Dr. Ala Sirriyeh
Room E39, Richmond Building Office hours: Tuesdays 4-5pm and Wednesdays 11am-12pm

This week
 Introduction to module
 Thinking sociologically  Sociological approaches to understanding

how society operates  What are social divisions?  How do things change..or not?  Next week...

.Module aims and learning outcomes Module aims  In this module we will explore what social divisions exist in British society and how they intersect.utilise secondary data to support analysis of social divisions in modern British society. . . Learning outcomes  describe the main social divisions in modern British society. We will begin to critically evaluate the impact of these divisions on the lives of individuals and groups.understand the relevance of social divisions for individual and social groups in British society.

Organisation  2hr class every week for Semester One – lecture. group work  Attendance  Preparation  Behaviour  Assessment . break.

. can result in you failing modules.Attendance  Compulsory  Register – late attendance will be counted as non- attendance  If you are unable to attend any of your classes – lecture. seminar or tutorial . without good cause. such as illness. you should email me and Laurinda (administrator)  Absences from any teaching sessions may be reported to Boards of Examiners’ meetings so that this can be taken into account when deciding progression and the award of degrees. Continued absences.through good cause.

 Read the literature assigned under ‘essential reading’ + some ‘further reading’. Print off before class.Preparation  PowerPoint for each class will be available on Blackboard on Monday mornings.  Sometimes additional tasks may be set  At the end of each lecture I will go through what you need to do for next week .

Models of belief or behaviour that occur and reoccur across long spans of time and space. Wright Mills 1959) .Sociology  Studying human society. the relationships between individuals and collectives.  Society = the cluster of institutionalised modes of conduct.  The ‘sociological imagination’ – works between the ‘personal troubles of milieu’ and the ‘public issues of social structure’ (C. the structures of social relations.

Thinking sociologically  Reflecting critically on the norms. values and opinions we hold about the social world  Making a problem out of what we often refer to as ‘common sense’  Making the familiar ‘unfamiliar’  videos – Public Sociology .

Social difference and divisions How does society operate? .

•‘People interact and negotiate with each other within institutional frameworks towards the common good’ (Braham & Janes 2002) .Structural-Functionalism •Society as essentially cohesive and integrated.

Marxism Society has been constructed in a way that is essentially conflictual because it is divided by (primarily) social class .

Post-modernism The end of certainty Questioning traditional ‘metanarratives’ Individualisation Choice Risk .

• Includes class but not just about class as there are multiple kinds of divisions. •Power. hierarchy and inequality .Social Divisions •Middle range theory •Substantial differences that run throughout society dividing people into two or more categories.

Questions What potential social divisions can you think of apart from class? Think of some examples of inequalities that might result from these divisions? .

• unequal opportunities of access to desirable resources leading to different life-chances and lifestyles.What are social divisions?  Society wide distinctions between two or more groups of people. . • One category has advantageous position and more resources than others as people in that category have greater power over the way our society is organised.

 Long-lasting and sustained by dominant cultural beliefs.What are social divisions?  Engender shared identities in terms of perceived difference from those in an alternative category of the same social division. not purely biological or ‘natural’  Multiple and intersecting divisions (Payne 2006: 348) .  Socially constructed. the organisation of social institutions and the situational interaction of individuals.

status and power. systematic social inequalities.  ‘Social inequalities’ – the difference in people’s share of resources  ‘Stratification’ – structured. . Subset of social divisions usually used to talk about class.Other related terms  ‘Social difference’ – not necessarily about different power status and access to resources.

 To what extent do we make structures or do structures make us? . Social structure is the concept used in sociology to describe the organization of these patterns and the forms they take.‘Structure’ and ‘agency’  ‘Structure’ – Society is the patterns of social relationships that emerge and develop between it’s members. but rather actively think and interact with other individuals to create society.  ‘Agency’ – society is a collection of individuals who are not passive.

(See Woodward.) (2000) Questioning Identity) . K.Identity  Who am I?  How do I see myself? But also…how do others see me?  Link between the personal and the social  What makes us the same or different from other people?  Identity is different from personality as there is an active engagement on our part. (Ed. We choose to identify with a particular identity or group.


Falling apart or holding together? If social divisions act to keep groups and individuals from one social category separate from those of other categories. how does society persist without high levels of overt conflict? Does it?? .

how does change occur? . and if individuals are socialised into accepting the status quo.If social divisions are as firmly entrenched as suggested.

(Ed. G.  Socially constructed  Unequal access to resources  Multiple and intersecting  Payne.Overview  Sustained society wide divisions between two or more categories of people. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan .) (2006) Social Divisions.

Next week…  Topic: Class and stratification  Read: Payne. ( Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan (Ch. G. if you like. 1 of the same book  Have a look at: ‘The Great British Class Survey’ https://www. have a look at: podcasts/video/READING on Blackboard .uk/labuk/experiments/class/  Also.) (2006) Social Divisions. 2)  For intro to social divisions see Ch.