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KS4 Electricity Electromagnetism

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What is a magnetic field?
Where would you find a magnetic field?

© Boardworks Ltd 2005

N S strongest field at poles What does the magnetic field around a bar magnet look like? Where is the magnetic field strongest? © Boardworks Ltd 2005 .Magnetic field Around every magnet is an invisible force field that will affect all magnetic objects inside it. The magnetic field of a bar magnet is seen with iron filings.

See which materials will stick to a magnet and which materials will not.What materials will stick to magnets? Look around the laboratory or your teacher will provide a tray. Magnetic materials Non-magnetic materials © Boardworks Ltd 2005 .

N S What materials will magnets stick to? Iron or steel.Magnets and materials What materials are magnets made from? Iron or steel. And nickel! © Boardworks Ltd 2005 .

Forces between magnets – experiment © Boardworks Ltd 2005 .

© Boardworks Ltd 2005 . Like poles repel.Repulsion and attraction Repel/attract Repel/attract Repel/attract Unlike poles attract.

Separating coins How could you separate steel and gold coins using a magnet? N S Steel coins would stick to magnet. gold coins would be left behind. © Boardworks Ltd 2005 .

What does the magnetic field for a bar magnet look like? In what direction do magnetic field linesS N North to South point? © Boardworks Ltd 2005 .

Revising magnetism I Iron or steel Magnets are made from which materials? ___________ What are the ends of a magnet called? The Poles __________ What do we call the area around a magnet where a magnetic force exists? The Magnetic Field __________________ Pull together __________ What does the word attract mean? Push apart What does the word repel mean? __________ © Boardworks Ltd 2005 .

Revising magnetism II Repel What will two north poles do if brought together? _____ Repel What will two south poles do if brought together? ______ What will a north and a south pole do if brought together? Attract _______ Iron and steel What materials are attracted by magnets? ___________ Non-contact Is magnetism a contact or non-contact force? _________ © Boardworks Ltd 2005 .

One end of the coil becomes a north-seeking pole. This is called an electromagnet.Electromagnets A coil of wire acts like a bar magnet when it has an electric current flowing through it. © Boardworks Ltd 2005 . One end of the coil becomes a south seeking pole.

Wrap a coil of wire around the iron nail. 2. © Boardworks Ltd 2005 . See how many paperclips you can pick up.Making an electromagnet: Apparatus: Batteries Wire Iron Nail What to do: 1. Connect the coil of wire to the batteries. 3.

Results How many paperclips could you pick up? Can you think of any ways to make the electromagnet pick up more paperclips? More batteries (more current) Number of paperclips More turns of wire on the coil Number of paperclips Number of batteries Number of turns © Boardworks Ltd 2005 .

Electromagnetic strength – experiment © Boardworks Ltd 2005 .

results The results for the number of drawing pins attracted to the electromagnet with no core are: number of cells number of coils 1 2 4 6 2 4 8 12 3 6 12 18 4 8 12 How does changing the current affect the strength of an electromagnet? How does changing the number of coils affect the strength of an electromagnet? © Boardworks Ltd 2005 .Electromagnetic strength .

Electromagnetic strength .results Compare the results for the number of drawing pins attracted to the electromagnet with no core and an iron core: number of cells number of coils 1 2 4 6 2 4 8 12 3 6 12 18 number of cells number of coils 1 6 8 10 2 8 12 16 3 10 16 22 4 8 12 4 8 12 What effect does an iron core have on the strength of an electromagnet? © Boardworks Ltd 2005 .

results Compare the results for the number of drawing pins attracted to the electromagnet with no core and a copper core: number of cells number of coils 1 2 4 6 2 4 8 12 3 6 12 18 number of cells number of coils 1 2 4 6 2 4 8 12 3 6 12 18 4 8 12 4 8 12 What effect does a copper core have on the strength of an electromagnet? © Boardworks Ltd 2005 .Electromagnetic strength .

___________________ Using an iron core S N What happens if you turn the battery around in an electromagnet? The poles on the coil reverse. Do you know them? More turns on the coil 1. ___________________ More electrical current 2. © Boardworks Ltd 2005 . ___________________ 3. north becomes south and south becomes north.Ways to make an electromagnet stronger There are three ways to make an electromagnet stronger.

What do like poles do? A. Attract and repel B. Attract C. Repel  D. Stick together © Boardworks Ltd 2005 .

Aluminium can C. Steel paper clip B. Iron nail D. Steel key  © Boardworks Ltd 2005 .Which material below will not stick to a magnet? A.

Iron core  © Boardworks Ltd 2005 . More coils B.Which of the below will not increase the strength of an electromagnet? A. Less current D. More current C.

North to south  © Boardworks Ltd 2005 . South to north D. East to west B. West to east C.In which direction do magnetic field lines always point? A.

Circuit breakers  © Boardworks Ltd 2005 .Which of the following is not a use of electromagnets? A. Relays D. Fridge magnets B. Loud speakers C.