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AFIRMATIVA I was (Eu era, estava, fui, estive) You were (Voc era, estava...) He was (Ele era, estava...) She was (Ela era, estava...) It was (Ele\Ela era, estava) neutro para animais e coisas We were (Ns ramos, estvamos...) You were (Vocs eram, estavam...) They were (Eles eram, estavam...) pessoas, animais e coisas

I was not = I wasnt You were not = You werent He/she/it was not = He/she/it wasnt We were not = We werent You were not = You werent They were not = They werent

Was I? Were you? Was he/she/it? Were we? Were you? Were they?

I was a good student. I was not late for class. I wasnt happy. Was I late? You were a teacher. You werent a singer. Were you a singer?

He \ She \ It was in Curitiba. He was not in Bahia. He wasnt at home. Was he at work? You werent my students. Were you my students? They were early. They werent early. Were they early?

As sentenas tm um sujeito e um verbo. O sujeito um substantivo ou um pronome:

Ana was my collegue. She was my cousin. The students were here. They were here. Bill and Peter were late. They were late.


WHAT? (o qu, qual) What was the prize? It was a computer. WHERE? (onde) Where were they? They were in New York. WHO? (quem) Who was your first teacher? My first teacher was Ms. Wales. WHEN? (quando) When was the show? It was last week. HOW? (como) How was the show? It was very good.


SIMPLE PAST (Outros verbos)

Usamos o Passado Simples para falar sobre fatos ou sobre coisas que ocorreram em um tempo especificado no passado. Now
Past ............x...........|........................... Future

I missed the party.


Yesterday Yesterday morning Yesterday evening Two days ago A month ago Last night Last week Last year

Para formar o passado dos verbos regulares, adicione ed forma base do verbo para todas as pessoas. Mary watched a film last week. He stayed at a hotel yesterday. -d para verbos terminados em e : I arrived two days ago.

Para verbos terminados em y, precedidos de consoante, mude o y para i e adicione ed.

Verbo study: She studied yesterday. Verbo carry: Marry carried new books last night.

Os verbos irregulares tm formas diferentes no passado. Aqui est uma lista de alguns verbos irregulares comuns e suas formas no passado: Buy (comprar) bought Come (vir) came Drink (beber) drank Eat (comer) ate Get (conseguir, obter) got Go (ir) went Have (ter) had

Leave (deixar, partir) left Put (colocar) put See (ver) saw Sleep (dormir) slept Take (pegar, levar) took
*Lista de verbos irregulares no Appendix I.

I went to school yesterday evening. She slept early last night. John ate bread for breakfast. The girls bought new shoes for the party.

Use did not ou didnt (na fala e escrita informal) + a forma base do verbo para fazer uma sentena negativa, com todas as pessoas.

They did not live in Curitiba last year. I didnt go to school yesterday. My children didnt arrive home on time.

Use Did + sujeito + a forma base do verbo para fazer perguntas.

Did they live in the city? Did you go to school yesterday? Did your children arrive on time last night?

Did you live in Brazil last month? Yes, I did. \ No, I didnt. Did your brother take the kids last week? Yes, he did. \ No, he didnt. Did they arrive late yesterday morning? Yes, they did. \ No, they didnt. Did Ana go to school by car? Yes, she did. \ No, she didnt.


WHAT? (o qu, qual) What did you do yesterday? I stayed home. WHERE? (onde) Where did they go? They went to New York. WHO? (quem) Who did you meet at the movies? I met Suzy WHEN? (quando) When did you come back? I came back yesterday. HOW? (como) How did you travel? It traveled by bus.


When will the sixties end? It's almost forty years now since the days of flowers and freelove, Beach Boys and the Beatles, but they still continue to obsess every one of us. Today that obsession is greater than ever. We are living in the midst of a huge sixties revival and everywhere you turn you'll find some echo of those dim, distant days. It's in the music, the fashion, the haircuts, the designs, the drugs and the politics.

The Beatles: A British popular music group who made their first record in 1962 and became probably the most famous and successful group ever. The members of the Beatles were: John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr and George Harrison. Their songs were translated to many languages and they were famous for their style of singing.

They were enormously popular and had a huge following of young people anxious to change an outdated society. Young people idolized them so much that they imitated their walk, their way of dressing and their actions. When they separated in 1970, each member of the group continued to work in popular music.

Mary Quant: She was an English fashion designer, very popular in the 1960's. She achieved a revolution in women's clothing and make-up. Her Chelsea boutique, Bazaar, opened in 1957, but it was in the 60's with the launch of the mini-skirt that her career really took off.


He was the 35th president of the United States (1961-1963), a Democrat and the first Roman Catholic to be elected. He represented hopes for peace and better understanding among all countries. He spent much of his time travelling to see and feel the problems of every country. He was shot and killed in Dallas, Texas. His death saddened the whole world.
(Adapted from Speak up n 121, ano 10, Ed. Globo, p.16-18)


On August 15, 1969, while the Vietnam war was raging, the largest gathering for peace that the world had ever seen began. Nearly half a million people converged upon upstate New York to listen to rock music and to see such idols as Jimmy Hendrix and Janis Joplin. Even though Woodstock lasted only 3 days it was enough to trigger the biggest upheaval of social values in history.

Young people's attitudes changed and free love and psychedelics, hyped by exHarvard Professor Timothy Leary, became a part of our history. Although the festival lasted only 3 days, the dream lives on.

From: REVISTA VEJA, 21/02/90 ED. ABRIL, P. 98 (Adapted)


Modern popular music was a result of a transformation which occurred in 1965. In 1940, popular music was divided in Blues and Folk music. Blues was preferred principally by the American black people, and concentrated on melancholic themes: solitude, suffering, frustration and religion. Famous blues musicians were Louis Armstrong and Nat King Cole.

Rock 'n Roll derived from Blues, and was rhythmic and extremely sentimental. Rock 'n Roll also proved to be excellent dance music. Elvis Presley was responsible for the popularity of Rock.

ln 1965, a spontaneous transformation occurred in popular music. ln the USA, the transformation originated in San Francisco. ln England, the transformation was stimulated by The Beatles. The result of all these three movements is Modern Popular Music.


Yesterday All my troubles seemed so far away Now it looks as though they're here to stay Oh, I believe In yesterday

Suddenly I'm not half the man I used to be There's a shadow hanging over me Oh, yesterday Came suddenly Why she Had to go I don't know She wouldn't say I said Something wrong now I long For yesterday

Yesterday Love was such an easy game to play Now I need a place to hide away Oh, I believe In yesterday Why she Had to go I don't know She wouldn't say I said Something wrong now I long For yesterday

Yesterday Love was such an easy game to play Now I need a place to hide away Oh, I believe In yesterday

(hum to "I believe in yesterday")