Infection Prevention

in Health Care
Basic Practices
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

1

Teaching and Learning Module ONE
• The Programme Created for Schedule of training module at Travancore Medical College, Kollam Kerala as a part of Infection Control Programme organised by Infection Control Committee
Dr.T.V.Rao MD 2

Nurses Role in Infection Control
Follow correct sanitization, disinfection and sterilization procedures Help patient understand basic disease prevention Administer immunizations and educate patients about immunizations

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

3

Three Levels of Infection Control
 Sanitization – cleaning and scrubbing instruments and equipment to remove contaminated materials and microorganisms  Disinfection – second level used on instruments and equipments that come in contact with intact mucous membrane

Sterilization – complete destruction of all microorganismspathogenic, beneficial, and harmless- surface of instrument and equipment
Dr.T.V.Rao MD
4

Sanitization Methods
Collecting instruments – place in container with water and neutral pH detergent until you can get to them. Use utility gloves always and mask, eye protection and protective clothing if blood, body fluids or tissue are present
Dr.T.V.Rao MD
5

Sanitization Methods (cont.)
 Drain disinfectant or detergent solution  Rinse each piece under hot running water  Scrub each item using hot, soapy water and small plastic brush  Pay careful attention to hinges, ratchets and nooks
Dr.T.V.Rao MD
6

Standard Precautions
• Apply standard precautions to all patients regardless of their diagnosis, and to all contaminated equipments and materials. • Use judgment in determining which protective barriers are necessary.
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

7

Sanitization Methods (cont.)
Rinse instruments individually and place each one on a clean towel. Roll all instruments in the towel to remove moisture Place instruments either in trays or bins for storage or wrap for sterilization
Dr.T.V.Rao MD
8

Disinfection
Wear gloves when handling instruments. Disinfection solution must cover every surface. Used if instrument does not penetrate a patient’s skin or mucous membranes
Enamelware Endotracheal tubes Glassware Laryngoscopes and nasal specula
Dr.T.V.Rao MD
9

Standard Precautions
1. Hands Hygiene 2. Use Personal protective equipment's
• • • • • (PPE) Gloves Gowns Masks Eye protection Face Shields
Dr.T.V.Rao MD 10

Discard needles and other sharps in
.Discard needles and other sharps in the sharp containers which are located as
close as possible to the area of use. Don't

recap needles, If any ,use the Scoop method (one hand method).

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

11

USING “ SCOOP METHOD’’

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

12

Never Recap Needle You are Likely to Injure

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

13

Sharps containers
• • • • • Should be easily accessible At or below the level of the eyes Kept away from the pathways Not to be kept on the grounds. Should Not be overfilled more than 3/4 full. • Never to be shake to get more space
Dr.T.V.Rao MD 14

CLEANING SPILLS (e.g. Blood & body fluids)

• Wear gloves and other PPE • Absorb: Wipe up the spill with an absorbent towel.Clean with detergent. • Apply disinfectant to the contaminated area using sodium hypochlorite( Clorox 1: 10= 1 volume+9 water volumes) contact time 5-10min. • Absorb Clorox and wash with water.
Dr.T.V.Rao MD 15

Hand Hygiene • Alcohol-based Hand Rub • Use of gloves does NOT replace hand washing. • Gloves must be changed inbetween patients.
Dr.T.V.Rao MD 16

HAND WASHING
• When to wash your hands :
• If hands are visibly dirty . • Soiled hands with blood or body fluids. • After contact with: blood ,body fluids, secretions or mucus membranes.
Dr.T.V.Rao MD 17

When to wash your hands?

• After contact with intact or nonintact skin. • After handling items potentially contaminated (equipments) • In-between patients . • After removing gloves. • After using bathroom.
Dr.T.V.Rao MD 18

When to wash hands

• Before direct contact with patient. • Before donning (sterile) gloves. • Before preparing or handling medications. • Before handling clean dressing.
Dr.T.V.Rao MD 19

When to use alcohol-based hand rub

• If hands are NOT visibly soiled alcohol rub could be used instead of hand washing. • If hand are visibly soiled (contaminated) ,they should be washed first.
Dr.T.V.Rao MD 20

PPE: Personal Protective Equipment's:

• Gloves donning & removal • Other PPE donning &removal • Donning & removal of N95 mask
Dr.T.V.Rao MD 21

Transmission-Based Precautions
• Used in addition to Standard

Precautions for Specified Patients
• Designed for the Care of Patients known

or suspected to be infected by
epidemiologically important pathogens

spread by: airborne, droplet, or contact
transmission.
Dr.T.V.Rao MD 22

Droplet Precautions
• For infectious agents with droplet nuclei > 5 microns, through cough or sneezing:

• Examples:
– Pertussis – Influenza. – Meningococcus meningitis.

• Precaution Details:
– Private room – Surgical Mask if within 1 meter of patient.
Dr.T.V.Rao MD 23

For effective segregation of waste, provision of different types of waste containers in all clinical areas, is necessary.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

24

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

25

Never Forget Simple Washing Saves Many Lives

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

26

• Programme Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for Benefit of Nursing Staff in Health Care
• Email • doctortvrao@gmail.com
Dr.T.V.Rao MD 27

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful