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DEMOGRAPHY AND STATISTICS

ANURAG BAGADE NIKHIL PAWAR

•In India the Guru or the teacher is held in high esteem. •Indeed, there is an understanding that if the devotee were presented with the guru and God, first he would pay respect to the guru, since the guru had been instrumental in leading him to God

• Gurukul system of education • The gurudakshina is a traditional gesture of acknowledgment, respect and thanks

for medicine and learning including mathematics and astronomy. .NALANDA UNIVERSITY REMAINS OF TAXILA UNIVERSITY There were universities like Taxila. Ujjain. Kanchi etc.

Education of Indians had become a topic of interest among East India Company officials. The policy’s goal was • to advance knowledge of Indians and • to employ that knowledge in the East India Company • The British Parliament formed a petition in support of both establishing and adequately funding university education in India which helped in shaping the education system of India. .

1844 UNIVERSITY OF BOMBAY .GRANT MEDICAL COLLEGE.

with a uniform educational system . MAULANA AZAD.THE INDIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM POST INDEPENDENCE • Following independence in 1947. India's first education minister recommended strong central government control over education throughout the country.

The Indian government lays great emphasis to primary education up to the age of fourteen years (referred to as Elementary Education in India.) The Indian government has also banned child labour in order to ensure that the children do not enter unsafe working conditions. improve socialisation among children belonging to all castes and addressing malnutrition. The District Primary Education Programme (DPEP) was launched in 1994 with an aim to universalize primary education in India by reforming and vitalizing the existing primary education system The Mid-day Meal Scheme is the popular name for school meal programme in India. Education has also been made free for children for six to 16 years of age. It involves provision of lunch free of cost to school-children on all working days with an objective to: increase school enrolment and attendance. .

The government schools shall provide free education to all the children. Every child between the ages of 6 to 14 years has the right to free and compulsory education. . Private schools shall admit at least 25% of the children in their schools without any fee.RIGHT TO EDUCATION • The current scheme for universalization of Education for All is the SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN which is one of the largest education initiatives in the world.

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.• In our national perception. a scientific temper and independence of mind and spirit . secularism and democracy enshrined in our Constitution.thus furthering the goals of socialism. Education refines sensitivities and perceptions that contribute to national cohesion.

with motivation and effort on the part of teaching institutions. become an integral part of those institutions. • The need for inclusive education arises precisely because it is now well understood that most children with disabilities can.• The government is committed to providing education through mainstream schools for children with disabilities. .

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• The Secondary education is supported by the following organizations under the administrative control of the Union Department of Education: National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) • • • .• Significant feature of India's secondary school system is the emphasis on inclusion of the disadvantaged sections of the society. • Another feature of India's secondary school system is its emphasis on profession based vocational training to help students attain skills for finding a vocation of his/her choosing.

• The CBSE was set up by a special resolution of the Government of India in 1929 at Ajmer with a view to play a useful role in the field of Secondary Education and to raise its standard. • CBSE has introduced CONTINUOUS AND COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION (CCE) at the secondary level. in-service teacher empowerment programmes and development of textual material. It envisages employment of variety of tools and techniques for assessment in informal and formal settings which are more interesting. relevant and meaningful and involve learners for greater participation and learning “ . • “ The scheme of CCE discourages mechanical testing. • The CBSE has constantly been engaged in process of curriculum design.

Levelwise Education in Different Years .

1950-51 Higher Educaton 1960-61 Level Of Education Higher Educaton Secondary/Senior Senior(XI-XII) Upper Primary (VIVIII) Primary (I-V) -200 -100 0 100 No. of Students 200 Level Of Education Secondary/Senior Senior(XI-XII) Female Upper Primary (VI-VIII) Male Female Male Primary (I-V) 150 100 50 0 No. of Students 50 100 -300 1970-71 Higher Educaton 1980-81 Higher Educaton Level Of Education Secondary/Senior Senior(XIXII) Upper Primary (VI-VIII) Primary (I-V) Female Male Level Of Education Secondary/Senior Senior(XIXII) Upper Primary (VI-VIII) Primary (I-V) Female Male -400 -200 0 No. of Students 200 400 . of Students 200 400 -600 -400 -200 0 No.

2000-01 Higher Educaton 2005-06 Higher Educaton Level Of Education Level Of Education Secondary/Senior Senior(XI-XII) Upper Primary (VI-VIII) Primary (I-V) Female Male Secondary/Senior Senior(XIXII) Upper Primary (VI-VIII) Primary (I-V) Female Male 800 600 400 200 0 No.00 1. of Students 500.00 Female Male Primary (I-V) 500.00 No.00 0.00 1.000. of Students 200 400 600 1.00 No.00 0.00 No.000.00 1.000.00 2006-07 Level Of Education Higher Educaton 2007-08 Level Of Education Higher Educaton Secondary/Senior Senior(XIXII) Upper Primary (VI-VIII) Female Male Secondary/Senior Senior(XIXII) Upper Primary (VI-VIII) Primary (I-V) 500. of Students 500.00 1. of Students 500.000.000.00 0.00 1.00 .00 500.000.

Publication of school textbooks and other educational material like teachers’ guides/manuals etc. after China and the United States. . • It aims at making environmental education an integral part of curriculum in school education. It functions as a resource centre in the field of school education and teacher education.• NCERT is an autonomous body fully funded by the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) • The NCERT was established in 1961. India's higher education system is the third largest in the world. are its major functions.

determination and maintenance of standards of university education. but there are 18 important universities called Central Universities.organisation set up by Union government in 1956. indirectly controlled by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. • Most universities are administered by the States. which are maintained by the Union Government.• Higher education in India has evolved in divergent streams with each stream monitored by an apex body UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISION. . for the coordination.

• Delhi Chief Minister Ms.5. the state government intends to deposit Rs. .000 in the name of a girl child at the time of her birth and Rs. X and XII to encourage her education.000 each at the time of admission to Class I. VI.100.000 in the account of every girl child (belonging to a particular income group) by the time she attains the age of 18.Sheila Dikshit launched the ‘Ladli’.10. the government will deposit Rs. • As per the scheme. Under the scheme. IX.

chemistry. . psychology. biology . home science and computers.• Maths labs are a part of the infrastructure along with physics.

4 46.3 75.10 2011 65.10 1991 39.20 1951 8.40 1961 15.8 64.Literacy Rate is a number of literates in the age group of 7 year and above expressed as percentage of total corresponding population India’s Male Female Literacy Rate (Year wise) Male Female 27.7 82.9 40.00 1971 22 56.30 2000 53.40 1981 29.5 .

Pyramid Showing the Level-wise enrolment in schools/colleges by students in the year of 2009-2010 Level-wise Enrolment in School in 2009-10 Ph.D Post graduate Graduate Polytechnics Female 11-12 9-10 6-8 1-5 100 75 50 25 0 25 50 75 Male No. of Students (in thousands) .

000 1.Teachers in Primary School I .500 Female .000 500 0 500 1.000 1.V No. of Teachers (in Thousands) 1950-51 1960-61 1970-71 1980-81 1990-91 Year Male 2000-01 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09P 2009-10P 2.500 1.

000 .Teachers in Upper Primary School VI .500 1.VIII No. of Teachers (in Thousands) 1950-51 1960-61 1970-71 1980-81 1990-91 Male 2000-01 Female Year 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09P 2009-10P 1.000 500 0 500 1.

500 .X No.000 1. of Teachers (in Thousands) 1950-51 1960-61 1970-71 1980-81 1990-91 Year Male 2000-01 Female 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09P 2009-10P 2.000 500 0 500 1.Teachers in Secondary IX .500 1.000 1.

DROPOUT from I-V 2009-10P 2008-09P 2007-08 2006-07 2005-06 Year 2000-01 1990-91 1980-81 1970-71 1960-61 80 60 40 20 0 20 40 60 80 Female Male Students (in %) .

DROPOUT from I-VIII 2009-10P 2008-09P 2007-08 2006-07 2005-06 2000-01 1990-91 1980-81 1970-71 1960-61 100 50 0 50 100 Female Male Year Students (in %) .

DROPOUT from IX-X 2009-10P 2008-09P 2007-08 2006-07 2005-06 Year Female 2000-01 Male 1990-91 1980-81 1970-71 1960-61 100 80 60 40 20 0 20 40 60 80 100 Students (in %) .

Rural-Urban Statewise Literacy LAKSHADWEEP # CHANDIGARH # DAMAN & DIU # DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI # A & N ISLANDS # PUDUCHERRY # NCT OF DELHI # SIKKIM MIZORAM GOA ARUNACHAL PRADESH NAGALAND MANIPUR MEGHALAYA TRIPURA HIMACHAL PRADESH UTTARAKHAND JAMMU & KASHMIR HARYANA CHHATTISGARH PUNJAB JHARKHAND KERALA ASSAM ORISSA GUJARAT KARNATAKA TAMIL NADU RAJASTHAN MADHYA PRADESH ANDHRA PRADESH WEST BENGAL MAHARASHTRA BIHAR UTTAR PRADESH India/… State Urban Rural -1E+08 -80000000 -60000000 -40000000 -20000000 Population 0 20000000 40000000 60000000 .

Statewise Literacy Rate BIHAR ARUNACHAL PRADESH ANDHRA PRADESH MEGHALAYA JAMMU & KASHMIR JHARKHAND ASSAM UTTAR PRADESH RAJASTHAN MADHYA PRADESH CHHATTISGARH PUNJAB ORISSA WEST BENGAL KARNATAKA NAGALAND HARYANA DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI # MANIPUR TAMIL NADU GUJARAT SIKKIM UTTARAKHAND MAHARASHTRA A & N ISLANDS # CHANDIGARH # HIMACHAL PRADESH NCT OF DELHI # DAMAN & DIU # PUDUCHERRY # TRIPURA GOA MIZORAM KERALA LAKSHADWEEP # State Literacy Rate (Females) Literacy Rate (Males) -150 -100 -50 0 Literacy rate 50 100 150 .

Our children will learn to fly.We give them roots. A hope that they will try. . We are sure that one day . little things. we give them wings And great joys from. A hope that they will soar .