STRESS MANAGEMENT

-- A JR PRESENTATION

CAUGHT IN TRAFFIC! FRUSTRATING?

TRY THESE SITUs FOR SIZE

WHAT IS YOUR REACTION?
• ANGER? AT THE TRAFIC? AT THE ONE WHO CAUSED IT? AT OTHERS? • AT YOURSELF? FOR NOT CHOOSING ANOTHER ROUTE OR TRANSPORT OR TIME? • PANIC?

• RESULT OF ANGER – CHRONIC TENSION • RESULT OF PANIC – ANXIETY • EITHER WAY YOU ARE UNDER STRESS

SO, WHAT IS STRESS?
• Perception of being stretched beyond your limits • It interferes with your mental and physical well being • It occurs when the body is required to perform beyond its natural capabilities • The reaction of the body and mind to change

• Studying hard – deadlines to keep – project work submission

TYPES OF STRESS
Hyper stress

Distress

Stress

Hypo stress

STRESS – ITS EFFECT
STRESS AFFECTS
– THE SOCIECY – COMPANIES AND – INDIVIDUALS

SOCIETAL STRESS

Unexpected changes in crime figures, unemployment, educational results and emigration/immigration

ORGANISATIONAL STRESS INDIVIDUAL STRESS

Changes in levels of absenteeism, declining quality of production, increase in work-related accidents and occupational health complaints Persistent insomnia, rashes, cramps, head-aches, loss of appetite, change in eating patterns, marked rise in personal addiction

SYMPTOMS OF STRESS
SOCIETAL
– INCREASING PRESSURE ON PUBLIC SERVICES SUCH AS HEALTH CARE – INCREASE IN NUMBER OF EARLY RETIREMENTS – INCREASE IN COMMUNAL CONFLICTS – DECLINING QUALITY OF LIFE

ORGANISATIONAL
– – – – – DECLINING SALES TURNOVER INCREASE IN NUMBER OF FOLD-UPS HIGH RATE OF WORKER TURNOVER DECLINING PERFORMANCE QUALITY LOSS OF CUSTOMER/ INVESTOR CONFIDENCE – RISE IN INDUSTRIAL UNREST

PERSONAL
PHYSICAL
– – – – – – – – – – INSOMNIA CONSTANT FATIGUE HEADACHES NAUSEA LOSS OF APPETITE OVEREATING BREATHLESSNESS DRY MOUTH DIGESTIVE DISORDERS ULCERS

EMOTIONAL
– BECOMING OVEREMOTIONAL/ AGGRESSIVE – LOSS OF INTEREST IN PERSONAL APPEARANCE, OTHER PEOPLE, SOCIAL EVENTS – POOR CONCENTRATION, INDECISION, LOSS OF CONFIDENCE – SADNESS, GUILT, SENSE OF HELPLESSNESS OR FAILURE – LACK OF SELF-WORTH

IS STRESS ALL BAD?

WHAT IS COMMON TO THESE INSTRUMENTS?

TENSION PRODUCES

BUT TOO MUCH TENSION CAN BREAK THE STRING

P E R F O R M A N C E

Moderate Stress

Low Stress

High Stress

Stress/ Arousal

WHAT CAUSES STRESS?

AT THE SOCIETAL LEVEL
• INCREASING URBANISATION
– leading to cramped living, overcrowded streets, noise and air pollution, population explosion

• AGEING POPULATION
– Younger men often need to sacrifice careers for long term care of ageing relatives

• CHANGING GENDER ROLES
– Stressful for both the genders

AT ORGANISATIONAL LEVEL
• Technical – emergence of new technologies • Strategic – globalisation, privatisation, take-overs, job-cuts • Operational – tighter control • Cultural – multiethnic,multi-cultural workforce • Competition • All these have the effect of dramatically changing the working conditions • Mounting pressure on employees to perform better, produce more in shorter time and learn new skills • Can prove to be too much for anyone to take on

AT PERSONAL LEVEL
Life events Daily events Beliefs & attitudes Social support Meaning in life
Entries & exits to the family Change in job Unexciting but tight routine Struggle of day to day strife Core values imbibed from childhood conflicting with current situations Economic, physical & emotional support from friends, family & others Purpose of carrying on like this inexorably

How do these stressors act?
• Life events are generally one time occurrences • But, too many in a given time period can be harmful • Daily events prove to be the detonator for the bigger bombshell • All these have differing effects on different people

PERSONALITY TYPES
• TYPE ‘A’ – the hard driving, fast moving, demanding, ambitious, competitive, impatient and intolerant type • They seemingly thrive on high stress • TYPE ‘B’ – the diametrically opposite, laid back and languorous type • Nothing seems to affect them

POSITIVE SIDE OF TYPE ‘A’
• • • • • • Insatiable thirst for achievement Goal orientation Ability to take struggle in one’s stride Constantly looking for challenges Go-getter attitude Perseverance and steadfastness

NEGATIVE SIDE OF TYPE ‘A’
• Typically egocentric, focused on their own wants, needs and desires • Little time and concern for others, their problems and difficulties • Offering praise when it suits • More open-handed with criticism and blame • Inability to see own shortcomings

THE LESSON
• Type ‘A’ is in danger of early burnout • More stress risk prone • It is necessary to strike a balance between the two types

MORAL
• Traffic moves slower in the rush hour

P E R F O R M A N C E

STRESS/ AROUSAL

HOW DO WE COPE WITH STRESS?

INEFECTIVE WAYS OF COPING
• • • • • SMOKING ALCOHOL DRUGS DIET AND EATING OVERWORK (WORKAHOLIC)

EFFECTIVE STRATEGIES FOR COPING
• It should be integrated • Holistic • Take care of
– – – – Physical Mental Emotional Spiritual well being AND

STRIKE A BALANCE BETWEEN STRESS AND NO STRESS BY TAKING CONTROL OF STRESSOR SITUATIONS/ EVENTS

PHYSICAL
WORKOUTS JOGGING

WALKING

STRETCHING

MENTAL
RELAXATION TECHNIQUES

FANTASISING

YOGA

CATHARSIS

EMOTIONAL

• SHARE YOUR FEELINGS

• TAKE UP A HOBBY

LEARN TO SAY ‘NO’ WHEN REQUIRED

ADD COLOUR TO YOUR SURROUNDINGS

TAKE A BREAK

MEDITATE

GAIN INNER BALACE

CONTROL OF STRESSOR EVENTS
• HAVE A CLEAR
– THIS IMPARTS PURPOSE TO LIFE

• MANAGE YOUR TIME
– – – – PRIORITIZE PLAN DELEGATE DON’T HESITATE TO ASK FOR HELP

THANK YOU

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