BJ Services

Acidizing Treatment
Fluid Design

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design

The Main Problems:-

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Corrosion of Tubulars Iron Precipitation Changes in Relative Permeability Emulsions Sludges Formation Water Incompatibility Fines Asphaltenes and Paraffins Problem Formations

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design

1.

Corrosion of Tubulars The Problem:Corrosion of steel tubulars by HCl, HF and organic acids whilst they are downhole.

Inhibitors greatly reduce corrosion rate.Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design 1. Corrosion of Tubulars The Solution:Use Corrosion Inhibitors and Inhibitor Intensifiers in the acid. .

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Corrosion Inhibitors We Need to Know:Temperature Acid Blend (strength and type) Job Type (coil tubing?) Completion Type (N80. Chrome etc) H2S? Other Additives in Acid .

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Corrosion Inhibitors Inhibitors: CI-25. CI-27 CI-30 Intensifiers: Hy-Temp O Hy-Temp I Hy-Temp 400 General Purpose High Temperature .

. Iron Precipitation The Problem:The precipitation of Iron Hydroxides and Iron Sulphide. The Solution:Iron Reducing Agents. Iron Chelating Agents and pH Control Additives.Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design 2.

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Iron Precipitation We Need to Know:Temperature Acid Blend (strength and type) H2S? Other Additives in Acid Condition of Tubulars Iron Compounds in Formation .

5 FeCl2 causes precipitates if pH > 4.9 .Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Iron Precipitation FeCl3 causes precipitates if pH > 2.5 and if H2S is present FeS precipitates if pH > 1.

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Iron Precipitation So.5 or Chelate the Iron into Soluble Complexes .9 or Reduce the Fe(III) to Fe(II) and Keep the pH < 4. Either Keep the pH < 1.

-810. -800. Acetic Acid Reducing Agents: Ferrotrol-200. -210 Chelating Agents: Ferrotrol-300. -1000 . -900.Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Iron Precipitation pH Control Additives: SAPP.

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design 3. The Solution:Use of surfactants. Changes in Relative Permeability The Problem:Changes in the wettability of the formation. .

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Changes in Relative Permeability We Need to Know:Temperature Acid Blend (strength and type) Other Additives in Acid Formation Mineralogy Formation Fluids .

30 Inflo-100.Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Changes in Relative Permeability BJ’s products help keep the formation water wet. -150 . and reduce surface tension. Flo-Back 20.

The Solution:Use of surfactants. Emulsions The Problem:Formation of thick. pore blocking emulsions by interaction of formation and acid. .Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design 4.

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Emulsions We Need to Know:Temperature Acid Blend (strength and type) Other Additives in Acid Formation Fluids We Also Need:Samples of All Formation Fluids .

940 BJ Services has a very wide range of surfactant products. . -32.Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Emulsions BJ Products:Inflo-100 NE-2A.

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design 5. in the presence of Fe3+ ions. iron reducing agents. The Solution:Use of anti-sludging agents. . Sludges The Problem:Formation of sludges by action of heavy oils with acid blends.

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Sludges We Need to Know:Temperature Acid Blend (strength and type) Other Additives in Acid Formation Fluids We Also Need:Samples of All Formation Fluids .

-32 AS-3. -7 Iron Reducing Agents:Ferrotrol-200. -210 .Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Sludges Anti-Sludging Agents:NE-13.

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design 6. Formation Water Incompatibility The Problem:Formation of precipitates due to brines and acid incompatibility The Solution:Testing of formation water .

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Formation Water Incompatibility We Need to Know:Temperature Acid Blend (strength and type) Other Additives in Acid We Also Need:Sample of Formation Water .

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design 7. Fines The Problem:Formation of fine insoluble particles The Solution:Accurate knowledge of formation mineralogy. . fines suspending agents.

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Fines We Need to Know:Temperature Acid Blend (strength and type) Other Additives in Acid Formation Mineralogy .

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Fines Fines Suspending Agents:LT-21 NE-38 .

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design 8. Asphaltenes and Paraffins The Problem:Asphaltene and paraffin deposits from oil production The Solution:Solvent-acid blend .

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Asphaltenes and Paraffins We Need to Know:Temperature Acid Blend (strength and type) Other Additives in Acid We Also Need:Sample of Deposits .

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Asphaltenes and Paraffins Acid System:- One Shot Acid “Plus” .

. Problem Formations Carbonate with High Quartz Content. Acidizing this formation can lead to the production of sand and fines. 1.Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design 9.

acid will neutralise almost completely. 2.Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design 9. Problem Formations Carbonate with High Iron content. giving a high pH. . Increased tendency to produce iron hydroxide precipitates .

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Problem Formations 3. These formations will tend to deform after acid treatment. Soft Carbonate Formations. . closing up wormholes and other areas of rock removal.

. Sandstones with High Carbonate Content. These formations will produce significant amounts of CaF2 solids when stimulated with HCl:HF.Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Problem Formations 4.

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Problem Formations 5. Increased tendency to produce precipitates. Reduced penetration of live HCl:HF. Sandstones with High Clay Content. .

Weak or Unconsolidated Sandstones Acidizing these formations will lead to the production of sand. .Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Problem Formations 6.

Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Core Flow Testing Core Flow Testing is THE BEST WAY to ensure compatibility between the formation and the stimulation fluids. It can also be used to optimise the treatment and fluid design. .

4. Temperature Formation Fluids Formation Mineralogy Completion . 3. 2.Acidizing Treatment Fluid Design Summary Most of the problems with acidizing can be countered if we know:1.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.