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MINOR CELLULOSIC FIBRES
Minor Cellulosic Fibres
• • • 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) These fibres are those which are rarely used in Apparel use. They are produced in less quantity. The Minor Cellulosic Fibres are: Hemp 6) Coir Manila Hemp Ramie Sisal Kapok
• Hemp is a vegetable fibre. • It is obtained from the Hemp plant. • It is cultivated almost all over the world, except for the United States.
Properties of Hemp Fibre
• It is a yellowish brown fibre • Hemp fibers can be 3 to 15 feet long, running the length of the plant. • Depending on the processing used to remove the fiber from the stem, the hemp naturally may be creamy white, brown, gray, black or green
Harvesting of Hemp
Uses of Hemp Fibre
Hemp fabric Hemp Necklace
Hemp toe sandal
• Manilla, also known as Manila Hemp, is a fibre obtained from the leaves of the abaca plant. • Mainly cultivated in Manila, the capital of Philippines.
The abaca plant
Properties of Manilla Fibre
• The abaca plant grows up to 20 feet when mature. • The stem consists of tightly packed, long, crescent-shaped sheaths, that grow from a central core.
Mature abaca plant
Manilla Hemp Yarn
Characteristics of Manilla fibre
Extremely strong. Resistant to salt water. Bio-degradable. Eco-friendly. Has a beautiful texture. Relatively cheap to produce.
Uses of Manilla Fibre
• Manilla fibre is used to make Ropes Paper Rug Furniture Carpet and countless other products.
• Ramie is one of the oldest fibre crops, having been used for at least six thousand years. • It is also known as china grass. • Ramie is normally harvested two to three times a year but under good growing conditions, can be harvested up to six times per year. • The ramie plant is 2.5m tall.
Properties of Ramie
• Ramie fibre is one of the strongest natural fibres. • The fibre is similar to flax in absorbency, density and microscopic appearance. • Silky lustre to the fabric appearance. • Usually blended with other fibres, as it is not that durable.
Characteristics of Ramie
• Ramie fibre has the ability to hold shape. • Resistance to wrinkling. • It is stiff and brittle. • Lacks resiliency. • Low elasticity
Uses of Ramie
• Ramie is used to make Industrial sewing thread Packing materials Fishing nets Filter cloths
• Sisal is obtained from the leaves of the Sisal Plant. • Annually, thousands of tonnes of Sisal fibres are produced in most parts of Africa and Asia.
Properties of Sisal Fibre
• Sisal fibres are smooth, straight and yellow and can be long or short. • Since it is coarse and inflexible, it is mainly blended with wool or acrylic to give a softer hand.
Characteristics of Sisal Fibre
• Sisal fibre is Strong Durable Ability to stretch Affinity towards certain dyestuff Resistance to deterioration in salt water
Uses of Sisal Fibre
• Sisal fibres are used to make Rugs Slippers Ropes Carpets Specialty papers
• Kapok fiber is a silky cotton-like substance that surrounds the seeds in the pods of the ceiba tree. • The pods contain seeds surrounded by a fluffy, yellowish fiber that is a mix of lignin and cellulose.
Properties of Kapok Fibre
• It can support as much as 30 times its own weight in water and loses only 10 percent of buoyancy over a 30day period. • It is eight times lighter than cotton. • The fibre is yellowish.
Kapok Pod (open)
Characteristics of Kapok Fibre
• The Kapok fibre is Light Very buoyant Highly flammable Resistant to water
Kapok yarn spool
Uses of Kapok Fibre
• Kapok is mainly used in stuffing of Pillows Blankets Soft toys Upholstery and for Insulation
Kapok used for Filling
Uses of Kapok Fibre
• Fibre mechanically extracted from dry mature coconut husk after soaking. • It is long, hard and strong fibre but with lower softness, lower water absorption capacity, and shorter life than long retted fibre. • There are two types of Coirs 4) Brown Coir 5) White Coir Coconut tree, Coconut and
Properties of Coir Fibre
• The individual fiber cells are narrow and hollow, with thick walls made of cellulose. • They are pale when immature but later become hardened and yellowed as a layer of lignin is deposited on their walls. Coir
Characteristics of Coir Fibre
• Coir Fibre is Relatively water proof Resistant to damage by salt water Brown Coir is thick and strong White Coir is smoother and fine.
Segregation of Coir Fibre
Uses of Coir Fibre
• Coir Fibre is used for Padding in furniture • Production of Brushes Carpets Ropes Rags