INDIA

LOCATION & GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA

India’s Location

Where is India located?

India is located in the southern part of Asia

It is one of the most recognizable country on a world map

India is one of the largest countries on Asia

India is bordered by Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Burma, Bhutan and Sri Lanka

India’s Geography

India has 4 Major Mountain Ranges:

The Western Ghats The Himalayan Mountains

The Eastern Ghats

The Karakorum Mountains

India is not only a mountainous country, India is borders the 3 large bodies of water:

The Bay of Bengal

The Arabian Sea The Indian Ocean

Most of the Mountain Ranges are located in the northern part of India

Most of India is bordered by water than land

India is one of the few countries that has all these different environments Besides for the mountains and shores, India is full of Forests, Deserts, and Grasslands

CLIMATE OF INDIA

India has 4 main climatic regions:

The Tropical Dry climate dominates regions where the rate of moisture loss through evaporation and transpiration exceeds that from precipitation

The Tropical Wet climate covers regions experiencing persistent warm or high temperatures, which normally do not fall below 18 degrees centigrade.

Northeast India and much of North India are subject to a Subtropical Humid climate, though they experience hot summers, temperatures during the coldest months may fall as

India's Northernmost areas are subject to a Montane, or Alpine, climate

Subtropical Humid

Tropical Dry

Tropical Wet

Montane

BIODIVERSITY OF INDIA

India; A Mega diverse Country

There are over 170 countries in the world 17 of these countries are mega diverse India is one of these mega diverse countries

India’s Native Mammals
The Royal Bengal Tiger is the National animal of India These are the Big Cats that roam India

Indian Mammals

India’s Native Birds
The Indian Peacock is the National bird of

Each bird shown here inhabit different parts of India

India’s Native Vegetation
The Lotus is India’s National Flower

These flowers of India have very exquisit e fragranc

India’s Native Invertebrates

India’s Native Reptiles & Amphibians

INDIA AS A COUNTRY & THE PEOPLE OF INDIA

India
India has an estimated population of 1.17 billion people making it the 2nd most populated country in the world, right behind China with an estimated population of 1,33 New Delhi maybe the capital city, but Mumbai or Bombay is the most populated country with an estimated population of 13,9 billion people

New Delhi

New Delhi is located in the North-Western corner of India

New Delhi is the capital city of India with an estimated population of 12,259,230

Indian Tourist Attractions

Transportation in India

These are the most commonly and affordable uses of transportation in India

0-14 years: 31.1% (male 190,000,000/female 172,890,000) 15-64 years: 63.6% (male 381,400,000/female 359,800,000)

India’s Age Structure

India’s Average Age
Total: 25 years Male: 25 years Female: 26 years

India’s Ethnic Origin

India is full of people of different varieties, this graph shows the percentage of people that inhabit India from different

Indian Food
When it comes to food, India is mostly recognize d for their SPICY

Sports
Field Hockey is India’s National Sport

Cricket is India’s most frequentl y played , India also has one of the worlds best

HISTORY, RELIGION & CULTURE

Most of the people of India believe in Hinduism

Hinduism is the predominant religion of the Indian subcontinent. Hinduism is often referred to as Santana Dharma, a Sanskrit phrase meaning "the eternal law", by its adherents. Hindu beliefs vary widely, with concepts of God and/or gods ranging from Pane theism, pantheism, monotheism polytheism, and atheism with Vishnu and Shiva being the most popular deities. Other notable

Over 800 million Indians (80.5%) are Hindu,. Other religious groups include Muslims (13.4%), Christians (2.3%), Sikhs (1.9%), Buddhists (0.8%), Jains (0.4%), Jewish, Zoroastrians, Baha'is

India’s Culture
It is hard to believe that the traditional culture has been preserved so well and both are used in India's culture is marked by a high degree of syncretism and cultural pluralism. It has managed to preserve established traditions while absorbing new customs, traditions, and ideas from invaders and immigrants and spreading its cultural influence to India has 2 very different cultures. One of the cultures is very developed and evolved. The second culture is the traditional culture in which they dress, work etc in the

The History of India

In the third century BC, most of South Asia was united into the Maurya Empire by Chandragupta Maurya and flourished under Ashoka the Great The first known permanent settlements appeared over 9,000 years ago and gradually developed into the Indus Valley Civilization, dating back to 3300 BC in western

Following invasions from Central Asia between the 10th and 12th centuries, much of North India came under the rule of the Delhi Sultanate and later the Mughal Empire. Under the rule of Akbar the Great, India enjoyed much cultural and economic progress as well as religious

In the 20th century, a nationwide struggle for independence was launched by the Indian National Congress and other political organizations. Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi led millions of people in national campaigns of

From the 16th century, European powers such as Portugal, the Netherlands, France, and the United Kingdom established trading posts and later took advantage of internal conflicts to establish colonies in the country. By 1856, most of India was under the control

On 15 August 1947, India gained independence from British rule, but at the same time Muslim-majority areas were partitioned to form 2 separate countries of West Pakistan & East Pakistan

West Pakistan = Pakistan East Pakistan =

GOVERNMENT & ECONOMY

The National Symbols of India

India’s Government is The President of India,
the head of state elected indirectly by an electoral college for a five-year term. The Prime Minister is the head of government and exercises most executive powers. Appointed by the President, the Prime Minister is by convention supported by the party or The Constitution of India, the longest and the most exhaustive constitution of any independent nation in the world, came into force on 26

The executive branch consists of the President, Vice-President, and the Council of Ministers (the Cabinet being its executive committee) headed by the Prime The official languages of India are Hindu and English, but there 21 languages spoken in India India is the most populous democracy in the world

This is the President of India, Pratibha Patil

This is India’s Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh The is the Vice-President of India, Mohammad Hamid

India consists of twentyeight states and seven Union Territories. All states, and the two union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi, have elected legislatures and governments The Legislature of India is the bicameral Parliament, which consists of the upper house called the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the lower house called the Lok Sabha (House of People). The Rajya Sabha, a

India’s Economy

The economy of India is the twelfth largest in the world by market exchange rates and the fourth largest in the world by GDP measured on a purchasing power parity

Agriculture is the predominant occupation in India, accounting for about 60% of employment. The service sector makes up a further 28%, and industrial sector around 12%

The labor force totals half a billion workers. For output, the agricultural sector accounts for 17% of GDP; the service and industrial sectors make up 54% and 29% respectively. Major agricultural products include rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute,

Major industries include textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery and software

In 2007, India's GDP was $1.237 trillion, which makes it the twelfth-largest economy in the world

India’s Import and Export Trading Partners

India’s Export Partners

India’s Import Partners

India’s Minimum Wage
India’s Minimum Wage = 80 rupees per day Ontario’s Minimum Wage = 9.5 1 Canadian dollar = 41.6 Indian rupees

The minimum wage in India is slightly smaller than 2 dollars a day

FAMOUS PEOPLE

India has one of the World’s largest movie filming industry, called Bollywood These are some of the major blockbusters:

hese are some of the actresses of India

These are some famous actors of India

These are some of the famous singers of India

These are some famous athletes of India

THANK YOU FOR WATCHING OUR PRESENTATION , HOPE YOU ENJOYED IT

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