Picture 9

National Aquatic Resources Research & Development Agency

Icelandic International Development Agency

• Fisheries resources and production • Fisheries sector contribution to the national economy with compare other countries. • Fishery harbours • Fishing fleets, fishing methods and cooling methods • Major commercial fish species • Marketing channels and distribution

After this lecture participants will be familiar with: • the general overview of the fishery industry in Sri Lanka

• Sri Lanka has 200 Nm exclusive economic zone following 517,00 sq.km. • The average width of the continental shelf is 22 km (22-40 km) and its total extent is 30,000 sq.km. • The coastline of the country is 1,770 km. • Annual marine fish production is estimated 250 000 metric tons.

2004 Coastal 154,470 fishery (MT) Deep-sea 98,720 fishery (MT) Total (MT) 253,190

2005 63,690

2006 121,360

2007 125,360

66,710

94,620

76,450

130,400

215,980

201,810

Source: MOFAR-2007-year book

Type of water sources Large irrigation reservoirs Medium irrigation reservoirs Minor irrigation reservoirs Seasonal tanks Flood lakes Mahaweli basin Brackish water deep lagoons Brackish water sallow lagoon Total

Quantity (Hectare) 70,850 17,004 39,271 10,000 8,097 22,670 80,000 40,000 381,941

Year

Production (MT)

2004

33,180

2005

32,830

2006

35,290

2007

29,260

Fleet type Multiday boat One day (on boat engine) One day (out boat engine) Traditional (mechanize) Traditional (non mechanize) Freshwater canoes Total Beach seine

Quantity 2,618 1,157 7,835 1,854 18,206 7,600 49,270 1,008

The fishing fleet
• Multi-days boats over 32 fleets in length • One day boats with in board motors 3 ½ tons (28-32 fleets) • One day boats with outboard motors and traditional boats.

Capture fishery
Kiribathi Marshal island Maldives Philippine Indonesia Bangladesh Sri Lanka 36.17% 24.77% 19.31% 2.22% 1.84% 1.76% 1.28% Laos Vietnam

Aquaculture
6.33% 5.17% 2.34% 2.10% 1.24% 0.78% 0.19%

Bangladesh China Myanmar Philippine Sri Lanka

• • • • • • •

Direct livelihood 150,000 Indirect livelihood 1,000,000 State employment 5,000 Private sector employment 400,000 Per capita fish supply /Kg 17.6 Export earnings/M US$ 100 Contribution to GDP % 2.7

• Fish supplies 60% of the total animal protein intake of the population.

Export Quantity (MT) Tuna fish Shrimp Lobsters 10,468 1,464 91 Value (Rs M) 7,088 1,636 146

Import Quantity (MT) Dry fish Tin fish Maldives fish Others 33,529 14,395 4,357 Value (Rs M) 3,316 1,945 678

Ornamental fish Others Total

-

653

4,727

835

1,746 13,769

911 10,434 Total 57,008 6,774

• • • •

Kirinda Panadura Tangalle Mutwall Kudawell Kalpitiya Dondra Trincomalee • Mirissa Beruwella • Galle • Hikkaduwa map of SL

• • • •

Gill nets Long lines/ pole & line Surrounding nets Trawling

• • • • • • •

Kelawalla (Yellow fin tuna) Balaya (Skipjak tuna) Other blood fish (Tuna like sp.) Thora (Seer fish) Paraw (Carangid spp.) Mora / Maduwa (Shark/ Skate) Kumbalawa (Indian Mackerel)

• Fish stored with ice • Chilled sea water (CSW) • Refrigerated sea water (RSW)

• Fish for export market is directly unloaded to freezer trucks for transport to processing plant • Fish directly unloaded to freezer trucks for transport to the central market(s) • Fish unloaded to auction at the harbour and sent to central market • Wholesale and send to central market • Wholesale and send retail market • Whole sellers sell to fish venders

• 95 – 97 % as fresh fish and 3- 5 % as dry fish • 05- 10 % of landed fish for export • 25 - 30 % for Central market channel • 50 – 60 % retail market channel

• • • •

Annual Report, 2004, Statistical Division of Ministry of Fisheries & Aquatic Resources, Sri Lanka Fisheries Year Book 2002, National Aquatic Resources Research & Development Agency (NARA). Annual book 2007, ministry of fisheries and aquatic resources. Status and potential of fisheries and aquaculture in Asia and Pacific- FAO 2006

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