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Passive + infinitive

Sample sentences: 1. 3. He is said to know some very influential people. 2. The company is claimed to have lost a great deal on the project. Our manager is believed to be leaving the company. .

passive + infinitive .Form: It is said that he is a very rich man. He is said to be a very rich man.

Inflation is said to be rising. passive + infinitive .Form: It is said that inflation is rising.

passive + infinitive .Form: It is said that the company lost a lot of money. The company is said to have lost a lot of money .

Inflation is rumoured to be increasing. • • It is rumoured that inflation is increasing. To refer to the past we use perfect infinitive. • • It is believed that he is a good manager. To refer to the present or future we use present simple infinitive. . They are said to have suffered huge losses last year. He is believed to be a good manager. To refer to an activity in progress at the moment of speaking we use present continuous infinitive.Infinitives 1. • • It is said that they suffered huge losses last year. 3. 2.

. It is claimed that he is the richest man in Serbia. 2. • The company is expected to move its premises to London next year.Present simple infinitive 1. • He is clamed to be the richest man in Serbia. It is expected that the company will move its premises to London next year.

. 2. • They are expected to be planning a major new investment.Present continuous infinitive 1. • Our manager is believed to be staying in Paris for five days. It is expected that they are planning a major new investment. It is believed that our manager will be staying in Paris for five days.

2. It is clamed that prices have risen again.Perfect infinitive 1. It is thought that he made a lot of money last year. . • Prices are claimed to have risen again. • He is thought to have made a lot of money last year.

with verbs such as: SAY THINK ALLEGE CONSIDER BELIEVE REPORT RUMOUR SUPPOSE KNOW EXPECT UNDERSTAND 2. . when the statement is speculative (the information is not confirmed) Many investment banks are believed to have suffered losses in recent months.We use the passive + infinitive: 1. 3. mainly in newspaper reporting The Hungarian economy is expected to expand by 6% over the next two years.

It is considered that he is the best chairman the company has ever had. It is thought that the board has made the decision. .  The board is thought to have made the decision.  The terrorists are believed to want a new ceasefire. 2. It is believed that the terrorists want a new ceasefire. It is said that the minister is in favour of decreasing corporation tax.  He is considered to be the best chairman the company has ever had. 4.  The minister is said to be in favour of decreasing corporation tax.1. 3.

 6. . Many investment banks are thought to have suffered losses in the “junk bond” market.  7. It is known that Ericsson is looking at the possibility of outsourcing its low price phones in Taiwan. The Hungarian economy is expected to expand 6% over the next two years.  8.5.  It is expected that the Hungarian economy will expand 6% over the next two years. Ericsson is known to be looking at the possibility of outsourcing its low price phones in Taiwan. The company is believed to expand its range of services. It is believed that the company will expand its range of services. It is thought that many investment banks have suffered losses in the “junk bond” market.