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Dynamic analysis for plane frame.

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**DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF FRAMED STRUCTURE
**

PREPARED BY : KRUNAL MEHTA GUIDED BY : DR. P. V. PATEL

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CONTENTS • Introduction • • Dynamic Analysis Importance of Dynamic Analysis (Videos) • Problem Formulation • • • • Equation of Motion Derivation of Global Stiffness & Mass Matrices Eigen Value Problem – “QR Method” (Manual Example) Displacement Calculation • Computer Program & Example • Input-Output 2 .

and blasts.INTRODUCTION • Almost of loads that are applicable to any structure are Dynamic in nature (i. • Dynamic loads include people. and modal analysis 3 . If a load is applied sufficiently slowly. wind. • Dynamic analysis can be used to find dynamic displacements. They vary with time) • The distinction is made between the dynamic and the static analysis on the basis of whether the applied action has enough acceleration in comparison to the structure's natural frequency. traffic. therefore. is a type of structural analysis which covers the behaviour of structures subjected to dynamic (actions having high acceleration) loading. the inertia forces (Newton's second law of motion) can be ignored and the analysis can be simplified as static analysis. time history.e. earthquakes. • Structural dynamics. waves.

PROBLEM FORMULATION Equation of Motion 𝑚𝑥 (t) + c𝑥 (t) + kx(t) = F(t) Where m = Mass Matrix (Lumped / Consistent) k = Stiffness Matrix C = Damping Matrix F = Force Matrix For Free Vibration of Plane Frame without Damping 𝑚𝑥 (t) + kx(t) = 0 4 .

& Rotation).PROBLEM FORMULATION Mass & Stiffness Matrices are derived by combining for Bar Element (Axial) & Beam Element (Transverse disp. Shape Function (N) Bar Element : [ 1 − 𝑥 𝑥 𝑙 𝑙 ] + 2𝑥 3 𝑙 3 Beam Element : [ 1 − 3𝑥 2 𝑙 2 x− 2𝑥 2 𝑙 + 𝑥 3 𝑙 2 3𝑥 2 𝑙 - 2𝑥 3 𝑙 3 −𝑥 2 𝑙 + 𝑥 3 ] 𝑙 2 Strain Displacement Relation (B) Bar Element : [ −1 1 𝑙 𝑙 −6 ] 12𝑥 𝑙 3 −4 𝑙 Beam Element : [ 𝑙2 + + 𝑙2 6𝑥 6 𝑙 2 − 12𝑥 𝑙 3 −2 𝑙 + 𝑙2 ] 6𝑥 5 .

PROBLEM FORMULATION Stiffness Matrix = 𝑙 𝑇 𝐵 0 𝐷 𝐵 𝑑𝑣 6 .

PROBLEM FORMULATION global Stiffness Matrix = 𝑇 𝑇 𝐾 𝑇 Where T = Transpose Matrix 7 .

PROBLEM FORMULATION Mass Matrix = 𝑙 𝑇 𝑁 0 𝑀 𝑁 𝑑𝑣 8 .

mω2 | {φ} = 0 Eigen Value (Natural Frequency) & Eigen Vector (Mode Shapes) From Modal Matrix – Modal Equations = {φ} x F Nodal Displacement {y} = [φ] x z .PROBLEM FORMULATION global Mass Matrix = 𝑇 𝑇 𝐾 𝑇 Where T = Transpose Matrix same as earlier Eigen Value Problem = | k . where is z is solution of equation of motion 9 𝑇 .

EXAMPLE 10 .

EXAMPLE 11 .

EXAMPLE 12 .

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