ANATOMY OF THE EYE

ANATOMY OF THE EYE

The wall of the eye ball composed of a dense elasic supporting : - Anterior part (transparent)  Cornea - Anterior part covered the sclera  conjunctiva - Junction between Cornea & conjunctiva  limbus

EYE BALL LAYER’S .

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By lacrimal gland F/ Transport all water soluble nutriens Mucin : prod.  tear stability Aquous: prod.TEAR FILM Lipid : prod. by conjunctival goblet cell F/  ability aquous layer to spread through corneal epithel . by meiboman gland F/ tear evaporation.

CORNEAL LAYER EPITHELIUM: Continuation of the conjunctiva over the cornea Bowman’s Layer STROMA Forming 90 % of total Corneal Descemet Membrane Thin elastic membrane covered on its posterior by Endothelium Endothelium Controling stromal hydration. become less in number of age .

Sphincter pupillae circular bundle running round the pupillary margin.posterior : iris Muscle controlled iris movement . III . suplied by motor nerve fibers derived from cervival sypathetic chain . Camber : space filled with aquous humor Border : .Dilator pupillae run radially near the root of iris.anterior : cornea . supplied by parasimpatic N.Anterior Chamber Ant.

TRABECULAR MESHWORK & AQUOUS FLOW .

Aquous flow Aquous formed in ciliarry region Secreted to the posterior chamber Through the pupil Anterior chamber Escapes trough the drainage channels Episcleral vein .

held by suspensory ligament ( zonules zinii) .THE LENS Lens : biconves mass surounded by hyaline membrane ( lens capsule.

DURING ACCOMODATION THE CILIARY MUSCLES CONTRACTS DRAWING TOWARD THE CHOROID RELAXING THE SUSPENSORY LIGAMENT DIMINISHES THE TENSION OF LENS CAPSULE INCREASE THE CONVEXITY OF THE LENS .

-THE IRIS . .UVEAL TRACT CONSIST 3 PARTS : -THE CHOROID.CILIARY BODY.

THE RETINA CONSISTS OF 10 LAYERS .

THE MACULA LUTEA OR YELLOW SPOT. AT THE OPTIC DISC THE FIBERS OF THE NERVEFIBER LAYER PASS INTO THE OPTIC NERVE .FOVEA : THE MOST SENSITIVE PART OF THE RETINA. SURROUNDED BY A SMALL AREAS.

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normally contains 4.0 ml of clear gelatinous substance. hyaluronic acid. .VITREOUS Vitreous base vitreous cavity : expanded extracellular space. and collagen. composed largely of water.

THE EXTRA OCULAR MUSCLES Extra Ocular Muscle • THE RECTUS MUSCLE .THE SUPERIOR OBLIQUE .THE INFERIOR RECTUS • THE OBLIQUE MUSCLE .THE LATERAL RECTUS .THE MEDIAL RECTUS .THE INFERIOR OBLIQUE .THE SUPERIOR RECTUS .

OUT AND IN THE OBLIQUE MUSCLES ROTATION OF THE GLOBE . DOWN.RECTUS MUSCLES ROTATING THE EYE IN FOUR CARDINAL DIRECTIONS : UP.

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THE EYE LIDS .

ARRANGED IN TWO OR MORE CLOSELY SET ROWS THE SEBACEOUS GLANDS ARE CALLED ZEISS’S GLANDS AND THE SWEAT GLANDS ARE KNOWN AS MOLL’S GLANDS .THE SKIN OF THE LIDS IS THE THINNES AND ITS LOOSE ATTACHMENT THE CILIA OR EYELASHES ARE STRONG SHORT CURVED HAIRS.

IT CONTAINS NO CARTILAGE.THE TARSUS CONSISTS OF DENSE FIBROUS TISSUE. EMBEDDED IN IT ARE SOME ENORMOUSLY DEVELOPED SEBACEOUS GLAND : THE MEIBOMIAN GLANDS .

Orbicularis Palpebra : -Occupies space between tarsus skin .Suplied by N. VII .

THE LACRIMAL APPARATUS THE LACRIMAL APPARATUS CONSISTS OF •THE LACRIMAL GLANDS •THE LACRIMAL PASSAGES .

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TEAR FLOWS .