The world's "oldest extant religion"

• Makes up 80% of population of India • Belief in many gods • Belief in reincarnation (the rebirth of souls after death) • Karma – moral consequences of people

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There are approximately 1 billion Hindus, making Hinduism the third largest religion in the world after Christianity and Islam, of whom approximately 890 million live in India

सनातन धर्म (Sanskrit)

It originated on the Indian subcontinent with foundations in the Vedic civilization, but has no known founder, being itself a conglomerate of diverse beliefs and traditions.

.Bhagavad Gita Sanskrit: भगवद्‌ गीता – The "Song of God" is an ancient Sanskrit text comprising 700 verses from the Mahabharata. as the speaker of the Bhagavad Gita is referred to within as Bhagavan. Krishna.

Hindu Temple Houses of worship for followers of Hinduism. . They are usually specifically reserved for religious and spiritual activities.


the Hindu religion does not claim any one prophet. it does not follow any one set of religious rites or performances.Who is Hindu? When we think of the Hindu religion. in fact. it does not believe in any one philosophic concept. it does not appear to satisfy the narrow traditional features of any religion of creed. to define Hindu religion or even adequately describe it.Chief Justice P. if not impossible. it does not worship any one God. we find it difficult. . B. Gajendragadkar . it does not subscribe to any one dogma. Unlike other religions in the world. It may broadly be described as a way of life and nothing more.

God incarnates Himself on earth to uphold righteousness Vishnu Shiva . so shall you reap That mode of living which is founded upon total harmlessness towards all creatures or upon a minimum of such harm.As you sow. is the highest morality • Whenever there is a decline of virtue.Five Major Doctrines • • • • Truth is one. Sages call it by different names All Mankind is One Family Law of Karma .

. chart or geometric pattern which represents the cosmos metaphysically or symbolically. a microcosm of the universe from the human perspective.Mandala A plan.

. They suffer or enjoy owing to the consequences of their own bad or good deeds. The doctrine of karma (karmavada) is based upon the theory of cause and effect.This denotes an action that brings back results in this life or in the future life. According to this doctrine. God is not responsible for the pleasure or pain of His creatures.

Castes in India The Indian caste system has been in use for many years. •Varna is a person's natural and right position in society. •The caste one has must dictate his or her role in life. and peace among the people. Still today the values of the caste system are held strongly. . It has kept a sense of order.

untouchables .Caste-System • System of social classes • Brahmans – Priests and scholars • Kshatriyas – rulers and warriors • Vaisyas – farmers and merchants • Sudras – artisans and workers • Dalits .

Brahmans Brahma carving at a temple in Halebidu A handcolored engraving of Brahma Highest class: priests and wise men of the society origin: Mouth of Brahma .

Rama and Lakshmana are always shown to be ready for battle as it is their Kshatriya dharma to fight. brother Lakshmana and devotee Hanuman. .Kshatriyas soldiers/landowners origin: Arm of Brahma Lord Sri Rama with wife Sita.

agriculture and business. . In Bhagavad-Gita their duties are stated as cow protection.Vaisyas Artisans/merchants origin: thighs of Brahma A Vaishya is a member of the second of the four classes of traditional Indian society.

. for their milk.Sudras Cattle are sacred in India. These farmer/laborer caste men are cutting grass. and for their dung fertilizer. yet can be used as work animals.

. who face violent reprisals if they forget their place.Discrimination against India's lowest Hindu castes is technically illegal. But try telling that to the 160 million Untouchables (dalits).

this rejected caste is left to clean the streets and do other dirty work.Dalit Even now. .

Nandi Bull temple .Shiva’s bull.

Swastika The swastika is considered extremely holy and auspicious by all Hindus. and is regularly used to decorate all sorts of items to do with Hindu culture. Differs from other uses of swastika by the four dots inside each of the . It symbolizes Peace and Harmony. Lord Ganesh has it on his right hand.

Statue of Shiva performing Yogic meditation .Yoga One of the six schools of Hindu philosophy. focusing on meditation as a path to selfknowledge and liberation.

.Hatha Yoga A system of Yoga that is seen as a preparatory stage of physical purification that renders the body fit for the practice of higher meditation.

Hindu Deities represent various perceptions of a one God: “monotheistic polytheism. • Supreme Reality is worshipped in male and female form.” rather than polytheism. . Sages call it by different names .Concept of God • The Truth (Ultimate Reality) is one. (Supreme Reality) perceived differently.there is one God.

Hindu Trinity Three manifestations of the Supreme Reality Brahma : Creation Vishnu : Preservation Shiva : Destruction •Three Faces of Divine •Three Cosmic Functions of the Supreme Lord •Creation + Preservation+ Dissolution •Generator + Operator + Destroyer = GOD .

TheRama.Lord Brahma. Lord creator God of the Destroyer of Evil Trinity Lord Vishnu. The Preserver god of the Trinity .

God of knowledge .Lord Krishna. The "giver" god. Destroyer of Evil Lord Ganesh. Lord Shiva.

Hindu celebration: Varanasi .

Varanasi It gets its name from the two tributaries of the Ganga. Varuna and Assi. This enchanting city is said to have been founded by Lord Shiva. .

or be selfish Cleanliness. purity and honesty Control over senses and sexual energy Right knowledge of the scripture Material and spiritual knowledge or study Truth Absence of anger .Ten Great Observances • • • • • • • • • • Patience. firmness and stability Forgiveness Self-control and contentment Not to steal or conceal.

Reincarnation Transmigration According to Hinduism a soul reincarnates again and again on earth till it becomes perfect and reunites with it Source. The Wheel of Transmigration . becoming one with the Divine. A being has to live many lives and undergo many experiences before it can attain perfection.

or The Sure Way to Nirvana caste system.Nirvana In Hindu tradition. In traditional Hinduism. . nirvana (more commonly called moksha) is the reuniting with Brahman. a soul reaches this state after living many lives in which it climbs up A mandala showing through the varna. the universal God or universal soul.

" .What is meant by this quote? "Just as a man discards worn out clothes and puts on new clothes. the soul discards worn out bodies and wears new ones.


Bride Groom . For traditional Hindus. the rituals of marriage are one of the most important functions of life.Rajput Wedding This Rajput marriage blends two important families.

A canopy or mandapa decorated with flowers is erected at the place of wedding.Hindu Wedding A day before the wedding the palm and feet of the bride are decorated with a henna design called “mehndi". .

Maharishi's meditation techniques have been taught to millions of people around the world.TM Maharishi Mahesh Yogi The founder of Transcendental Meditation and the TM Movement. .


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