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Chapter VI

Sets

Created By:

Timotius Ivan. S.

Danny Agus Pramana. W.

Dewa Ngurah Yudi. P.

6.1 Sets and members of a

sets

A Definition

Concept

of Sets Membership a Sets

Cardinal Number

Sets Subset Subset

Set universe

Venn Diagram

Operation of Sets

and

Intersection

Venn Diagram

Operation of Sets

Union

A. The Notion Of A Set

If you look carefully in a football match, what do

you see?

We can see there are different collection, such as:

3. Football players

4. The goal keeper

5. The ball

6. The football referee

7. Audience

8. Backup players.

Its mean the notion of a set is member of one set,

like the footballplayers in a football team.

B. Elements of A Set

Now we will give you a simple question.

Find H if H=(names of days starting with T)

In mathematics, to express an element of

a set, the symbol is Є(member of). And to

express not the element is Є (not a

member of)

So H is:

Sunday Є H

Tuesday Є H

Monday Є H

Wednesday Є H

Thursday Є H

6.2 Expressing Sets

**• Sets is a corps of kinds of objects in
**

one community.

• Expressing sets is the way to write a

sets from numbers to words.

We can say the examples:

1.There are chairs, whiteboard, and

desk is the materials in class whose

make the class community

A. The way of

expressing sets

• P=(2,3,5,7). If we write it, like: P is

a set of prime number less than ten

• Some another examples

3. K=(1,3,5,7,9,11):K is a set of odd

number less than twelve.

4. L=(January, June, July) :L is a set

of name of month starting with J.

5. M=(1,2,3…100):M is a set of natural

numbers from one until one

hundred.

B. Acquiring the sets of

elements

• At primary school, we already

learned several kinds of sets of

numbers, such as:

2. C=set of counting numbers

C=(0,1,2,3,..)

3. Z=set of odd numbers Z=(1,3,5,..)

4. W=set of even

numbers/W=(0,2,4,6,..)

6.3 Set Cardinality

Cardinal Number is a number to expressing

many members of one members, symbolizing

by n, n is the members.

We can say the examples:

There are 23 boy (B) pupil and 20 girl (G) pupil

So, we can write it:

n(B)=23, n(G)=20, n(U)=43

If the question "Is there any pupil which height 3

meters here?” we can answer it with use the

empty sets symbol Ø

What is the mean of universe set?

**Universe set is the widest of the sets in one
**

case

We can say the examples:

1.What is the universe set of B=(2,4,6,8)

The answer: because B is a even number, so

the set universe of B is:

U=(a natural numbers less than ten), so

U=(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9)

Set universe, Relation between two

sets and empty set.

Empty set is a member of

set ,which don’t have any

members and symbolizing

with { } or Ø

The set universe is a set

containing all elements of

the set being talked about.

The universe set can symbol

by U Page one

Set universe, Relation between two

sets and empty set

Relation between two sets suppose:

If A=red , yellow

B=red, blue

C=red, yellow, green

Does set c contain all set a?

Does set c contain all set b?

Because C contains all elements of A,

C can be called as” a relation set” of a

set A

Because there is an element B not

included in C, that is blue, so C is not

“a relation set” of B

6.4 the Venn Diagram

Relation between a sets with its universe

can be modeled with a diagram is called

Venn diagram.

We can say the examples:

B=(2,4,6,8),S=(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9). The Venn

diagram of this question.

B=0 2,4,6,8 S=1,3,5,7,9

1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9

6.5 Intersection

Intersection is sets slice of A and of B is A

sets which its member represent the sets

member A as well as B.

If A=(a,s,d), B=(a,c,d,r)

Or we can write it with intersection symbol

S

B A

c,r a,d s

6.6 The Union of Two Sets

The union of two sets is sets combination

of A and of B, is sets which its member is

the member of A or member or B.

Or we can write it with union symbol (U)

Like A U B

A

B

6.7 Complement and Set

Difference

FROM ALL MENTIONED STATEMENT WE CAN

SAY:

Sets is a corps of kinds of objects in one community

Cardinal Number is a number to expressing many members of one members

symbolizing by n(M), if M is the sets and n is the members.

Sets universe is the widest of the sets in one case

**Relation between a sets with its universe sets can be modeled with
**

a diagram is called Venn diagram.

**The union of two sets is sets combination of A and of B,
**

represent the sets member of A as well as B.

Intersection is sets slice of A and of B is a sets which its member

sets which its member is the member of A or member or B.

Page one

6.7 Complement and

Set Difference

Empty set is a member of set ,which don’t have any

members and notation with { } or Ø

** Slice set, if a and b is two sets where each member set a is a
**

member of set b, so set a is the slice set of set b and

notation with A B

Intersection two sets A and B is a set where its member is

the member of A and member of B

A n B=(x x€A or x€B

The union of two sets A and B is a set where its member is

the member of A and the members of B

A U B=(x x€A or x€B

Page two

The Question and The Answer

1. If we see the basketball player, of

course we imagine their height.

Please write 2 nonempty sets and 2

empty sets! 1.They are 3m

2.They can including the

b. Nonempty set: ball because they are tall

1.They are handsome

**d. Empty set:2.They
**

team.

are a good basketball

The Question and The Answer

2.A car need gasoline 40 liters for

going through the ways 456km. If

there is a gasoline 60 liters, how far

that car can going through the

ways?

It can:456/40 x 60=218x3=654km

The Question and The Answer

**3.Seventy two books have weight
**

9kg. How many that books if

their weight is 6kg?

There are:9/6x72=108 books.

THAT ALL ABOUT SETS,THANK

YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

AND HAVE A NICE DAY!!!!!

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