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# Mathematics Duty

Chapter VI
Sets
Created By:
Timotius Ivan. S.
Danny Agus Pramana. W.
Dewa Ngurah Yudi. P.
6.1 Sets and members of a
sets
A Definition
Concept
of Sets Membership a Sets

Cardinal Number

Sets Subset Subset

Set universe

Venn Diagram
Operation of Sets
and
Intersection
Venn Diagram
Operation of Sets

Union
A. The Notion Of A Set
 If you look carefully in a football match, what do
you see?
We can see there are different collection, such as:
3. Football players
4. The goal keeper
5. The ball
6. The football referee
7. Audience
8. Backup players.
Its mean the notion of a set is member of one set,
like the footballplayers in a football team.
B. Elements of A Set
 Now we will give you a simple question.
Find H if H=(names of days starting with T)
In mathematics, to express an element of
a set, the symbol is Є(member of). And to
express not the element is Є (not a
member of)
 So H is:

 Sunday Є H
Tuesday Є H
 Monday Є H 
Wednesday Є H
 Thursday Є H
6.2 Expressing Sets

• Sets is a corps of kinds of objects in
one community.
• Expressing sets is the way to write a
sets from numbers to words.
We can say the examples:
1.There are chairs, whiteboard, and
desk is the materials in class whose
make the class community
A. The way of
expressing sets
• P=(2,3,5,7). If we write it, like: P is
a set of prime number less than ten
• Some another examples
3. K=(1,3,5,7,9,11):K is a set of odd
number less than twelve.
4. L=(January, June, July) :L is a set
of name of month starting with J.
5. M=(1,2,3…100):M is a set of natural
numbers from one until one
hundred.
B. Acquiring the sets of
elements
• At primary school, we already
learned several kinds of sets of
numbers, such as:
2. C=set of counting numbers
C=(0,1,2,3,..)
3. Z=set of odd numbers Z=(1,3,5,..)
4. W=set of even
numbers/W=(0,2,4,6,..)
6.3 Set Cardinality
 Cardinal Number is a number to expressing
many members of one members, symbolizing
by n, n is the members.
We can say the examples:
 There are 23 boy (B) pupil and 20 girl (G) pupil
So, we can write it:
n(B)=23, n(G)=20, n(U)=43
If the question "Is there any pupil which height 3
meters here?” we can answer it with use the
empty sets symbol Ø
What is the mean of universe set?

Universe set is the widest of the sets in one
case
We can say the examples:
1.What is the universe set of B=(2,4,6,8)
The answer: because B is a even number, so
the set universe of B is:
U=(a natural numbers less than ten), so
U=(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9)
Set universe, Relation between two
sets and empty set.
Empty set is a member of
set ,which don’t have any
members and symbolizing
with { } or Ø
The set universe is a set
containing all elements of
The universe set can symbol
by U Page one
Set universe, Relation between two
sets and empty set
Relation between two sets suppose:
If A=red , yellow
B=red, blue
C=red, yellow, green
Does set c contain all set a?
Does set c contain all set b?
Because C contains all elements of A,
C can be called as” a relation set” of a
set A
Because there is an element B not
included in C, that is blue, so C is not
“a relation set” of B
6.4 the Venn Diagram
Relation between a sets with its universe
can be modeled with a diagram is called
Venn diagram.
We can say the examples:
B=(2,4,6,8),S=(1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9). The Venn
diagram of this question.
B=0 2,4,6,8 S=1,3,5,7,9

1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9
6.5 Intersection
Intersection is sets slice of A and of B is A
sets which its member represent the sets
member A as well as B.
If A=(a,s,d), B=(a,c,d,r)
Or we can write it with intersection symbol
S
B A

c,r a,d s
6.6 The Union of Two Sets
 The union of two sets is sets combination
of A and of B, is sets which its member is
the member of A or member or B.
Or we can write it with union symbol (U)
Like A U B
A
B
6.7 Complement and Set
Difference
FROM ALL MENTIONED STATEMENT WE CAN
SAY:
Sets is a corps of kinds of objects in one community
Cardinal Number is a number to expressing many members of one members
symbolizing by n(M), if M is the sets and n is the members.

Sets universe is the widest of the sets in one case

Relation between a sets with its universe sets can be modeled with
a diagram is called Venn diagram.

The union of two sets is sets combination of A and of B,
represent the sets member of A as well as B.
Intersection is sets slice of A and of B is a sets which its member
sets which its member is the member of A or member or B.
Page one
6.7 Complement and
Set Difference
 Empty set is a member of set ,which don’t have any
members and notation with { } or Ø

 Slice set, if a and b is two sets where each member set a is a
member of set b, so set a is the slice set of set b and
notation with A B
 Intersection two sets A and B is a set where its member is
the member of A and member of B
A n B=(x x€A or x€B
 The union of two sets A and B is a set where its member is
the member of A and the members of B
A U B=(x x€A or x€B

Page two
1. If we see the basketball player, of
course we imagine their height.
Please write 2 nonempty sets and 2
empty sets! 1.They are 3m
2.They can including the
b. Nonempty set: ball because they are tall

1.They are handsome

d. Empty set:2.They
team.
2.A car need gasoline 40 liters for
going through the ways 456km. If
there is a gasoline 60 liters, how far
that car can going through the
ways?
It can:456/40 x 60=218x3=654km