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FOOTNOTING AND LEGAL CITATION: FOLLOWING THE BLUE BOOK UNIFORM SYSTEM OF CITATION

By: Atty. Patrick Simon Perillo Ateneo Law School J.D. ‘08 DLSU LMG ‘03

TOPICS TO DISCUSS AND LEARN

Order of Authorities
Primary  Secondary

Footnoting  Short citation  Bibliography  Abbreviation of Words

ORDER OF AUTHORITIES – PRIMARY
Constitution  Statutes, treaties and other international instruments  Cases  Legislative Documents other than statutes  Administrative or executive documents  Implementing Rules and Regulations  Court Documents including Rules of Court  Documents of intergovernmental organizations

ORDER OF AUTHORITIES – SECONDARY Books. Annotations and Treatises  Journal Articles  Periodical Articles  Internet Sources  Interviews  Papers and Theses  Miscellaneous  .

§ 1 (superseded 1971). art. ¶ 2. {subdivisions} ({year superseded}). 1935 Phil. CONST. 1. Repealed Constitution: {Year of adoption} {STATE OR COUNTRY} CONST. art. VI. Const.   Small Caps shortcut: CTRL-SHIFT+K . § 11. {subdivisions} PHIL.CONSTITUTION  Current Constitution: {STATE OR COUNTRY} CONST.

{subdivisions}. Art.  . An Act Revising the Penal Code and Other Penal Law {REVISED PENAL CODE]. REVISED PENAL CODE. art. ¶ 2.  Short citation and subsequent citations: {SHORT TITLE}. arts.CODES AND STATUTES  Codes {full title} {SHORT TITLE}. {subdivisions} ({year}).  Id. Act No. 180. 3815.  Id. 171-173. {statute number. 2 (1932).

{subdivisions} ({year}). {statute number}. Blg. {subd. § 5.  Id. § 6 (1978).  An Act Penalizing the Making or Drawing and Issuance of a Check Without Sufficient Funds or Credit and for Other Purposes. B.}. Batas Pambansa Blg. § 2.CODES AND STATUTES  Statutes {full title} [{Short title. 22. Short citation and subsequent citations: {Short Title or abbreviated statute number}.   .P. 22.  Id. if any}].

Penalties for Unlawful Use Thereof and For Other Purposes [e-Commerce Act of 2008]. Short citation and subsequent citations: E-Commerce Act of 2008. § 10.   .CODES AND STATUTES  Statutes  An Act Providing for the Recognition and Use of Electronic Commercial and Non-commercial Transactions and Documents.  Id. § 33 (2000). 8792. No. Republic Act.  Id. §§ 33-34.

Number} {Reporter}. {volume number} {Reporter} {first page}. 172470.  Unreported Cases – Exception {case name}. 245 (2006).  People v. G. {cited page} ({year}). {cited page} {date}.  Laurel v. Apr. 483 SCRA 243. 8.R.R. Abrogar. . {G.CASES (JUDICIAL DECISIONS)  Supreme Court Decisions  Reported Cases – General Rule {case name}. No. Ramos. 2008.

at 255. No. Apr. G. 172470. Id. Ramos. People v.CASES (JUDICIAL DECISIONS)  Short citation and subsequent citations:      Laurel. 2008. Id. Id. 483 SCRA at 269. 8.R. .

{cited page} ({Court} {year}). 1805 (Court of Appeals 1926). 37 O.CASES (JUDICIAL DECISIONS)  Decisions of other Philippine courts {case name}. People v. Collantes. follow the same format as that of the Supreme Court’s unreported cases. {volume number} {Reporter} {first page}. 1804.G. (Exception) . If unreported.

. 2007). in 128 Cong. 2007. 13th Cong.LEGISLATIVE MATERIALS  Bills {title}. . {session}.B. 7091 (May 19. 2d Sess. (May 12. H. {publication. S. in if any} {subdivision} ({date}). 604. Rec. {legislature}.

{legislature} {page number} ({year of hearing}) ({parenthetical information about person testifying}). IV. 2-5 (2003) (statement of William H. Victims of International Terrorism: Hearing on S. 108th Cong.LEGISLATIVE MATERIALS  Bills with hearings held {title of hearing. Dept. Legal Advisor.S. Taft. of State). including the bill number and committee which held the hearing}. Benefits for U. 1275 Before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. .

Senate Sess. {Number of Congress}{Number of Report}. 1st Reg. if any} {H. 1st Reg. to indicate House of Representatives or Senate} REP. 2005). (May 10-11. No.R.  Congressional Journals {volume.  . or S. at 8 (1985). 99-226.R. 7. 13th Cong. Sess. {session} ({date}). 2005). REP.. Sess. 67 (Mar.LEGISLATIVE MATERIALS  Congressional Reports {title and author. if any} {JOURNAL OF CHAMBER OF CONGRESS} {journal number}. NO.  68 JOURNAL OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES 14.. at {page number} ({year}). SENATE JOURNAL 722. {legislature}. NO. H. 13th Cong.

1990). Bureau of Internal Revenue. if any} {page or section number} ({date}). 1993). Effectivity Clause (Sep. 7. Rev. Instituting the Presidential Award for Heroism in Times of Disaster.G.EXECUTIVE AND ADMINISTRATIVE MATERIALS {issuing agency}. 421 (Sep. Executive Order No. 89 O.  Bureau of Internal Revenue. 2002). 1. Code of Corporate Governance. {volume} {official source. Revenue Memorandum Circular No. No. 2. {issuance or series number. {title. Reg.  Securities and Exchange Commission. SEC Memorandum Circular No.  . if any}. 2005. 16. 5. 2005).  Office of the President. 4476 (Aug. Series of 2002 (Apr. 37-93. 9. if any}.

 Rules and Regulations Implementing the e-Commerce Act of 2000. § 14 (a) (2004).IMPLEMENTING RULES AND REGULATIONS {title of statute}. § 1 (2000).  Id.  . {subdivisions} ({year}). § 5.  Id. Rules and Regulations Implementing the Anti-Violence against Women and Their Children Act of 2004.

Id.       2000 REVISED RULES OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE.RULES OF COURT {TITLE OF RULES}. Id. § 10. rule 110. 1991 Revised Rules on Summary Procedure. {rule}. 1997 RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE. {subdivisions}. Id. § 2 (a). rule 41. § 4. .

BALANE. JOTTINGS IN CIVIL LAW: SUCCESSION 53 (2d ed.  . THE 1987 CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES: A COMMENTARY 1195 (2003 ed.J. {TITLE} {cited page} ({year} or {edition number} {year} or {year of edition}). BERNAS. RUBEN F.  JOAQUIN G. ANNOTATIONS. 2002). ADMINISTRATIVE LAW TREATISE 12021 (1990).)  SAMUEL WILLISTON. S.BOOKS.. A TREATISE ON THE LAW OF CONTRACTS. TREATISES  Books and Treatises – General Rule: {AUTHOR}.

{TITLE} {cited page} ({Editor or translator} {ed(s).. HERRERA. {year}).  WOMEN AND LANGUAGE IN LITERATURE AND SOCIETY 284-99 (Ruth Broker.BOOKS. or trans.  . REMEDIAL LAW 150 (2001 ed. 2000). ADAM SMITH.)  Books and Treatises – With Editor or Translator {AUTHOR}. 1980). TREATISES  Books and Treatises – Multi-Volume Work {volume number} {AUTHOR}. {TITLE} {cited page} ({year} or {edition number} {year} or {year of edition}). ANNOTATIONS. et al.}.. THE WEALTH OF NATIONS 30-31 (Edwin Cannan ed..  4 OSCAR B. eds.

TAX LAW AND JURISPRUDENCE 150 (2d ed. OMNIBUS ELECTION CODE 181 (2007). ANNOTATIONS. ACOSTA. {TITLE} {cited page} ({year} or {edition number} {year} or {year of edition})..BOOKS. . VITUG & JUDGE ERNESTO D. BELLOSILLO. {TITLE} {cited page} ({year} or {edition number} {year} or {year of edition}).  JOSUE N.  JUSTICE JOSE C. ET AL. TREATISES  Books and Treatises – 2 Authors {AUTHOR 1} & {AUTHOR 2}.  Books and Treatises – More than 2 authors {AUTHOR 1} ET AL.. 2000).

supra note 68. . TREATISES  Books and Treatises – Short citation and subsequent citations:         BALANE.. Id. Id. ANNOTATIONS. et al. Id. supra note 50. supra note 52. VITUG & ACOSTA. 3 REGALADO. at 205. at 288. Id. at 206. Cruz. at 299. supra note 80. at 104.BOOKS. at 305.

ANNOTATIONS. TREATISES Annotations  {Author}. {Title}. Annotation. 293 SCRA 201. Annotation. The National Computerized Identification Reference System as Violation of the Right to Privacy: A Review of the Principles and Jurisprudence on Privacy as Human Rights. 203 (1998). . {volume number} {Reporter} {first page}. Coquia.BOOKS.   Jorge R. {cited page} ({year}).

{cited page} ({year}).  Id.  Id. supra note 43. Perillo.  Patrick Simon S. at 489-90.JOURNAL ARTICLES  {Author}. 434. Short citation and subsequent citations:  Perillo. 488 (2008). . Transporting the Concept of Creeping Expropriation from de Lege Ferenda to de Lege Lata: Concretizing the Nebulous under International Law 53 ATENEO L. at 488.J. {Title}. {volume number} {JOURNAL} {first page.

ADB REV. TIMES. Clinton Adamant on 3D World Role in Climate Accord. . {ABBREVIATION OF NEWSPAPER}. at 30. Dec. at {first page of article}.Y.PERIODICALS  Magazine {Author}. at A1. {Title}. N. Transforming Misfortune into Opportunity. {Headline}. {date of article}.. at {page on which article appears}. Broder. 12.  Newspaper Article {Author}. {NAME OF MAGAZINE}. {date}. Apr.  Usha Tankha. 1997.-May 2006.  John M.

gov. 2007). available at http://www. et al.ph/progs/tamaraw. Leiner.. 26.shtml#Introducti on (last accessed Apr.pawb. . available at {internet address/website} (last accessed {date}). 27.isoc.  Note: Remove hyperlink. available at http://www.INTERNET SOURCES {Author if available}. 2002).htm (last accessed Dec.  Protected Area and Wildlife Bureau.org/internet/history/brief. Tamaraw Conservation Project. A Brief History of the Internet. Barry M. {title}.

2006). 24. Telephone Interview {Name}. of the interviewee}. D. in Washington. {Institutional Affiliation. if any. if any. Vice-President.  . United States of America. {Title}. Interview with Dick Cheney. {Institutional Affiliation. {Title}. in {location of the interview} ({date of the interview}). 2006). (Oct.C. in {location of the interview} ({date of the interview}). of the interviewee}.INTERVIEWS  In-person Interview    {Name}. in Stockholm (Oct.  Telephone Interview with Orhan Pamuk. 12.

of the interviewee}.  Interview by Harry Keisler with Kofi Annan.  . in University of California. Berkeley (Apr. {Name of interviewee}. {Title}.INTERVIEWS  Interview not personally conducted by the author {Name of interviewer}. Secretary General. if any. {Institutional Affiliation. 1998). 19. in {location of the interview} ({date of the interview}). United Nations.

Rayco. University of Nevada). Cyber-Prostitution at a Click of a Button: Evaluating the Applicability of Prostitution Statutes in Criminalizing Paid Video-based Cybersex (2006) (unpublished J. University of Nevada) (on file with Reno Library.THESES {Author}.D. {Title} ({date}) ({indicate type of work}. Archie E. Ateneo de Manila University).  . Ateneo de Manila University) (on file with the Professional Schools Library. thesis. Daubert and Reality: A Survey of Nevada Judges (1996) (unpublished thesis.  Rosalyn C. {institution that awarded the degree}) ({where it can be found}). Blake.

U. 20th Sess. U. No. Doc.N. {designation} ({year}). paragraph number}. at 2. {session or volume number}..A. {at page number. 2131. supra note 34.N.A. Supp. at 107-08. A/Res/57/377 (July 3. 2131. U.N.N.  G. Res.  G. if if possible. 57/377. U.  . {supplement or annex number}.  G. GAOR. Res. A/6012 (1965). 12. Res.A. ¶ 3. GAOR.BASIC FOREIGN MATERIALS  United Nations  General Assembly Resolutions {Resolution number}. Doc. 2003).

 . 24.18/2007/8 (Feb.N. {title of the report}. & Soc. U. at 1. {sub-committee that prepared the report}. Council [ECOSOC]. Doc.BASIC FOREIGN MATERIALS  United Nations  Reports {name of issuing body}. U. 2007). 2006 and Apr.  U. E/CN.N.1. 16-27. {document number} ({date}) ({author included.1. Chapt.N. I. United Nations Forum on Forests. Econ. {paragraph number or the pinpoint cite}. [{abbreviation}]. Doc. Report of the Seventh Session. if available}). A.

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.  Treaty of Amity and Economic Relations.A. supra note 93. art. 20.T. 43. Preamble.S. Protocols  {name of agreement}. U.BASIC FOREIGN MATERIALS  Treaties.S.  Exception: U. Conventions. 1968. 1983 U. art.T. . June 8. 23. 253 [hereinafter T.  Convention on the Rights of the Child. {international treaty sources}. 3 [hereinafter UNCLOS]. if cited only in part}.N. {subdivision. 10. at art.N. 3 [hereinafter CRC].  UNCLOS. {full date of signing}.N. 19.T.N. CHARTER.-Thail.  Id. Dec. 1577 U. art.S. 192. Nov. 652 U.R.S.. 1982. 1989. ¶ 1.].E.

109.I.BASIC FOREIGN MATERIALS  Cases     {Case name}. 1950).J. v.. A/B No. vol. Asylum.J. 1950 I. 266. Ser.C. 62. Asylum (Colom. ({parties’ name. Peru).C. 43. C. 5. Ser. at 278. 1933). 1933 P. 63.J. vol. 53. 277-78 (Nov. Legal Status of Eastern Greenland Case.C. {page number} ({date}). 1950 I. except if it is an advisory opinion}). . 858 (Apr. {volume number and name of publication} {case number}. 20.