The Mythological and Archetypal Approach

By: Kristi, Grant, Parth, Ben, and Shrey

Mythology
• Definition: a set of stories, traditions, or beliefs associated with a particular group or the history of an event. • Example of Greek Mythology

Mythology (cont.)
• Mythology tends to be speculative and philosophical • such as involving: religion anthropology cultural history Note: Anthropology is the study of human beings

Mark Schorer
• An American writer, novelist and critic • His definition of myth: “Myth is a fundamental, the dramatic representation of our deepest instinctual life, of a primary awareness of man in the universe, capable of many configurations, upon which all particular opinions and attitude depends.” (William Blake: The Politics of Vision 29)

Alan W. writer. Watts • A philosopher. and some fantasy—which for various reasons. human beings regard as demonstrations of the inner meaning of the universe and of human life. speaker. and expert in comparative religion • His definition of Myth: “Myth is to be defined as a complex of stories— some no doubt fact.” (7) .

Archetypes • Archetype: An original model or type after which other similar things are patterned :Modifs and images that tend to elicit comparable psychological responses and serve similar cultural functions. .

Examples of Archetypes • Water: -mystery of creation -birth -death -resurrection -purification -redemption -fertility -growth -unconsciousness .

Sea: Symbolizes Mother of all life .

River: Symbolizes death and rebirth. baptism .

Sun (fire sky) • Sun: -creative energy -law in nature -consciousness -thinking -enlightenment .

Rising Sun: symbolizes birth or creation .

Setting sun: Symbolizes death .

Colors as archetypes .

RED • Blood • Sacrifice • Violent passion • disorder .

GREEN • • • • Growth Sensation Hope Fertility .

BLUE • Positive • Truth • Religions feeling .

BLACK • • • • • Chaos Mystery Unknown Death evil .

WHITE • Signifying • Light • Purity • innocence .

ouroboros .A circle is an archetype • Wholeness • Unity • Examples: -mandala -yang-yin .

A Serpent • Symbol of energy and pure force .

Numbers as Archetypes .

• Light • Spiritual awareness of unity .

• • • • • Life circle 4 seasons Earth Nature elements .

• Completion of a cycle • Perfect order .

Archetypical Woman • Good mother: nourishment. danger • Soul mate: beauty . growth. fear. warmth • Terrible mother: witch.

Archetypal wise old man • Knowledge • Insight • cleverness .

Garden • Unspoiled beauty • paradise .

Desert • Death • hopelessness .

Archetypal Motifs and Patterns • Motif: a recurring subject.. or musical work. theme. . especially in a literary. artistic. etc. idea.

Creation • most fundamental of motifs • virtually every mythology is built on some account of how the nature was brought into existence by some supernatural being or beings .

Immortality • Form 1: escape from time • Form 2: mystical submersion into cyclical time (endless death) .

Hero Archetypes • The quest: hero undertakes some long journey where they perform impossible tasks .

) • Initiation: hero under goes ordeals in passing from ignorance and maturity • 3 phases1.Hero archetypes (cont. return . transformation 3. separation 2.

Hero archetypes (cont.) • Sacrificial scapegoat: hero must die for peoples sins and restore land to fruitfulness .

Mythos of spring. 4. 2.tragedy Mythos of winter. 3.Archetypes genres 1.irony .romance Mythos of fall.comedy Mythos of summer.

. and time….” Line 16 “ But thirty thousand to the rest.” Each of these lines refers to their love for each other for all of eternity. It applies to the archetype motif of immortality in the form of escaping from time.To His Coy Mistress • Uses archetypes of time and immortality Stanza 1line1 “had we but world enough.” Line 8 “Love you ten years before the flood.” Line 13 “ An hundred years should go to praise.” Line 15 “ two hundred to adore each breast.

Line 24 “Deserts of vast eternity.To His Coy Mistress (cont.) • Stanza 2Line 22 “Times winged chariot hurrying near:” This references to the myth of how a winged chariot comes to bring one to heaven.” Once again this refers to the archetype of escaping from time .

) • Stanza 3Line 40 “Than languish in his slow-chapped power. yet we will make him run.To His Coy Mistress (cont. Line 44 “ Thorough the iron gates of life:” The iron gates of life are symbolizing the gates to heaven in mythology .” Both of these lines bring up an undefined him.” Line 46 “Stand still. This goes along with the Greek mythology of one who is above all humans.

.A Farewell to Arms • Rain is a major archetype in A Farewell to Arms. • It is a pattern that whenever it rains there is death • Pg 4 the narrator tells how it is raining. then he goes on to say how 7000 people died of cholera in the army.

Frederic leaves the hospital in the rain . • Furthermore.) • Also. in the end when Catherine dies.A Farewell to Arms (cont. the narrator happens to mention that it is raining. when one of the soldiers is killed by the mortar shell.

and for her to just die at the end is ironic.) • Throughout the book. it is snowing which shows that it takes place during the winter • The Archetype genre of winter is irony • Frederic finally finding a woman he cares about.A Farewell to Arms (cont. .

. • In several critics.A Farewell to Arms (cont. or baptism.) • In the book. Frederic jumps in a river to escape from being shot. • The archetype of a river is death. it could be viewed as rebirth too. • However. critics have questioned his jumping in the river as a reference to baptism. rebirth. since Frederic is leaving all his friends and tries to start a new life with him and Catherine.