Art and crafts of West Bengal

. in the modern times. Alpana is a ritualistic drawing made on the floor during a festive or religious occasion. These drawings are also used for decorative purpose. This custom is practiced by the women of West Bengal.Alpana Floor Drawings  These drawings are related to ancient magic cults.

Dolls  These are used by children and for decorative purposes and made with small cloth. These dolls are known as RAG DOLLS. Clay Dolls are also made in Bengal. this craft has lately gained immense popularity in Bengal. These dolls are unique in their realism and have the quality in their finish. Root from a Japanese influence. cotton & wool. .

is used for outlining the embroidered portions to create an enhanced effect. A variety of silk.Chikankari Embroidery  In West Bengal. The designs of Chikankari Embroidery are very delicate . fabric. Chikankari is an embroidery work which is practiced. It is done by using white cotton thread on fine white muslin. called moga.

weaving of jute on single looms goes on. decorative hand bags. In ancient times Jute as a fabric was much popular. the process of colouring. often for domestic storage . the ‘golden fibre’ has traditionally been braided by women of Bengal.Jute Products  Bengal is a major producer of jute goods ranging from plush juteblended carpets. In West Dinajpur. to decorative tapestries. garden pot hangings. bedspreads etc.Jute.

Orissa and West Bengal.  . The technique of Dhokra is "Cire Perdue" or lost wax process in which metal. In India. Dhokra Craft is the method of non-ferrous metal casting.Dhokra Craft Dhokra Craft indicates variety of beautifully shaped and decorated brassware products created by the lost wax process. ornaments and kitchenware. The Dhokra craftsmen went from tribe to tribe making their ceremonial and religious figures. Dhokra group of tribal craftsmen give us a timeless heritage of beautifully shaped and ornamented products of cast metals. Dhokras indicate group of nomadic craftsmen who use lost-wax process tocast hollow brass objects and images. Bihar. mainly brass. scrap is used. these craftsmen are clustered in the states of Madhya Pradesh.

. The masks generally made here are of mythological character and the material used is paper mache painted in bright colours. masks actually represent the theatrical tradition are used by the Chhou dancers of Purulia and those who perform the Gambhira dances of Malda. Today Masks are more popular as items of interior decoration.Masks  In Bengal.

around Kalighat Temple in Kolkata on the banks of the Hooghly. . the artists use both religious themes and social themes. snakes and fishes are also found in the paintings. Images of birds. in the beginning and were later replaced by themes showing the British rule in India. animals. Nowadays. Kalighat Paintings is a typical style of watercolor on paper. The paintings shows scenes from Hindu mythologies. This peculiar type of painting is followed by the artists belonging to the Patua community.Kalighat Paintings   The name Kalighat comes from the place where the artists originally set up their practice. which has its roots in cultural upheavals of 19th century colonial Bengal. The painting helps us understand the mode of life at the time of its design and immortalize events which would otherwise be lost to future generations.


black and cream. Handmade pottery mainly consisted of different types of bowls. vessels. orange. etc.Pottery  In various colors such as red. Murshidabad and some other places in Midnapore. Handmodeled Pottery is mainly a woman's art in West Bengal. brown. Handmodeled pottery is made exclusively by women in Bishnupur. jars. Variety of dolls and toys are made by Women of Patua caste. .

Sandal wood is of two types one is srigandha which is close grained and yellowish-brown in colour and used for carving and nagagandha which is darkish-brown in colour and from which oil is extracted. Sandalwood Carving Sandalwood is of graeat religious significance and one of the oldest fragrances known to man.Wood & Sandalwood Carvings   Wood Carvings In West Bengal. deities some of them stylised to a modern look. Wood is widely used for making toys and decorative panels. . Image made in wood relate back to traditional icons.

This saree is woven from silk.’ which refers to the apparent difference in color when seen from different angles or lights.‘Dhoop Chhaon’ literally means ‘double shade.Textiles of West Bengal  Dhoop Chhaon Saree In Bishnupur.The borders of the saree contain patterns of small yellow flowers. .(West Bengal) Dhoop Chhaon Saree is a famous textile product. .


giving the feel of an embroidery work. . Tangail Saree Tangail Saree contains tiny repeating patterns. Borders of this saree are adorned with designs depicting temples and the patterns seen on the ‘rudraksha’.The silk saree features dark shades and is mostly preferred during special occasions.

which is a kind of running stitch. . Tussar Embroidery Sarees The Bengali Tussar Embroidery Sarees are specially handspun to contain a crisp pebbly texture on the surface. The embroidery is done using a particular stitch called the kantha. These sarees are not artificially colored.

. Tussar Brocade Sarees The Tussar brocade sarees feature heavy ornamental designs.The fibers are of fine nature. The ‘pallu‘ (falling edge of the saree) features complex jacquard designs. colored in dyes extracted from natural materials used in this saree . This saree is light and comfortable to wear.

They are ideal as a casual wear. They feature broad silkembroidered borders. . Tant Sarees Tant sarees come in a wide range of styles and colors.Their ‘pallu’ (falling edge of the saree) is embellished with delicate embroidery.

 Nilambari Saree The word ‘nilambari’ literally means blue sky referring to the saree's deep navy-blue color. The ‘pallu’ (the falling edge of the saree) is decorated with stripes of varying thickness .

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