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Clifford Saron, PhD Center for Mind and Brain
Trends in Cognitive Sciences, February 2012, Vol. 16, No. 2
“Cognition materializes in an interpersonal space. The emergence of complex behaviors requires the coordination of actions among individuals according to a shared set of rules. Despite the central role of other individuals in shaping one’s mind, most cognitive studies focus on processes that occur within a single individual. We call for a shift from a single-brain to a multi-brain frame of reference. We argue that in many cases the neural processes in one brain are coupled to the neural processes in another brain via the transmission of a signal through the environment. Brain-to-brain coupling constrains and shapes the actions of each individual in a social network, leading to complex joint behaviors that could not have emerged in isolation.”
Baron-Cohen & Wheelwright 2004 Empathy Quotient
• I can easily tell if someone else wants to enter a conversation. • I find it difficult to explain to others things that I understand easily, when they don't understand it first time. • I really enjoy caring for other people. • I find it hard to know what to do in a social situation. • People often tell me that I went too far in driving my point home in a discussion. • It doesn't bother me too much if I am late meeting a friend. • Friendships and relationships are just too difficult, so I tend not to bother with them. • I often find it difficult to judge if something is rude or polite. • When I was a child, I enjoyed cutting up worms to see what would happen. • I can pick up quickly if someone says one thing but means another. • I find it easy to put myself in somebody else's shoes. • I am good at predicting how someone will feel. • I can't always see why someone should have felt offended by a remark.
Observation of own quartet performance
NeuroImage 60 (2012) 105–116
Brain Research 2012
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• Significant correlations were observed between scores from the perspective taking subscale of the IRI and P50 amplitudes during the pain condition over left centro-parietal (r2=0.50, p=0.026) and parietal (r2=0.60, p=0.005) brain regions. • Similarly, scores from the perspective taking subscale were also correlated with P50 amplitudes during the touch condition over left parietal brain regions (r2=0.47, p=0.039).
Heart Rate Shows Reaction to Slap
Slater et al, 2010 PLOS
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