack of understanding and preparation.

4 key ingredients of successful customer management strategies

Trends in CRM

Operational CRM

One
Analytical CRM

Two
Collaborative CRM

Three
Portal-based CRM

Four

Trends in CRM
Operational CRM most businesses start out with operational CRM systems such as sales force automation and customer service centers.

Analytical CRM analytical CRM applications are implemented using several analytical marketing tools, such as data mining, to extract vital data about customers and prospects for targeted marketing campaigns.

Trends in CRM
Collaborative CRM CRM systems to involve business partners as well as customers in collaborative customer service. Portal-based CRM Internet, intranet, and extranet Web-based CRM portals as a common gateway for various levels of access to all customer information, as well as operational, analytical, and collaborative CRM tools for customers, employees, and business partners.

Trends in CRM
Increasingly, businesses are moving to collaborative CRM systems, to involve business partners as well as customers in collaborative customer services. This includes systems for customer self-service and feedback, as well as partner relationship management (PRM) systems.

Trends in CRM

Source: http://soshable.com/

ENTERPRISE RESOURSE PLANNING


The Business Backbone

Sheilla G. Capuchino

INTRODUCTION
Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems serve as a cross-functional enterprise backbone. It integrates and automates many internal business processes and information systems within the manufacturing, logistics, distribution, accounting, finance, and human resource functions of a company.

APPLICATION COMPONENTS

ERP SOFTWARE
ERP software is a family of software modules that supports the business activities involved in vital back-office processes.
ERP gives a company an integrated real-time view of its core business processes. ERP systems track business resources, and the status of commitments made by the business no matter what department has entered the data into the system.

BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES


Quality and Efficiency

ERP creates a framework for integrating and improving a companys internal business processes that results in significant improvements in the quality and efficiency of customer service, production, and distribution.

BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES


Decreased Costs

Many companies report significant reductions in transaction processing costs and hardware, software, and IT support staff compared to the non-integrated legacy systems that were replaced by their new ERP systems.

BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES


Decision Support

ERP provides vital cross-functional information on business performance quickly to managers to significantly improve their ability to make better decisions in a timely manner across the entire business enterprise.

BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES


Enterprise Agility

ERP can be used in breaking down many former departmental and functional walls, which results in more flexible organizational structures, managerial responsibility, and work roles.

THE COST OF ERP


Costs and risks considerable. involved in implementing ERP are

Hardware and software costs are a small part of the total costs. The costs of developing new business processes (reengineering) and preparing employees for the new system (training and change management) make up the bulk of implementing a new ERP system.

Converting data from previous legacy systems to the new cross-functional ERP system is another major category of ERP implementation costs.

THE COST OF ERP


12% 15% 43% Reengineering Data Conversions Training and Change Management 15%

15%

Software
Hardware

CAUSES OF ERP FAILURES


Business managers and IT professionals underestimate the complexity of the planning, development, and training that are needed to prepare for a new ERP system that would radically change their business processes and information systems.

CAUSES OF ERP FAILURES


Failure to involve affected employees in the planning and development phases and change management programs
Trying to do too much too fast in the conversion process.

Insufficient training in the work tasks required by the ERP system.

CAUSES OF ERP FAILURES


Failure to do enough data conversion and testing.

Overreliance by company or IT management on claims of ERP software vendors or the assistance of prestigious consulting firms hired to lead the implementation

FOUR TRENDS IN ERP


ERP software packages are gradually being modified into more flexible products. In relation to the growth of the Internet and corporate intranets and extranets prompted software companies to use Internet technologies to build Web interfaces and network capabilities into ERP systems.

Development of interenterprise ERP systems that provide Web-enabled links between key business systems of a company and its customers, suppliers, distributors, and others.

FOUR TRENDS IN ERP


ERP software companies have developed modular, Web-enabled software suites that integrate ERO, customer relationship management, supply chain management, procurement, decision support, enterprise portals, and other business applications and functions.

REAL WORLD CASE: BUSINESS VALUE OF ERP


Auto systems produce headlamps for major automobile manufacturers Until a few years ago, the manufacturing process was managed with paper documents.

An ERP system was installed, but did not extend to the shop floor.
Significant research was done before deciding to add the shop floor reporting module.

REAL WORLD CASE: BUSINESS VALUE OF ERP


Installing PCs and ERP software on the shop floor allows Auto Systems to Enter timely, and accurate information. Plan more efficiently. Make production changes in order to avoid labor or scrap problems. Discuss these issues with employees while they are still current and meaningful.

KNOWLEDGE CHECK
Please cite at least two causes of Enterprise Resource Planning failure.

Benefits and challenges of ERP Trends in ERP


Klems Antonio

Learning Objectives
Identify and give examples to illustrate the following aspects of customer relationship management, enterprise resource manage-ment, and supply chain management systems: Business processes supported Customer and business value provided Potential challenges and trends Understand the importance of managing at the enterprise level to achieve maximum efficiencies and benefits.

Customer Relationship Management (CRM)


Customer focused Customer relationships most valued asset Find and retain most profitable customers possible Company has Single, complete view of every customer Customers have Single, complete view of the company Integrates and automates customer-serving processes

Contact and Account Management


Track relevant data about
Every past and planned contact with prospects and customers Other business and life cycle events

Data captured from touchpoints


Telephone, fax, e-mail
Websites, retail stores, kiosks Personal contact

Marketing and Fulfillment


Automate direct marketing campaigns
Qualifying leads for targeted marketing
Scheduling and tracking mailings Capturing and managing responses

Analyzing the business value of the campaign


Fulfilling responses and requests

Customer Service and Support


Shared database
Requests for service are created, assigned, and managed
Call center software routes calls to agents

Help desk software provides service data and suggestions for solving problems

Personalized support information

Retention and Loyalty Programs


Primary objective - enhancing and optimizing customer retention and loyalty
Identify, reward, and market to the most loyal and profitable customers
Evaluate targeted marketing and relationship programs

Benefits of CRM
Identify and target the best customers Real-time customization and personalization of products and services Track when and how a customer contacts the company Provide a consistent customer experience Provide superior service and support

CRM Failures
Reasons for Failure
Lack of senior management sponsorship Improper change management Elongated projects that take on too much, too fast Lack of or poor integration between CRM and core business systems Lack of end-user incentives leading to poor user adoption rates Lack of understanding and preparation -- # 1 Not solving business process problems first No participation on part of business stakeholders involved

What is ERP?
Cross-functional enterprise system
Integrated suite of software modules Supports basic internal business processes
Manufacturing Logistics Distribution Accounting Finance Human resources

Facilitates information flows


Business Supplier Customer

Causes of ERP Failures


Most common causes of ERP failure
Under-estimating complexity
Planning, development, training

Failure to involve affected employees Too much too fast Insufficient training
Insufficient data conversion and testing

Over-reliance on ERP vendor or consultants

Supply Chain Management (SCM)


Helps a company
Get the right products To the right place At the right time In the proper quantity At an acceptable cost Forecast demand Control inventory Enhance relationships Receive feedback

Goal of SCM is to efficiently

Benefits of SCM

Key Benefits
Faster, more accurate order processing Reductions in inventory levels Quicker times to market

Lower transaction and materials costs


Strategic relationships with supplier

Challenges of SCM

Key Challenges
Lack of knowledge, tools, and guidelines Inaccurate data Lack of collaboration SCM tools are immature, incomplete, and hard to implement

Trends in SCM

CVS, McKesson
CVS leading drug retail chain

McKesson largest pharmaceutical distributor


Point-of-sale data Agreed on service levels

Reduced replenishment time

Modern Plastics, SupplySolution, Inc.


Upgraded reactive system to proactive system

CRM in Action: NetSuite, Berlin Packaging and Churchill Downs

The CRM implementations in this case highlight the critical importance of information about customers, their preferences and activities, and how to use it to understand and develop better marketing solutions. The benefits are well-understood but the risks and concerns for customers are not well addressed especially with regards to customer privacy.

NetSuite: The Secret to CRM is in the Data

NetSuite Inc. is a leading provider of on-demand enterprise applications, including CRM. Other important players in this market include Salesforce.com and Siebel On Demand.

Churchill Downs: The Secret to CRM is in the Data

Churchill Downs Incorporated is the parent company of Churchill Downs. The company owns several other thoroughbred and standard bred racetracks. Churchill Downs Incorporated is listed on the NASDAQ as CHDN. The company is the most profitable track owner in the horse racing industry.

Churchill Downs: The Secret to CRM is in the Data

Before installing CRM, it was previously thought that there were 4 customer types but after using CRM it was discovered that there were 9 customer types indicating that previous marketing efforts were not targeted or useful as should have been.

Berlin Packaging: The Secret to Berlin CRM is in the Data Packaging is a major North
American supplier of packaging, closures and related services to manufacturers in a wide array of industries, including beverage, food, personal care, pharmaceutical, household care, and industrial and coatings sectors. of more than $600 million. At the end of 2011, the firm had 32 U.S. sales offices in 21 U.S. states and Puerto Rico as well as over 50 dedicated or third-party warehouse locations across the United States.

Berlin Packaging: The Secret to CRM is in the Data


The company realized that it had many data silos due to disparate systems (Supply Chain, ERP, Sales database, etc.). Customer data was balkanized. So Berlin opted to use the PeopleTools programming code in the ERP system to build bolt-on applications that convert financial and supply chain management functions into CRM processes. Benefit: The knowledge that there are no other collec- tions of customer data elsewhere in the company provides significant peace of mind.

Easterns business slogan is Connecting you Faster, Better and with Sales Cloud from Salesforce.com we are living up to our promise.
Why did Eastern need CRM? Easterns customer relationship management platform and other systems were expensive to maintain and develop; difficult to customise; and hard to get to talk to one-another Eastern needed a pre-sales order system that could work with a new business support system and sales tool was needed to allow the organisation to monitor and track all opportunities being worked on by the sales team

With a history of over 100 years, Eastern Communications has evolved into a full service provider of world-class telecommunication services of Internet, Data, fullservice Telephony and businessenabling solutions.

BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES OF SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT (SCM)


Karen B. Reyes

Creating a real-time SCM infrastructure is a daunting and ongoing issue and often a point of failure for several reasons

The chief reason is: planning, selection, and implementation of SCM solutions are becoming more complex as the pace of technological change accelerates and the number of companys partners increases

Benefits of SCM systems


Faster, more accurate order processing

Reductions in inventory levels


Quicker times to market Lower transaction and material costs Strategic relationships with their suppliers

Aim: increase agility and responsiveness in meeting the demands of its customers and the needs of its business partners

Objectives of SCM:
BUSINESS VALUE GOALS Rapid demand fulfillment Collaborative supply Chain planning and execution

CUSTOMER VALUE GOALS Give customers what they want, when and how they want it, at the lower cost

Inter-enterprise Coordination of Manufacturing and Business Process

Effective Distribution and Channel Partnerships

Responsiveness and Accountability to Customers

Emerson Transaction Hub: A Bright Idea thats Paying off


St. Louis manufacturer that ships supplies to Asia and North America and Europe Emerson executives:
Why pay to send inventory from one supplier on one ship and goods from a second supplier on another ship, when both deliveries are coming from the same place and could be loaded into a single container?

Emerson Transaction Hub


2005 pilot program: Logistics provider (specializes in transporation management for freight carriers) worked with two divisions to consolidate multiple orders into the same shipping container The pilot saved money Global supply chains tightened by better tracking shipments and mapping inventory

Emerson Transaction Hub


Wanted to expand the program Emerson has 70 business units that purchase goods from 35,000 suppliers Each unit communicates with its own suppliers via combination of e-mail, spreadsheets, faxes, and phone calls

Emerson Transaction Hub


Vision: SINGLE HUB that everyone would link to using communications mechanisms and data formats
To serve as a unified gateway that Emersons business, logistics providers, and suppliers could use to exchange information For a single communications hub to work, everyone has to speak the same language

Emerson Transaction Hub


Decided to conduct transactions via two data formats: EDI (using the ANSSI ASC X12 formats) and OAGIS XML
The order is sent to the transaction hub which translates the message into OAGIS XML Providers communicate shipment status to the Emerson division through the hub

A business unit initiates transaction, such as purchase order, through its ERP system

Providers and suppliers then coordinate shippings

Putting 10 suppliers in the same shipping container cuts cost by 35%

Emerson Transaction Hub


With information such as purchase orders and shipping notices in a common format, Emerson has more visibility into its supply chain, increasing inventory control efficiency by ensuring that materials arent over- or under-stocked

Challenges of SCM systems


Lack of proper demand planning knowledge, tools, and guidelines Inaccurate or overoptimistic demand forecasts will cause major production, inventory, and other business problems, no matter how efficient the rest of the SCM process is constructed In accurate production inventory, and other business data provided by a companys other information systems

Challenges of SCM
Lack of adequate collaboration
among marketing, production, and inventory management departments within a company, and with suppliers, distributors, and others

Companies consider even the SCM software tools themselves to be immature, incomplete, and hard to implement

Nike Inc.
In the athletic footwear business, Nike has
32% worldwide market share (almost double Adidas, its nearest rival) Market cap thats more than the rest of the manufacturers and retailers in the industry combined

Nike Inc.
2000, installed i2 Tech. SCM software Upset Nike's inventory
Inventory shortages reduced Nike's fiscal thirdquarter sales by as much as $100 million Ultimately forced the footwear maker to slash earnings estimates.
Roland Wolfram Nike vice-president of global operations and technology i2problem glitch is a speed bump

i2 supply-and-demand-planning application didn't perform as expected, resulting in shortages of some footwear models and excess stock of others
Nike chose to customize the software and did not use the implemented methodology

Nike Inc.
i2 software glitch that cost Nike:
>$100million in lost sales Depressed its stock price by 20% triggered a flurry of class-action law suits

Phil Knight, its chairman president, and CEO,

famously lamented This is what you get for $400 million, huh?

Nike Inc.
Nikes demand-planning strategy was and continues to be a mixture of art and technology Nike sells too many products (120,000) in too many cycles (four per year) to do things by intuition alone. Six years later, better collaboration with Far East factories has reduced the amount of prebuilding of shoes from 30% to 3%

Ford plant closure highlights gaps in PH auto industry


Importance of increasing domestic demand and encouraging investment in more suppliers for the auto industry, a Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) official said. "The suppliers base, the quality is there, the workers are there. We have the basic ingredients to be competitive but we have to grow this base of suppliers... What we have to do is map out clearly in next 5-10 years the gaps in our supply chain, technological needs if we are to become an important player in the region," Cristobal told ANC's Business Nightly.

http://www.philippines.scmtimes.com/p/2064463971/f ord-plant-closure-highlights-gaps-in-ph-autoindustry?tag=Supply+Chain

Trends in SCM
The supplier-facing applications arena:
Continued growth of public as well as private networks that transform linear and inflexible supply chains into nonlinear and dynamic fulfillment networks From automation and integration of supply chains to collaborative sourcing, planning, and design across their supplier networks

Stages in SCM
Information Sharing Product/Sales Data Sourcing Help Logistics Order Fulfillment Order Management Inventory Management Resource Allocation Systems Use and Integration Collaborative Marketing Sales and Service SCM Optimization Collaborative Design and Delivery

SCM Stage 1 Current supply chain improvement Supply chain, ecommerce loosely coupled

SCM Stage 2 Intranet/extranet links to trading partners Supplier network expansion

SCM Stage 3 Collaborative planning and fulfillment Extranet and exchangebased collaboration

Stages in SCM: Stage 1


Information Sharing Product/Sales Data Sourcing Help Logistics Order Fulfillment

A company concentrates on making improvements:


To its internal supply chain processes External processes Relationships with suppliers and customers

SCM Stage 1 Current supply chain improvement Supply chain, ecommerce loosely coupled

Its e-commerce Web site and those of some its trading partners provide access to online catalogs and useful supply chain information as they support limited online transactions.

Stages in SCM: Stage 2


Order Management Inventory Management Resource Allocation Systems Use and Integration

A company accomplishes:
Internally: substantial supply chain management applications by using selected SCM software programs internally, Externally: via intranet and extranet links among suppliers, distributors, customers, and other trading partners.

SCM Stage 2 Intranet/extranet links to trading partners Supplier network expansion

Expanding the business network of Web-enabled SCMcapable trading partners in their supply chain
To increase its operational efficiency and effectiveness in meeting their strategic objectives

Stages in SCM: Stage 3


Begins to develop and implement cuttingedge collaborative supply chain management applications Using advanced SCM software, fullservice extranet links, and private and public e-commerce exchanges. Ex: collaborative supply chain planning and fulfillment application like collaborative product design and delivery, and collaborative planning, forecasting, and replenishment (CPFR)
Collaborative Marketing Sales and Service SCM Optimization Colaborative Design and Delivery

SCM Stage 3 Collaborative planning and fulfillment Extranet and exchangebased collaboration

Stages in SCM: Stage 3


Collaborative marketing sales and service applications with trading partners
Including customer and partner relationship management systems Management of their supply chains
in order to meet their strategic customer value and business value goals. Collaborative Marketing Sales and Service SCM Optimization Colaborative Design and Delivery

SCM Stage 3 Collaborative planning and fulfillment Extranet and exchangebased collaboration

Stages in SCM
Information Sharing Product/Sales Data Sourcing Help Logistics Order Fulfillment Order Management Inventory Management Resource Allocation Systems Use and Integration Collaborative Marketing Sales and Service SCM Optimization Colaborative Design and Delivery

SCM Stage 1 Current supply chain improvement Supply chain, ecommerce loosely coupled

SCM Stage 2 Intranet/extranet links to trading partners Supplier network expansion

SCM Stage 3 Collaborative planning and fulfillment Extranet and exchangebased collaboration

CVS, Mc Kesson, and MPT: Webbased SCM Integration


CVS is a leading drug retail chain McKesson is the largest distributor of pharmaceuticals, health care products, and medical/surgical supplies with annual sales in excess of $ 20 billion

Better Integration with McKesson is a key strategic move for CVS


significant potential for improving sales and margins through its enhanced pricing and promotional forecasting systems

Supply chain integration allows marketing managers to plan promotions more effectively, using historical point-of-sale data on a store-by-store basis Substantially reduces the amount of time needed to plan to stock inventory for individual promotions

Jollibee bags Asia-Pacific supply chain management-logistics award


Due to a three-year transformation strategy:
Homegrown food giant Jollibee Foods Corp. (JFC) Vice president for Corporate Supply Chain William Lorenzana Jr. said. JFC was recognized for its leading strategies in reducing cost, optimizing lead times, collaborating with suppliers and partners, and increasing customer satisfaction and market share Working very closely with JFCs Store Operations, Information Technology (IT) and purchasing groups.

Jollibee bags Asia-Pacific supply chain management-logistics award


JFC was able to increase the efficiency levels in its commissaries, satellite commissaries and distribution centers, helping them better serve the corporations 1,500 stores.
By automating processes, streamlining tasks and the logistics network, forging partnerships with third party logistics providers, and unifying forecast figures, With the help of such efforts and innovations,

Homegrown food giant Jollibee Foods Corp. (JFC)


http://www.philstar.com/business-usual/434345/jollibee-bags-asiapacific-supply-chain-management-logistics-award

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