presentation on FEM, and caluclation procedures

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FEA_F06

presentation on FEM, and caluclation procedures

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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Analysis

MEEN 5330

Dustin Grant

Kamlesh Borgaonkar

Varsha Maddela

Rupakkumar Patel

Sandeep Yarlagadda

Introduction

What is finite element analysis, FEA?

What is FEA used for?

1D Rod Elements, 2D Trusses

Basic Concepts

Loads

Equilibrium

Boundary conditions

f

i

P

0

~

,

= +

i j ji

f o

Development of Theory

Rayleigh-Ritz Method

Total potential energy equation

Galerkins Method

1D Rod Elements

To understand and solve 2D and 3D

problems we must understand basic of 1D

problems.

Analysis of 1D rod elements can be done

using Rayleigh-Ritz and Galerkins method

To solve FEA problems same are modified

in the Potential-Energy approach and

Galerkins approach

1D Rod Elements

Loading consists of three types : body

force f , traction force T, point load P

i

Body force: distributed force , acting on

every elemental volume of body i.e. self

weight of body.

Traction force: distributed force , acting on

surface of body i.e. frictional resistance,

viscous drag and surface shear

Point load: a force acting on any single

point of element

1D Rod Elements

Element strain energy

Element stiffness matrix

Load vectors

Element body load vector

Element traction-force vector

q k q U

e T

e

] [

2

1

=

(

=

1 1

1 1

] [

e

e e e

l

A E

k

)

`

=

1

1

2

f l A

f

e e e

)

`

=

1

1

2

e e

Tl

T

Element -1 Element-2

Example 1D Rod Elements

Example 1

Problem statement: (Problem 3.1 from Chandrupatla and Belegundas

book)

Consider the bar in Fig.1, determine the following by hand calculation:

1) Displacement at point P 2) Strain and stress

3) Element stiffness matrix 4) strain energy in element

2

1.2

e

A in =

6

30 10 E psi =

1

0.02 q in =

2

0.025 q in =

Given:

Solution:

1) Displacement (q) at point P

We have

1

2 1

2

( ) 1

( )

2

(20 15) 1 0.25

(23 15)

x x

x x

= =

Now linear shape functions N

1

( c ) and N

2

( c ) are given by

1

1

( ) 0.375

2

N

= = And

2

1

( ) 0.625

2

N

+

= =

2D Truss

2 DOF

Transformations

Modified Stiffness Matrix

Methods of Solving

2D Truss

Transformation Matrix

Direction Cosines

(

=

m l

m l

L

0 0

0 0

] [

( ) ( )

2

1 2

2

1 2

y y x x l

e

+ =

e

l

x x

l

1 2

cos

= = u

e

l

y y

m

1 2

sin

= = u

2D Truss

Element Stiffness Matrix

(

(

(

(

(

=

2 2

2 2

2 2

2 2

] [

m lm m lm

lm l lm l

m lm m lm

lm l lm l

l

A E

k

e

e e

e

Methods of Solving

Elimination Approach

Eliminate Constraints

Penalty Approach

Will not discuss Today

Elimination Method

Set defection at the constraint to equal

zero

Elimination Method

Modified Equation

DOFs 1,2,4,7,8 equal to zero

2D Truss

Element Stresses

Element Reaction Forces

| |q m l m l

l

E

e

e

= o

| |Q K R

=

2D Truss

Development of Tables

Coordinate Table

Connectivity Table

Direction Cosines Table

2D Truss

Coordinate Table

2D Truss

Connectivity Table

2D Truss

Direction Cosines Table

( ) ( )

2

1 2

2

1 2

y y x x l

e

+ =

e

l

x x

l

1 2

cos

= = u

e

l

y y

m

1 2

sin

= = u

Example 2D Truss

MATLAB Program TRUSS2D.M

3D Truss Stiffness Matrix

3D Transformation Matrix

Direction Cosines

(

=

n m l

n m l

L

0 0 0

0 0 0

] [

( ) ( ) ( )

2

1 2

2

1 2

2

1 2

z z y y x x l

e

+ + =

e

l

x x

l

1 2

cos

= = u

e

l

y y

m

1 2

cos

= = |

e

l

z z

n

1 2

cos

= =

3D Truss Stiffness Matrix

3D Stiffness Matrix

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

(

=

2 2

2 2

2 2

2 2

2 2

2 2

] [

n mn ln n mn ln

mn m lm mn m lm

ln lm l ln lm l

n mn ln n mn ln

mn m lm mn m lm

ln lm l ln lm l

l

A E

k

e

e e

e

Conclusion

Good at Hand Calculations, Powerful

when applied to computers

Only limitations are the computer

limitations

References

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