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Legal Safety Requirements
Two main documents exist under U.K. law and are therefore applicable to all seafarers sailing on British flag vessels: The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 The Merchant Shipping and Fishing Vessels (Health and Safety at Work) Regulations 1997
Health & Safety at Work
The Health and Safety at Work legislation covers all employees including seafarers. The main points are that the employer:
must provide a written safety policy; must create a safety management organisation (safety officer, committee etc); must as far as practicable ensure the health, safety and welfare of all employees and provide safe systems of work; must as far as practical ensure that persons not in his employment are not exposed to risk.
Health & Safety at Work
It shall also be the duty of every employee aboard ship to: take reasonable care for the health and safety of himself and of others who may be affected by his acts or omissions; co-operate with his employer and other persons, so far as is necessary, to enable the employer and others to comply with their statutory duties;
. inform management (master.Health & Safety at Work not use any machinery etc other than in accordance with relevant training or instructions and should not interfere with any safety equipment. safety officer or other competent person) of any situation or matter which concerns safety.
duties of the company and master. .Health & Safety at Work The company must adopt special responsibilities for health and safety in consultation with workers including: protective and prevention services. appointment and duties of safety officers. election and powers of safety representatives.
O. it: is aimed at merchant seamen and more specifically those employed on United Kingdom registered ships.S.P. reflects the requirements of health & safety legislation. covers all aspects of ship operation and the various dangers posed to ship’s personnel. The Code of Safe Working Practices for Merchant Seamen is a document issued by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency.C.W. .
O. chief officer.S.P. chief engineer. safety officer and any safety representatives must have a personal copy. leaving at least one other copy for access by the crew.W.C. Copies must be carried on all UK registered ships other then fishing and leisure vessels so that generally the master. .
There are also two annexes.W.P. .S. The Code is arranged in sections: Introduction – gives the regulations framework for health and safety on board ship. Section 1 – Safety responsibilities and ship board management. Section 2 – Personal health and safety.O. Section 3 – Work activities.C. Section 4 – Specialist ship operation.
Chapters 1 . .S.W.Section 1 Safety Responsibilities and Shipboard Management.P.O.C.6 .
what should be assessed. when to assess.Chapter 1 Outlines the principles of risk assessment under the following headings: principles of risk assessment. how thorough should the assessment be. recording risk assessment. risk assessment in practice. elements of risk assessment.Section 1 . who has to carry out the assessment. .
how to carry out health surveillance. application.Section 1 .Chapter 2 Monitoring of employees for health problems caused by occupational hazards under the following headings: purpose of health surveillance. .
Chapter 3 Defines a company’s corporate and employees individual responsibility for safety. The chapter also outlines the requirements for accident investigation. It defines the role and duties of: the safety officer.Section 1 . safety representatives. the safety committee. .
e. Outlines individual’s responsibilities in the use of p.p.Section 1 . .Chapter 4 Outlines corporate responsibility in supplying and maintaining personal protective equipment.
respirators. hair nets. gloves. buoyancy aids.Chapter 4 Categories of p. immersion suits.Section 1 . belts. safety shoes. ear muffs and plugs. bump caps.e.p. face masks. head hearing face & eyes breathing hands and feet body drowning hypothermia helmets. clothing. harnesses. goggles. dust masks. .
.Chapter 5 Concerns signs permanently erected for the purpose of giving health & safety information and instruction:It defines the colour and symbol standards and the corporate and individual’s role with respect to signs.Section 1 .
Chapter 5 Prohibition Hazard Assistance Instruction Stop High voltage First aid Wear ear protection .Section 1 .
including: pilot access.) .17 & 18.Chapter 6 Includes details of means of access to the vessel. safe movement about the vessel. (Links to Section 2 Chapters. entry into dangerous spaces is mentioned.Section 1 .
(Links to Section 3 Chapters. including definitions. lifting equipment.Chapter 7 Refers to requirements for the safe use of equipment including: guarding of machinery. design and certification.21 & 26) . hatch covers. the safety of electrical equipment.Section 1 .
S.P. Chapters 8 . .C.O.W.14 .Section 2 Personal Health and Safety.
environmental responsibilities. accidents and medical emergencies. employer and worker responsibilities. health and hygiene. good housekeeping. occupational health and safety. consultation process. . including instruction in: emergency procedures and fire precautions.Chapter 8 Refers to requirements for the safety induction of new people joining a vessel.Section 2 .
Section 2 . spontaneous combustion. electrical and associated appliances. machinery spaces.Chapter 9 Refers to recommendations on reducing the risk of fire under the following headings: smoking. .
Chapter 10 Recommends actions to be taken to deal with the following emergencies: fire. assisting a casualty. . survival craft drills.Section 2 . including musters and drills. rescue from dangerous spaces. spillage of dangerous goods.
Chapter 11 Recommends actions to be taken to enhance on board security in the event of the following: ship security plans.Section 2 . security levels. terrorism. . piracy. stowaways. drug smuggling. The link with the International Ship and Port Security (ISPS) Code is important.
Section 2 . housekeeping. safety and responsibility: health and hygiene. avoiding and dealing with common personal injuries. . misuse of tools. hot climates. working clothes. manual handling. substances hazardous to health.Chapter 12 Recommendations regarding personal health. medication.
drainage of decks. watertight doors. lighting levels. slipping etc.Section 2 . marking of transit areas on decks. . use of vehicles on board. guarding of temporary openings.Chapter 13 Recommendations regarding safe movement about the vessel: general advice to prevent tripping.
slips and trips in galleys.Section 2 . safe use of LPG. catering equipment .Chapter 14 Dangers associated with food handling including: hygiene.especially sharp instruments. . safe use of cooking appliances. deep fat frying. refrigeration. microwave ovens.
28 .Section 3 Work Activities.W. Chapters 15 .O.C.P.S. .
stages and bosun’s chair. unmanned machinery spaces. boilers. cradles.Chapter 15 Protection of personnel in dangerous work situations: working aloft and overside. .Section 3 . working in machinery spaces. working from punts. refrigeration machinery. use of portable ladders.
The purpose of the permit to work system is to identify and eliminate or control any risks or hazards associated with any particular task.Chapter 16 Suggestions and check lists for issuing permits to work. This is to ensure the safety of the personnel carrying out the task as well as other crew members and shore personnel.Section 3 . .
additional requirements for entering a space with a dangerous atmosphere. identifying hazards. testing the atmosphere.Section 3 . use of breathing apparatus. personal responsibilities. .Chapter 17 Defining an enclosed space and detailing the safety precautions to be undertaken before entering and during work within the space: precautions on entering an enclosed space.
lighting and safe movement around the vessel. special circumstances. including: position of boarding equipment. portable and rope ladders.Section 3 . maintenance. .Chapter 18 General safe access to the vessel. pilot ladders and hoists.
Section 3 . .Chapter 19 Eliminating personal injury caused by the manual handling of heavy weights.
hand tools.Section 3 . portable power operated tools. high pressure hydraulic/pneumatic/and jetting equipment.Chapter 20 Safe use of hand and power tools: general use of tools and equipment. computer vdu’s. ropes. . lifts. laundry equipment. workshop and bench machines (lathes & drilling machines abrasive wheels).
derricks.Section 3 . cranes.Chapter 21 Requirements for the testing and use of lifting plant. shackles and eye bolts. Lifting plant includes all tackles. fork lifts) as well as slings. wires. winches.g. strops. hooks. vehicles (e. . chain blocks.
main engines. hydraulic and pneumatic equipment. boilers. . steering gear. auxiliary machinery. isolation.Chapter 22 Details of safe maintenance procedures: access for maintenance.Section 3 . refrigeration.
Chapter 22 Details of safe maintenance procedures: electrical equipment. switchboards. high voltage systems (> 1 kV) batteries.Section 3 . electronic equipment. .
Section 3 . precautions against fire and explosion. equipment checks.Chapter 23 Precautions to be taken when carrying out welding and flame cutting operations including: personal protective equipment. electric welding equipment. . gas cylinders. gas welding and cutting.
Section 3 . .Chapter 24 General precautions to be taken when painting.
Chapter 25 General precautions for anchoring. mooring and towing operations. .Section 3 .
Chapter 26 This section lays out the responsibilities of the employer and the master to ensure that the construction. operation and maintenance of all hatch coverings is adequate for the intended purpose. .Section 3 .
Section 3 .Chapter 27 Precautions to be taken when handling hazardous substances of which the most important are probably asbestos and oils. .
pipelines and fire extinguishers.Section 3 .Chapter 28 Lists the requirements for marking of electrical wiring. gas cylinders. .
Sea Water Fresh Water Fire Main Steam Heavy Oil Diesel Oil Lub Oil Air Other .Chapter 28 Pipe markings.Section 3 .
Section 3 . Water Foam Dry Powder CO2 Vapourising .Chapter 28 Fire extinguishers.
Section 3 .Chapter 28 Gas bottles Oxygen/ CO2 Air Breathing Air Nitrogen Acetylene Propane Butane .
Section 4 Specialist Ships .P.S. .O.W.C.
O.P. .W.C.Appendix’s 1 &2 These give details of all relevant standards and publications referred to in the Code. .S.