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OUR GOVERNMENT

By

S.ABDUL RAHMAN III STD B

INTRODUCTION
India is a democratic country. In a democratic country, the people are governed by their own elected representatives.

THE PARLIAMENT
The Parliament is the highest law making body of our country. The Parliament is divided into two houses, an upper house called Rajya Sabha and a lower house called Lok Sabha. The Lok Sabha has 543 members. The Rajya Sabha has 250 members. The term of the Lok Sabha is five years. The term of the Rajya Sabha is Six years.

THE PARLIAMENT CONTD.,


The members of the Lok Sabha is elected by the People of our country. The members of the Rajya Sabha is elected by the state Legislative Assemblies. The Parliament makes laws for the whole country. In the states laws are made by the Legislative Assemblies.

THE PARLIAMENT

THE LOK SABHA

THE RAJYA SABHA

THE ELECTIONS
The members of the Lok Sabha and the members of the Legislative Assemblies are directly elected by the people. Elections are held once in five years. Indian citizen attained the age of 18 years has the right to vote. The first general election in India was held in 1952. The person completed the age of 25 can be a candidate.

THE ELECTIONS CONTD.,


Different Political Parties have different Policies and they put up their candidates for election. On the day of the election, voters go to the nearest polling booth and vote for the person of their choice. These votes are later counted. The person who gets the maximum number of votes is declared elected.

THE PRESIDENT
A person elected to the Lok Sabha becomes an MP(Member of Parliament). The members of the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha elect the President of India. The President appoints the Prime Minister, the Council of Ministers, the Governors of the states, the Chief justices and other judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts. Our present President is Mrs.Pratiba Patil, who sworn in as 12th President of India.

THE PRIME MINISTER


The party which gets a majority of the seats in the Lok Sabha forms the government. The leader of that party becomes the Prime minister. The Prime Minster is the Head of the Government and rules the country with the help of the council of Ministers like Home, Finance, Defence, External Affairs, Industries, Agriculture etc., Our present Prime Minister is Dr. Manmohan Singh, who sworn in as the 15th Prime Minster of India.

THE GOVERNOR
Each state has its own Government. The Governor is the Head of the state. He is appointed by the President of India. The Chief Minster is the Head of the State Government and rules the state with the help of state Ministers. The term of the State Legislative Assembly is five years.

THE COURTS
Disputes about the implementation of the rules are settled in courts. The Supreme Court is the highest court of appeal in the country. The Chief Justice of India is the head of the Supreme Court.

WE ARE PROUD OF OUR DEMOCRATIC SYSTEM AND TO BE INDIANS.

THANK YOU